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Introduction Generator

Generate compelling introductions for your articles, essays, novels, and more.

AI-powered Introduction Generator

Looking for a tool that can help you generate an entire article that is coherent and contextually relevant? Try our Blog Post Generator to create ready-to-publish content that are already optimized for maximum clarity and engagement.

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An Introduction Generator is a groundbreaking tool that helps writers in various fields - from blog posts and essays to novels and business proposals. This AI-powered technology works by creating interesting introductions specifically for your topic with just a click. You simply enter the title or subject of your content, and you'll receive a set of well-crafted introduction paragraphs.

One such powerful tool in this space is Junia AI 's Introduction Generator . Designed with the latest AI-technology, it generates high-quality introductions that not only save time but also elevate the standard of your writing.

The key benefits of using Junia AI's Introduction Generator are:

  • Enhanced efficiency
  • Improved quality
  • Greater engagement with readers
  • Increased creativity
  • Boost in content traffic

The Role of Introductions in Different Types of Content

Introductions are like the front door of your content – they welcome readers in. Whether you're writing an essay, a blog post , a novel, or a business proposal, the introduction plays a crucial role in setting the tone and capturing attention.

Here's how introductions work in different types of content:

1. Essay Introductions

In essays, the introduction is where you present your main argument or thesis. It's also an opportunity to grab readers' interest with a thought-provoking question or a bold statement.

For example:

"As sea levels rise and Arctic ice melts, the evidence of global warming can no longer be ignored."

2. Blog Introductions

Blogs are all about personality and relevance. A good blog introduction often starts with a relatable story or anecdote to hook readers right from the beginning.

Here's an example:

"The moment my feet touched the cobblestone streets of Rome, I knew my adventure had truly begun."

By sharing personal experiences, you can create a connection with your audience and makes them eager to read more about your travels.

3. Novel Openings

In novels, the opening lines are like a sneak peek into the world you've created. They should spark curiosity and make readers curious about what comes next.

Here's how 'The Last Sunset' starts:

"Amelia stood at the edge of civilization, the vast desert stretching before her like an unturned page."

With this vivid description, the author paints a picture in the reader's mind and leaves them wanting to know more about Amelia and her journey.

4. Business Proposal Introductions

Business proposals need to make a strong impression right from the start. An effective introduction in this context should establish your credibility and highlight the value you can offer.

For instance:

"In today's competitive market, ABC Corp’s innovative approach to digital marketing stands out as a beacon of efficiency."

This introduction immediately grabs the attention of potential clients by addressing a pressing need or opportunity they may have.

5. Academic Research Introductions

In academic research papers, the introduction serves as a roadmap for the study. It outlines the research questions and hypotheses, providing clarity on what the paper aims to achieve.

Here's an example of how an academic introduction could begin:

"This study examines the underexplored impact of social media on language acquisition among teenagers."

By stating the specific focus of the research, the introduction sets clear expectations for readers and highlights the significance of the study.

Each example shows how introductions are tailored to different types of content, making them relevant and enticing enough to keep readers engaged.

AI-Powered Natural Language Processing: The Secret Sauce Behind High-Quality Introductions

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the foundation of modern introduction generators like Junia AI. One of the main AI technologies driving these tools is Natural Language Processing (NLP). NLP enables software to comprehend, analyze, and produce human language in a meaningful way . It's what enables an Introduction Generator to generate introductions that are relevant to the context and interesting to readers.

How NLP Works in an Introduction Generator

When you enter your title or topic into an Introduction Generator, the NLP technology goes to work. It examines the input, grasps its meaning, and generates an introduction that fits the topic. This ensures that your introductions are not just generic paragraphs but tailored pieces designed to capture your reader’s interest right from the start.

Continuous Improvement with Machine Learning

Another layer of complexity comes with Machine Learning (ML), another part of AI. With ML algorithms, introduction generators go beyond content creation; they learn from it. These algorithms identify patterns and constantly enhance the quality of generated introductions based on real-time feedback. This means that over time, these tools become better at creating high-quality introductions that are customized to your specific requirements.

In essence, it's this combination of AI’s Natural Language Processing and Machine Learning capabilities that make introduction generators such invaluable tools for content creators. They don't just save time; they elevate the quality of your written work by ensuring each piece begins with a compelling introduction.

Advantages of Using an Introduction Generator like Junia AI

When you use an Introduction Generator like Junia AI, it offers more than just convenience. Here are the main benefits that can improve your writing process:

  • Time Efficiency : As a writer or content creator, every minute counts. Junia AI's Introduction Generator quickly creates introductions, saving you valuable time. This allows you to focus more on researching, writing, and improving the main content, which is crucial for depth and detail.
  • Improved Quality and Professionalism : An introduction is a crucial part that sets the tone for your entire piece. Junia AI makes sure this first impression is polished and professional. The introductions generated are not only interesting but also customized to match the quality you aim for in your writing.
  • Higher Reader Engagement : The right opening can grab your audience's attention right away. With well-written openings provided by Junia AI, readers are more likely to stay interested in your content, leading to better retention rates and overall satisfaction.
  • Boosted Creativity and Idea Generation : Sometimes, starting is the most difficult part. Junia AI acts as a partner in brainstorming, giving you a base on which ideas can develop. It sparks creativity by suggesting different angles and perspectives you might not have thought of before.

By incorporating these benefits into your workflow, Junia AI's Introduction Generator becomes more than just a tool; it's a collaborator that improves the quality of your content while making your creative process smoother.

Tips for Using Introduction Generators Effectively

Using an Introduction Generator can be a game-changer in your content creation process, but it's crucial to use these tools effectively to get the most out of them.

1. Customize the Output

The first rule of thumb is to treat the output from an introduction generator as a starting point for customization . Don't see it as the final product. These tools are meant to give you a strong foundation that you can then modify and adapt to your own style and the specific needs of your audience. Remember, automated tools can't fully replicate human creativity and nuanced understanding of context, so adding your personal touch is essential .

2. Review and Edit Carefully

To ensure consistency with the rest of your content, take an active role in proofreading and editing the generated introductions. Pay attention to:

  • Consistency in tone and style throughout the text.
  • Relevance and alignment with the main body of content.
  • Clarity of message and avoidance of ambiguity.
  • Readability - read the introduction aloud to assess its flow and readability. Make any necessary adjustments to enhance the overall coherence and impact.

By doing this, you can maintain a smooth flow of information and keep your readers interested from start to finish.

Incorporating these practices in your writing routine can help you make the most of introduction generators and improve your content overall.

Choosing the Right Introduction Generator for Your Needs

Selecting the ideal Introduction Generator for your writing projects involves careful consideration of several factors. You need a tool that not only streamlines your workflow but also aligns with your content goals and quality standards. Here are key criteria to evaluate:

1. Accuracy and Relevance

Ensure the generator produces introductions that accurately reflect your topic and resonate with your target audience.

2. Customization Options

Look for tools offering customization features, allowing you to tailor the output to your voice and style preferences.

3. Ease of Use

A user-friendly interface is crucial for a seamless experience. Opt for generators that simplify the creative process with intuitive controls.

4. Output Quality

The best introduction generators provide well-structured, coherent, and engaging content that requires minimal editing.

5. Feedback Incorporation

Choose a generator capable of learning from user feedback, thus improving over time.

6. Support and Resources

Consider whether there's quality customer support and resources like tutorials or community forums.

Given these criteria, Junia AI's Introduction Generator stands out as a top choice for writers. It is renowned for its:

  • High-quality output that often surpasses expectations
  • Advanced AI technology ensuring relevance and coherence
  • Positive user reviews attesting to its effectiveness
  • Robust feature set catering to a diverse range of writing needs

Writers seeking an edge in crafting compelling introductions will find Junia AI to be an invaluable asset in their toolkit.

Using AI technology like Junia AI's Introduction Generator can greatly enhance your ability to create effective introductions. Here's why it's worth considering:

  • Efficiency : These tools make writing introductions faster and easier.
  • Quality : With machine learning algorithms, the intros you generate will continuously improve, sounding more professional and polished.
  • Engagement : Well-crafted introductions grab readers' attention and make them more likely to continue reading.

By using Junia AI's Introduction Generator, you can experience these benefits for yourself. This tool demonstrates how AI can transform the writing process, providing a valuable resource for writers who want to captivate their audience from the very beginning.

Give it a try and discover how AI can revolutionize your approach to writing!

Frequently asked questions

  • What is an Introduction Generator? An Introduction Generator is a groundbreaking tool that helps in creating engaging and impactful introductions for various types of content using AI technology.
  • What is the role of introductions in different types of content? Introductions serve as the front door of your content, setting the tone and capturing the audience's attention. They are essential for essays, blogs, novels, business proposals, academic research papers, and more.
  • How does an AI Introduction Generator work? An AI Introduction Generator works by using Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Machine Learning (ML) technologies to analyze the input, understand its meaning, and generate contextually relevant and engaging introductions for various types of content.
  • What are some reasons to choose Junia AI's AI Introduction Generator? Junia AI's AI Introduction Generator offers time efficiency, improved quality and professionalism, higher reader engagement, and boosted creativity and idea generation. It is a valuable tool for content creators looking to enhance their writing process.

Introduction Generator

Create captivating and attention-grabbing introductions effortlessly with our AI-powered introduction generator.

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Crafting Perfect Openings with Ease

Are you tired of staring at a blank screen and struggling to come up with the perfect introduction for your blog posts, articles, or essays? Look no further! Our Introduction Generator tool is here to revolutionize how you start your written pieces. Say goodbye to writer’s block and hello to engaging, attention-grabbing introductions effortlessly.

The Importance of a Solid Introduction

An introduction serves as a handshake between the writer and the reader. It needs to be firm, warm, and inviting, hinting at the richness of the content that follows. A well-written introduction:

  • Engages the Reader: It piques their curiosity, making them want to read further.
  • Sets the Tone: Whether it’s serious, humorous, or somewhere in between, the intro sets the mood.
  • Provides Context: It prepares the reader for what they’re about to delve into.
  • Establishes Credibility: Written professionally lends authority to the writer’s voice.

Challenges Writers Face with Introductions

Many writers, both novice and seasoned, grapple with introductions. The key challenges they face include:

  • Striking the right balance between being informative and engaging.
  • Deciding how much background information to include.
  • Avoiding cliches and creating an original hook.
  • Ensuring that the introduction aligns with the main body of content.

How the Introduction Generator Comes to the Rescue

Enter the Introduction Generator – a tool designed to simplify the process and enhance the quality of your introductions. Here’s what makes it stand out:

  • User-Friendly Interface: Just input your topic; the tool will craft a tailored introduction for you.
  • Versatile: Suitable for a wide array of topics and writing styles.
  • Time-Saving: No more hours spent rewriting and tweaking your opening paragraph.
  • AI-Powered: Harnessing the power of advanced algorithms, our tool ensures that every introduction is unique and optimized for engagement.

How It Works

Using our Introduction Generator is a breeze. Here’s a step-by-step guide to get you started:

Step 1: Choose Your Topic Begin by providing the tool with your topic or keyword. Whether you have a broad subject in mind or a specific niche, our tool can adapt to your needs.

Step 2: Let the Magic Happen Once you’ve entered your topic, click the “Generate Introduction” button and watch as our tool works its magic. In just seconds, you’ll be presented with a well-crafted introduction that you can use as-is or as a starting point for further refinement.

Step 3: Customize and Personalize. Feel free to customize the generated introduction to suit your unique style and tone. Add your own voice, insert additional information, or make any necessary adjustments to make it truly yours.

Why Choose Our Introduction Generator?

  • Save Time : Writing a captivating introduction can be time-consuming. Our tool streamlines the process, giving you more time to focus on the core content of your piece.
  • Eliminate Writer’s Block : Don’t let writer’s block hold you back. Our Introduction Generator provides instant inspiration and helps you overcome creative obstacles.
  • Consistency : Maintain a consistent quality of introductions across all your articles, ensuring that every piece starts strong.
  • Versatility : Whether you’re a blogger, journalist, student, or professional, our tool adapts to your writing needs.

Tips for Writing a Great Introduction

In addition to using our Introduction Generator tool, here are some valuable tips to keep in mind when crafting introductions for your content:

1. Know Your Audience : Understand who your readers are and what they’re looking for. Tailor your introduction to their interests and needs.

2. Start with a Hook : Begin your introduction with a hook that grabs the reader’s attention. This can be a compelling fact, a thought-provoking question, or a powerful quote.

3. Provide Context : Give your readers some context for what they’re about to read. Explain the relevance of your topic and why it matters.

4. Be Concise : Keep your introduction concise and to the point. Avoid unnecessary fluff or information that doesn’t directly relate to your main topic.

5. Preview the Content : Give readers a preview of what to expect in the rest of your article. Outline the main points or arguments you’ll be covering.

6. Revise and Polish : Don’t settle for your first draft. Take the time to revise and polish your introduction to make it as compelling as possible.

Get Started Today

Say farewell to writer’s block and hello to captivating introductions. Your audience will thank you, and your writing will shine brighter than ever before. Unlock the power of the perfect introduction with our Introduction Generator tool – your secret weapon for writing success

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Want to level up your content game? Get started today with 2000 monthly free credit.

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Thesis Maker for Your Research Introduction

Even though some studies show that school uniform’s adoption improves students’ performance, school uniform should not be adopted at schools because it limits students’ individuality, it is a burden for low-income families, and it restricts students’ physical activity.

Whereas some studies show that school uniform’s adoption improves students’ performance, school uniform should not be adopted at schools given that it limits students’ individuality, it is a burden for low-income families, and it restricts students’ physical activity.

Looking for a thesis maker for a research introduction? Try this generator! Our free thesis statement maker will create a flawless thesis sentence for your essay or research paper.

Most likely, any paper you will write in an academic field will require a thesis statement. It is a sentence that provides the primary purpose of the text and helps control the logical flow of ideas. It often might reflect an opinion or judgment that the author has made about the topic.

Formulating a clear position for an essay or research paper might come off as a challenge. The good thing is that there are many ways to get help, such as using a thesis statement maker.

To start using a thesis generator, do the following:

  • write the main idea of your paper;
  • list arguments with evidence;
  • add counterarguments.

Just type all the information in and generate your thesis.

In this article, our team has collected tips for writing a thesis statement for different papers. You will also learn how to compose them for different paper types.

  • ️👎 7 Thesis Mistakes

✒️ Argumentative Essay

✒️ analytical essay, ✒️ expository essay, ✒️ research paper.

  • ️❓ Thesis Maker FAQ
  • ️📍 References

👎 7 Mistakes You Can Make in a Thesis

The key benefit of our thesis statement generator is that it certainly can give you a little inspiration to get started. It saves you time and energy, creates grammatically correct sentences, and it’s available all the time.

You have to compose a considerable number of such statements during your studies. Unfortunately, you won’t always have an online generator for it. To ease your writing process, we have collected the mistakes students tend to make.

Here is the list of things to avoid while writing a thesis statement:

1️⃣ Forgetting about stating a purpose.

If you formulate your thesis statement without an objective, it will be impossible to find focus or arguments for the paper’s body. Your thesis should guide your reader, showing what’s to wait from the paper’s body.

❌ Bad Thesis: Everyone should eat healthy food.

✔️ Good Thesis: Americans should adopt a healthy diet, as it not only helps them look and feel better but prolongs their lives.

2️⃣ Making your thesis too complicated.

Too long or wordy statement weakens the argument you’re trying to make. Plus, the excessive wordiness might confuse your readers and worsen the overall impression.

❌ Bad Thesis: Medical workers are a critical component of any health system, and, unfortunately, they don’t make a substantial amount of money, as they are helping to fight against the coronavirus, work long hours, and often are at a higher risk.

✔️ Good Thesis: Medical workers should have a higher compensation, as they provide great help in fighting the coronavirus pandemic.

3️⃣ Lacking clearance in your writing.

A vague thesis statement or strange wording will most likely confuse your audience. Narrowing down the topic and using straightforward language will help state a clear central idea.

❌ Bad Thesis: The Internet has benefited the lives of many people.

✔️ Good Thesis: The Internet is an excellent tool for connecting people worldwide, searching for information, and exchanging ideas.

4️⃣ Using simple or inappropriate language.

While slang, abbreviations, or poor spelling in your personal texts is okay, you cannot use them in academic writing. State your main idea in professional language.

❌ Bad Thesis: The doctors should arrive ASAP, ‘cause it might cost someone’s life.

✔️ Good Thesis: The fast arrival of medical workers is crucial, as someone’s life might depend on their help.

5️⃣ Making obvious statements.

Your essay writing skills should progress as you move through school or college. The thesis statement for your academic writing should be specific and refined, without obvious claims or observations.

❌ Bad Thesis: In this essay, I will discuss the importance of physical exercises.

✔️ Good Thesis: People should consider adding physical exercises to their daily routine because it keeps their bodies healthy and reduces the risks of high blood pressure.

6️⃣ Never thinking about your audience.

Naturally, a good thesis statement is created for the reader’s understanding. You have to be careful not to develop a topic of interest directed solely at yourself. Try thinking about whether your readers will care about the issue you’re discussing.

❌ Bad Thesis: I think that tattoos are cool.

✔️ Good Thesis: People should be allowed to express themselves by making tattoos of any kind.

7️⃣ Lacking connection with the arguments.

Your paper needs to be coherent, so your introduction has to influence both the body and the conclusion. When writing your thesis statement, make sure you looked for arguments and evidence that correspond to it.

📝 Key Types of Thesis Statements

To start the thesis writing, you also need to consider the type of paper you have to compose. In the following sections, we will briefly discuss the major ones, and you’ll see how they affect the thesis statement.

Realizing the differences, you can safely use our thesis statement maker as you will know what to look for during revision.

The key academic writing types are as follows:

  • An analytical paper separates the idea or thought into several segments, assesses the issue or thought, and presents it to the reader.
  • An expository paper provides an explanation of something to the audience.
  • An argumentative paper makes a claim and supports it with evidence. Its goal is to persuade the reader that the statement is valid based on the evidence.

It is one of the most common essay types that you will deal with while studying. Accordingly, you need to be able to formulate a statement without a thesis maker.

For an argumentative essay’s thesis, start with developing the central idea. Then, you have to prepare several strong arguments and at least one counterargument. You should state your point and support it with specific evidence. However, you might only give a hint or small preview of your proof to the reader.

People should use smartphones less, as they negatively affect the quality of sleep and overall well-being.

Professors assign this type of essay when they want you to analyze a specific topic. Therefore, you need to know how to coherently formulate your topic sentence for an analytical paper without a thesis statement tool.

In such essays, you are expected to break down a topic and analyze it. Accordingly, a thesis statement should present:

  • a subject that you will explore,
  • how you’ll do it.

Since the essay’s subject might be changed while writing, you can come back to review or rewrite your thesis statement.

Global warming is considered to affect a decrease in biodiversity.

This type requires an author to investigate the idea and describe it to the reader concisely. You will regularly deal with such tasks during exams. So, you’ll have to create a thesis statement for an expository essay without a specific tool.

As you may have judged from the title, an expository essay “exposes” the reader to the topic. It informs the audience about specific details and the meaning of the subject. The thesis statement provides the aspects of the topic discussed in the order they are listed.

Bullying in educational institutions is one of the significant reasons for physical, social, and emotional issues.

At least several times in your journey of academic writing, you’ll be required to write a research paper. It’s a vital part of studying both in school and college, so you have to learn its requirements by heart.

To write a thesis statement for a research paper, you should start with a question. Expressing the central idea, you should answer the question based on the research you have conducted. Also, you are expected to define the paper’s topic and evaluate some of its aspects.

While some people don’t agree that politicians should be paid the median wage, the same amount of payments shows the equality between all citizens in the country.

Thank you for reading this article! We hope you found it useful. Take advantage of our thesis maker and send it to your peers who might need it.

❓ Thesis Maker FAQ

How long is a thesis statement.

A thesis statement is one sentence located in the last paragraph of a paper introduction. If your argument is complex, you might want to make this sentence quite long.

What is a working thesis?

A working thesis statement is the first version of the thesis you use while conducting your research. The structure of your working thesis is similar to that of the final one. It includes the research subject and the position that you are taking.

What is the purpose of a thesis?

The main purpose of a thesis statement is to present your research in a very concise way. Your thesis should explain the focus of your study and provide a clear and specific argument about it so that the reader would know what to expect from the paper.

How to write a killer thesis statement?

The easiest way to create a killer thesis statement quickly is to use the thesis maker above on this page. You'll need to look at the examples, add the required information, and enjoy the result. Note that our tool can create a tailor-made thesis statement for any type of essay.

📍 References

  • Thesis Generator - SUNY Empire State College
  • How to Write a Thesis Statement – Writing Guides, Indiana University, Bloomington
  • Thesis Statement Examples – Kit Kittelstad, Your Dictionary
  • Thesis and Purpose Statements – The Writing Center, the University of Wisconsin–Madison
  • Tips on Writing a Thesis Statement – Writing Center, Gustavus Adolphus College
  • Creating a Thesis Statement, Thesis Statement Tips – Purdue Online Writing Lab, the College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University
  • Call to +1 844 889-9952

Research Introduction Generator Free

How to make a research introduction? Find the answer here! With this research introduction generator, a free online tool, you’ll make a perfect intro easily.

Writing an introduction to any piece of academic content is an art in itself. You need to cover many elements in a single paragraph, follow a precise algorithm of components’ positioning, and create a sense of urgency and significance for your research subject. Yet, some students get stuck with this task and find it hard to encapsulate all these elements in one section. With our introduction maker, research won’t be that hard. Read on to find out how to benefit from this automated instrument.

  • 🤔 Is It Worth Using the Tool?

📝 What Is a Research Introduction?

  • 🖊️ How to Make It Step by Step
  • 👀 Introduction Examples

🔗 References

🤔 introduction maker: is it worth using it.

Our research introduction generator, free and convenient in use, can benefit any student, researcher, or journalist in a variety of academic tasks.

Here are its key advantages:

The introduction is the opening part of your study that states the broad sphere of your research interest and then leads the readers from the general background to a more specific subject within that context.

It serves as a transition from the general to the particular and ends with a condensed vision of why your study topic is significant and should be explored.

Why Is an Introduction Important in Research?

The research introduction is important because:

  • It is an opening part that welcomes the readers to your research and helps them look around, understanding what will follow.
  • It is an example of your analytical skills and critical thinking.
  • It displays your content organization skills and shows how well you can create an impression on the readers.
  • It engages the readers by explaining what the paper will be about and why it is worth reading.

🖊️ How to Make a Research Introduction Step by Step

Starting an essay or research paper can become much more straightforward if you follow a simple, tried and tested algorithm.

Here are the main steps separating you from a good-looking, readable intro that meets your professor’s requirements.

Step 1: Introduce the Research Topic

The first sentence or two are critically important, as they can make or break the readers’ impression of your paper. Thus, it’s vital to grab their attention and gauge their interest in reading on.

A handy tool for achieving this effect is a hook – you can resort to a quote, a striking fact, or an interesting statistical figure to break the ice and engage the reader.

America’s quantitative and qualitative dominance in the global geopolitical arena has for a long time been unchallenged.

Step 2: Add the Background

Now, it’s time to add more details to the subject you’ve delineated in the opening sentences. It’s vital to make a consistent argument here and give facts, figures, and evidence that will solidify your opening statement, thus forming a solid ground for the next part – the problem statement .

Yet, the propriety of financial expenditures on 750+ military bases in over 80 countries has faced a new wave of skepticism amid the recent U.S. debt ceiling discussion.

Step 3: Describe the Problem

After you’ve presented the topic and the background of the study to your audience, it’s time to explain in more detail why it is a problem and why this subject is worth taking a deeper look into. Here, you need to move to a more precise discussion of the problem and formulate it concisely, supported by external evidence.

The main concern of Republicans, ardent opponents of the U.S. debt ceiling’s raise , is that the USA spends too much money on supporting its vast military complex instead of attending to more urgent internal economic problems. The military budget for 2024 constituted $842 billion, with the mounting debt of $31.4 trillion signaling a systemic problem in budgetary funds’ allocation. 

Step 4: Map out the Content

Once you have detailed the problem and shown its scale and magnitude, it’s time to create a roadmap for the readers to understand from which angles you plan to approach this subject in your further analysis. This part is structured as a concise thesis statement that guides readers as a roadmap of content.

This paper examines the causes of U .S. debt’s rise in the past decade and takes a closer look at the currently discussed options for the trend’s reversal, as well as a gloomier scenario of further debt worsening and its political and economic implications.

If you lack inspiration or time to formulate a thesis statement by yourself, check the free thesis generator we’ve developed.

👀 Research Introduction Examples

Let’s look at how you can spoil the readers’ first impression.

❌ Here is a bad example of structuring an introductory part:

Modernization theory is an approach in Political Science that explains how developing countries progress to a more developed state. It argues that the process takes place under the influence of various factors in the social, governmental, and economic domain s , as well as international impacts. A separate role is given to the government, which directs and oversees the process but should avoid power abuse. The main instruments for assessing modernization in this theory are GNP, purchasing parity, living standards, industrialization, and the like; these criteria allow researchers to determine the extent to which a specific state has attained modernization progress. This paper examines the theory and focuses on its main points to see how it informs Political Science.  

Why is this intro not that good? Here are a couple of points to consider:

  • The opening sentence is abrupt, and there is no smooth introduction to the topic.
  • There is no clear thesis statement – the reader is left wondering what exactly the paper will be about.

✅ Now, here is an option for fixing everything and making your intro stand out:

The world is divided into developed and developing countries; yet, most third-world countries are not doomed to inferiority as they progress and modernize with time. One of the Political Science instruments developed to conceptualize and measure the pace of modernization is the Modernization theory. It is a family of theories, some of which date back to the ideas of Karl Marx and others link modernization in developing states with democracies (Larry Diamond, Seymour Marin Lipset , and Juan Linz) or economic progress (Halfdan T. Mahler, Samuel P. Huntington). This paper examines the arguments of each theoretical school within modernization theory on applied cases to determine the most livable explanation for developing states’ progression.  

This introduction looks much better, as it:

  • Presents the general concept of developing countries’ progress in the first sentence.
  • Introduces the Modernization theory as a more precise context discussion.
  • Formulates a thesis statement based on the data provided in the introductory part.

Thank you for devoting your time to our article.

We hope that you found the tool and the information useful. Don’t forget to share this link with your friends and check out the FAQ section below.

❓ Introduction Maker FAQ

❓ what to include in introduction of research paper.

Any introduction should contain a concise presentation of the research subject you’re planning to explore in this paper. It should move from the general to the specific to ensure that readers follow your points and embrace your problem’s significance. The final part of the introduction is the thesis statement – the main idea you want to argue with evidence.   

❓ How to write a good introduction for a research paper?

A good introduction should be well-organized and consistent. You should move gradually from a more general introduction of the context to a more specific discussion of a particular aspect that concerns you. This section’s organization, clarity, and good writing style make a winning combination and urge the readers to continue exploring your text.   

❓ How long is an introduction in a research paper?

As a rule, an introduction should be one paragraph long, which is true for essays and standard research papers. However, if your research paper is 2,000-3,000 words long, it may start with an introductory section with several paragraphs. A rule of thumb is to allocate 10% of your word count to the introductory part.   

❓ How to write a thesis introduction paragraph?

A thesis is a longer work that may take 10,000+ words to complete. Thus, it usually requires an extended introductory section for several pages. In this part, you need to make a general introduction of your context and background, then dedicate several paragraphs to arguing your problem’s significance, and end with a thesis statement section with a detailed description of the general idea and sub-ideas you are planning to examine. This part may also include the research question, goals, and objectives to set the scene for further sections.   

Updated: Apr 5th, 2024

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Thesis Introduction Generator

Have you ever struggled with crafting a compelling introduction for your thesis? If so, our free thesis introduction generator is here to help. This tool is designed to assist students in creating a solid and impactful introduction that effectively outlines the purpose and scope of their research. Keep on reading to learn more about the thesis introduction maker.

  • Why Use the Tool

Thesis Introduction Structure

  • How to Make a Thesis Introduction
  • Introduction Prompts

Thesis Introduction Generator: Why Use It?

The thesis introduction is important because it sets the tone for the entire paper and provides readers with a roadmap. What makes a good thesis introduction is relevant background information on the topic and a carefully formulated thesis statement . It is the first opportunity for you to make a strong impression and establish the credibility of your work.

If you want to save time and effort when creating a compelling introduction, try our online tool. Check out the benefits that make the dissertation introduction generator so popular among students.

If you're unsure how to start your thesis, you should first understand the structure of the introduction. The format of a thesis introduction is generally consistent across all papers. However, it's crucial to adhere to any specific guidelines provided by your professor on structuring a thesis introduction.

Here's a thesis introduction template that you can use for your paper.

How to Make a Good Thesis Introduction

A compelling thesis introduction is crucial for setting the stage for your research and capturing the reader's attention. Here's a detailed guide on how to write a thesis introduction:

  • Understand your purpose . Before you begin writing your thesis, it's essential to have a clear picture of your research question and its importance. Consider how your study can be significant for your population of interest, a particular policy, etc.
  • Start with an attention-grabbing statement . One common approach to starting a thesis introduction is to share the most demonstrative examples from your data collection or to include an anecdote proving the significance of your topic.
  • Provide background information . Give context about your topic. Briefly review the key theories you based your study upon or outline key drawbacks or limitations in existing empirical evidence on your question.
  • State the problem and research question . Clearly articulate the problem and research questions that your thesis aims to address. This sets the foundation for your study and demonstrates the significance of your research.
  • Outline the methodology . Briefly describe the methods you used to collect and analyze data.
  • Discuss the significance of the study . Explain the potential implications of your research. Discuss how your study will contribute to the field and why it's important.
  • Define key terms . Clarify any concepts that may be unfamiliar to the reader. This will prevent any confusion as the reader progresses through your thesis.
  • Review and edit . Pay attention to clarity, conciseness, and coherence , and make sure every element of your introduction contributes to your purpose.

It's important to note that not all of these steps may be necessary for every thesis, and the order in which they are presented may differ depending on your research.

What to Write in a Thesis Introduction: Sample Prompts

To help you get started, here are some prompts to consider when writing your thesis introduction.

Study Habits Thesis Introduction

Here are some ideas to include in your introduction for a thesis about study habits:

  • Significance of study habits in academic success.
  • Factors influencing study habits : environment, motivation, and time management.
  • Potential learning outcomes of improved study habits: higher grades and better retention of information.
  • Importance of understanding study habits for educators to support students in developing effective study skills.
  • Impact of study habits on overall student well-being and future success.

The purpose of this thesis might be to investigate and analyze the impact of study habits on academic performance, with a particular focus on understanding the correlation between effective study techniques and academic achievement.

Library System Thesis Introduction

For your inspiration, we collected some introduction prompts for a thesis about the library system:

  • Evolution of library systems from traditional card catalogs to digital databases and online catalogs.
  • Technological influence on library systems , such as the digitization of library resources.
  • User-centric approach to designing library systems, focusing on user experience and accessibility.
  • The role of library systems in knowledge dissemination and academic research, including providing access to a wide range of resources and fostering information literacy .

The purpose of this thesis might be to examine the design, implementation, and effectiveness of a modern library system within educational institutions or public settings.

Poverty Thesis Introduction

Consider these points when writing an introduction for a thesis on the phenomenon of poverty:

  • The definition of poverty and its different dimensions (economic, social, and political);
  • Causes of poverty : lack of education, unemployment, discrimination, and economic policies;
  • Effects of poverty : poor health outcomes, limited access to education, and increased vulnerability to crime.
  • The link between poverty and inequality and how poverty can perpetuate and exacerbate existing social and economic disparities.
  • Existing strategies for poverty reduction : government assistance programs, education and skills training initiatives, and community development projects.

The purpose of this thesis might be to critically analyze the multifaceted and pervasive issue of poverty, focusing on the socio-economic, political, and cultural factors that contribute to its persistence.

Same Sex Marriage Thesis Introduction

If you decide to write a thesis on the burning topic of same-sex marriage, don't miss out on these introduction prompts:

  • Historical context : evolution of societal attitudes towards same-sex relationships and marriage, including changes in societal acceptance and legal recognition.
  • Legal landscape : an overview of the legal status of same-sex marriage in different countries and regions, including landmark court cases and legislative changes.
  • Social and cultural impact : the influence of recognition of same-sex marriages on societal norms, attitudes, and perceptions of LGBTQ+ individuals;
  • Implications for human rights and equality : the importance of recognizing same-sex marriages as a matter of human rights and equality under the law.

The purpose of this thesis might be to examine the social, legal, and cultural implications of same-sex marriage within contemporary societies.

Thesis Introduction Maker: FAQ

What to write in the introduction of a thesis.

In the thesis introduction, it is essential to provide an overview of the research topic and its significance. This section should also outline the study's purpose and briefly explain the research methodology. Additionally, the introduction should establish the topic's context and background and highlight gaps in existing literature.

What should a thesis introduction include?

A thesis introduction should include:

  • Problem statement that outlines the issue being addressed;
  • The theoretical framework of the study;
  • The purpose of the research;
  • Specific research questions to be answered;
  • The significance of the study;
  • Definitions of key terms used in the thesis.

How to start your thesis introduction?

To start your essay or thesis introduction, grab your reader's attention right from the beginning. You can do this by opening with a thought-provoking question, a shocking statistic, or a brief anecdote related to your topic. It is also helpful to provide some background information on the subject and explain the overall purpose of your thesis.

How long should the thesis introduction be?

The thesis introduction should be around 10% of the total word count. So, for a typical 15,000 to 20,000-word thesis, the introduction should be 1,500-2,000 words or 5-7 double-spaced pages. If you are unsure about the length of your thesis introduction, it's best to consult your professor or thesis advisor.

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Get science-backed answers as you write with Paperpal's Research feature

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction (with Examples)

How to Write a Research Paper Introduction (with Examples)

The research paper introduction section, along with the Title and Abstract, can be considered the face of any research paper. The following article is intended to guide you in organizing and writing the research paper introduction for a quality academic article or dissertation.

The research paper introduction aims to present the topic to the reader. A study will only be accepted for publishing if you can ascertain that the available literature cannot answer your research question. So it is important to ensure that you have read important studies on that particular topic, especially those within the last five to ten years, and that they are properly referenced in this section. 1 What should be included in the research paper introduction is decided by what you want to tell readers about the reason behind the research and how you plan to fill the knowledge gap. The best research paper introduction provides a systemic review of existing work and demonstrates additional work that needs to be done. It needs to be brief, captivating, and well-referenced; a well-drafted research paper introduction will help the researcher win half the battle.

The introduction for a research paper is where you set up your topic and approach for the reader. It has several key goals:

  • Present your research topic
  • Capture reader interest
  • Summarize existing research
  • Position your own approach
  • Define your specific research problem and problem statement
  • Highlight the novelty and contributions of the study
  • Give an overview of the paper’s structure

The research paper introduction can vary in size and structure depending on whether your paper presents the results of original empirical research or is a review paper. Some research paper introduction examples are only half a page while others are a few pages long. In many cases, the introduction will be shorter than all of the other sections of your paper; its length depends on the size of your paper as a whole.

  • Break through writer’s block. Write your research paper introduction with Paperpal Copilot

Table of Contents

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The introduction in a research paper is placed at the beginning to guide the reader from a broad subject area to the specific topic that your research addresses. They present the following information to the reader

  • Scope: The topic covered in the research paper
  • Context: Background of your topic
  • Importance: Why your research matters in that particular area of research and the industry problem that can be targeted

The research paper introduction conveys a lot of information and can be considered an essential roadmap for the rest of your paper. A good introduction for a research paper is important for the following reasons:

  • It stimulates your reader’s interest: A good introduction section can make your readers want to read your paper by capturing their interest. It informs the reader what they are going to learn and helps determine if the topic is of interest to them.
  • It helps the reader understand the research background: Without a clear introduction, your readers may feel confused and even struggle when reading your paper. A good research paper introduction will prepare them for the in-depth research to come. It provides you the opportunity to engage with the readers and demonstrate your knowledge and authority on the specific topic.
  • It explains why your research paper is worth reading: Your introduction can convey a lot of information to your readers. It introduces the topic, why the topic is important, and how you plan to proceed with your research.
  • It helps guide the reader through the rest of the paper: The research paper introduction gives the reader a sense of the nature of the information that will support your arguments and the general organization of the paragraphs that will follow. It offers an overview of what to expect when reading the main body of your paper.

What are the parts of introduction in the research?

A good research paper introduction section should comprise three main elements: 2

  • What is known: This sets the stage for your research. It informs the readers of what is known on the subject.
  • What is lacking: This is aimed at justifying the reason for carrying out your research. This could involve investigating a new concept or method or building upon previous research.
  • What you aim to do: This part briefly states the objectives of your research and its major contributions. Your detailed hypothesis will also form a part of this section.

How to write a research paper introduction?

The first step in writing the research paper introduction is to inform the reader what your topic is and why it’s interesting or important. This is generally accomplished with a strong opening statement. The second step involves establishing the kinds of research that have been done and ending with limitations or gaps in the research that you intend to address. Finally, the research paper introduction clarifies how your own research fits in and what problem it addresses. If your research involved testing hypotheses, these should be stated along with your research question. The hypothesis should be presented in the past tense since it will have been tested by the time you are writing the research paper introduction.

The following key points, with examples, can guide you when writing the research paper introduction section:

  • Highlight the importance of the research field or topic
  • Describe the background of the topic
  • Present an overview of current research on the topic

Example: The inclusion of experiential and competency-based learning has benefitted electronics engineering education. Industry partnerships provide an excellent alternative for students wanting to engage in solving real-world challenges. Industry-academia participation has grown in recent years due to the need for skilled engineers with practical training and specialized expertise. However, from the educational perspective, many activities are needed to incorporate sustainable development goals into the university curricula and consolidate learning innovation in universities.

  • Reveal a gap in existing research or oppose an existing assumption
  • Formulate the research question

Example: There have been plausible efforts to integrate educational activities in higher education electronics engineering programs. However, very few studies have considered using educational research methods for performance evaluation of competency-based higher engineering education, with a focus on technical and or transversal skills. To remedy the current need for evaluating competencies in STEM fields and providing sustainable development goals in engineering education, in this study, a comparison was drawn between study groups without and with industry partners.

  • State the purpose of your study
  • Highlight the key characteristics of your study
  • Describe important results
  • Highlight the novelty of the study.
  • Offer a brief overview of the structure of the paper.

Example: The study evaluates the main competency needed in the applied electronics course, which is a fundamental core subject for many electronics engineering undergraduate programs. We compared two groups, without and with an industrial partner, that offered real-world projects to solve during the semester. This comparison can help determine significant differences in both groups in terms of developing subject competency and achieving sustainable development goals.

Write a Research Paper Introduction in Minutes with Paperpal

Paperpal Copilot is a generative AI-powered academic writing assistant. It’s trained on millions of published scholarly articles and over 20 years of STM experience. Paperpal Copilot helps authors write better and faster with:

  • Real-time writing suggestions
  • In-depth checks for language and grammar correction
  • Paraphrasing to add variety, ensure academic tone, and trim text to meet journal limits

With Paperpal Copilot, create a research paper introduction effortlessly. In this step-by-step guide, we’ll walk you through how Paperpal transforms your initial ideas into a polished and publication-ready introduction.

research paper introduction generator

How to use Paperpal to write the Introduction section

Step 1: Sign up on Paperpal and click on the Copilot feature, under this choose Outlines > Research Article > Introduction

Step 2: Add your unstructured notes or initial draft, whether in English or another language, to Paperpal, which is to be used as the base for your content.

Step 3: Fill in the specifics, such as your field of study, brief description or details you want to include, which will help the AI generate the outline for your Introduction.

Step 4: Use this outline and sentence suggestions to develop your content, adding citations where needed and modifying it to align with your specific research focus.

Step 5: Turn to Paperpal’s granular language checks to refine your content, tailor it to reflect your personal writing style, and ensure it effectively conveys your message.

You can use the same process to develop each section of your article, and finally your research paper in half the time and without any of the stress.

The purpose of the research paper introduction is to introduce the reader to the problem definition, justify the need for the study, and describe the main theme of the study. The aim is to gain the reader’s attention by providing them with necessary background information and establishing the main purpose and direction of the research.

The length of the research paper introduction can vary across journals and disciplines. While there are no strict word limits for writing the research paper introduction, an ideal length would be one page, with a maximum of 400 words over 1-4 paragraphs. Generally, it is one of the shorter sections of the paper as the reader is assumed to have at least a reasonable knowledge about the topic. 2 For example, for a study evaluating the role of building design in ensuring fire safety, there is no need to discuss definitions and nature of fire in the introduction; you could start by commenting upon the existing practices for fire safety and how your study will add to the existing knowledge and practice.

When deciding what to include in the research paper introduction, the rest of the paper should also be considered. The aim is to introduce the reader smoothly to the topic and facilitate an easy read without much dependency on external sources. 3 Below is a list of elements you can include to prepare a research paper introduction outline and follow it when you are writing the research paper introduction. Topic introduction: This can include key definitions and a brief history of the topic. Research context and background: Offer the readers some general information and then narrow it down to specific aspects. Details of the research you conducted: A brief literature review can be included to support your arguments or line of thought. Rationale for the study: This establishes the relevance of your study and establishes its importance. Importance of your research: The main contributions are highlighted to help establish the novelty of your study Research hypothesis: Introduce your research question and propose an expected outcome. Organization of the paper: Include a short paragraph of 3-4 sentences that highlights your plan for the entire paper

Cite only works that are most relevant to your topic; as a general rule, you can include one to three. Note that readers want to see evidence of original thinking. So it is better to avoid using too many references as it does not leave much room for your personal standpoint to shine through. Citations in your research paper introduction support the key points, and the number of citations depend on the subject matter and the point discussed. If the research paper introduction is too long or overflowing with citations, it is better to cite a few review articles rather than the individual articles summarized in the review. A good point to remember when citing research papers in the introduction section is to include at least one-third of the references in the introduction.

The literature review plays a significant role in the research paper introduction section. A good literature review accomplishes the following: Introduces the topic – Establishes the study’s significance – Provides an overview of the relevant literature – Provides context for the study using literature – Identifies knowledge gaps However, remember to avoid making the following mistakes when writing a research paper introduction: Do not use studies from the literature review to aggressively support your research Avoid direct quoting Do not allow literature review to be the focus of this section. Instead, the literature review should only aid in setting a foundation for the manuscript.

Remember the following key points for writing a good research paper introduction: 4

  • Avoid stuffing too much general information: Avoid including what an average reader would know and include only that information related to the problem being addressed in the research paper introduction. For example, when describing a comparative study of non-traditional methods for mechanical design optimization, information related to the traditional methods and differences between traditional and non-traditional methods would not be relevant. In this case, the introduction for the research paper should begin with the state-of-the-art non-traditional methods and methods to evaluate the efficiency of newly developed algorithms.
  • Avoid packing too many references: Cite only the required works in your research paper introduction. The other works can be included in the discussion section to strengthen your findings.
  • Avoid extensive criticism of previous studies: Avoid being overly critical of earlier studies while setting the rationale for your study. A better place for this would be the Discussion section, where you can highlight the advantages of your method.
  • Avoid describing conclusions of the study: When writing a research paper introduction remember not to include the findings of your study. The aim is to let the readers know what question is being answered. The actual answer should only be given in the Results and Discussion section.

To summarize, the research paper introduction section should be brief yet informative. It should convince the reader the need to conduct the study and motivate him to read further. If you’re feeling stuck or unsure, choose trusted AI academic writing assistants like Paperpal to effortlessly craft your research paper introduction and other sections of your research article.

1. Jawaid, S. A., & Jawaid, M. (2019). How to write introduction and discussion. Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia, 13(Suppl 1), S18.

2. Dewan, P., & Gupta, P. (2016). Writing the title, abstract and introduction: Looks matter!. Indian pediatrics, 53, 235-241.

3. Cetin, S., & Hackam, D. J. (2005). An approach to the writing of a scientific Manuscript1. Journal of Surgical Research, 128(2), 165-167.

4. Bavdekar, S. B. (2015). Writing introduction: Laying the foundations of a research paper. Journal of the Association of Physicians of India, 63(7), 44-6.

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Get accurate academic translations, rewriting support, grammar checks, vocabulary suggestions, and generative AI assistance that delivers human precision at machine speed. Try for free or upgrade to Paperpal Prime starting at US$19 a month to access premium features, including consistency, plagiarism, and 30+ submission readiness checks to help you succeed.  

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Introduction Research Maker

What is an introduction in research and how to write it? With this introduction research maker, you’ll get the answers to these questions and generate an intro for your project.

Follow these 3 simple steps to generate a research introduction:

  • ⚙️ How to Use This Tool
  • 👌 The Tool’s Benefits
  • 📝 What Is a Research Introduction?
  • ✍️ Tips for Making It Impressive
  • 👀 A Good Example

🔗 References

⚙️ how to use introduction research maker.

A well-written introduction is like an appealing window shop. It attracts the readers to come in and consume the content you’ve written until the last line.

So, what can you do when you need more inspiration and face bottlenecks with your introductory section?

Take these three steps to use this online tool:

  • State the topic . What will your paper be about?
  • Select the genre . Is it an argumentative , analytical, informative, or personal essay?
  • Press “Generate” . Note that the introduction should be used for reference purposes only.

👌 4 Benefits of This Introduction Maker

Our free introduction in research maker can do a good favor with any academic assignment you’re working on.

The generator comes with several indisputable benefits that will make any student or researcher smile:

All these perks are available absolutely free of charge, which makes the tool’s use way more attractive.

📝 What Is an Introduction in a Research Paper?

Many students and writers take an introduction for granted. Yet, it’s a complicated piece of work that requires meticulous labor and lots of attention.

An introduction sets the context, introduces the readers to the scope of the chosen topic, and engages the reader, building suspense for more information.

Therefore, you should never underestimate the work your intro requires.

A well-written intro will:

  • Give a better idea of the background of your research to readers.
  • Create a sense of value that will urge readers to continue reading.
  • Establish a roadmap for the body of your paper.
  • Intrigue the readers.

If an introduction is absent or flawed, your readers will hardly find their way into your content. Initial confusion can cause them to abandon the piece altogether, and a professor reading your assignment will indeed deduce essential grade points for the lack of this writing skill.

✍️ Tips for Making a Research Introduction Impressive

Here are a couple of pro tips for composing good introductions that fulfill their goals and impress the readers and evaluators.

  • Move from general points to more specific ones . The best approach to intro writing is to start with the broad context of your study and gradually narrow the focus to a concrete research problem.
  • Focus on the study’s significance . As you narrow down the scope of your research , you should prove with data and stats that your topic is indeed urgent and research-worthy.
  • Use solid evidence . Always back your points with evidence from authoritative, credible sources to show that you’re not the only one who thinks the problem exists.
  • Be clear about the research purpose . State the research objective by showing how you plan to approach the formulated problem and what contributions and insights you plan to make.
  • Overview the content . Cover the main aspects of your research in the introduction to guide your readers through further content.
  • Use examples . Be specific and not overly theoretical; readers can embrace your arguments much better if you illustrate them with facts, figures, and statistics.
  • Keep it brief . The introduction shouldn’t go beyond a 10% limit for an academic paper. Ideally, it should be one paragraph long, and all elements we’ve discussed above should be logically organized inside that paragraph.

👀 Research Introduction Example

Let’s apply all the tips we’ve presented above and illustrate every point with a well-written introduction example.

Here’s how you may organize an introductory part for your essay on the need to foster inclusive education in the USA:

We thank you for reading this article to its conclusion and hope that it will prove valuable for your project. Please explore our range of other study apps , and we wish you the best of luck with your paper!

📌 Introduction Research Maker FAQ

📌 what is the purpose of the introduction in research.

Any essay introduction aims to hook the readers and communicate the key points and the general subject you plan to discuss in your paper. You should construct a good, readable intro to capture the audience’s attention and persuade people that your text is worth studying.

📌 How to write a historical essay introduction?

To create a winning historical essay paper, you must introduce the historical event, period, or person you plan to examine in the research paper. Then, you should add details to create a background and context for a more precise research problem and focus. The final aspect of talking about in the introduction is the perspective or angle you will take in the assignment.

📌 How to write an introduction for a narrative essay?

A narrative essay’s intro can benefit significantly from a presentation of the main characters, the setting, and the unfolding action. Once you outline all these narrative elements, you can move on as the action unfolds.

📌 How to start a persuasive essay introduction?

A persuasive essay aims to convince the audience to adopt your viewpoint. Therefore, an introduction should be packed with solid facts and emotionally evoking evidence to touch upon the readers’ feelings and move them to adopt your stand. Such evidence should be data-backed to create the needed effect on the audience.

Updated: Apr 5th, 2024

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Research Introduction Maker

Consider using this instrument if you’re stuck writing a research paper introduction. It is free, fast, and very effective.

Follow the 3 steps below to generate a research paper introduction with this free tool in a couple of seconds:

  • 🧰 How to Use the Tool?
  • 🏆The Generator’s Benefits
  • 🤔 Why Is Introduction Important?
  • 📍 How to Write an Introduction?

🔗 References

🧰 introduction generator: how to use it.

Our free introduction generator for research paper is one of the best tools for drafting research papers. The tool lets you start your paper on a catchy note that makes your readers want to read it.

You can use it in 3 simple steps:

  • Indicate your chosen topic to cover in your research subject.
  • Choose the type of your assignment: informative, argumentative, personal, or analytical.
  • Generate your paper’s introduction.

🏆 Introduction Generator: 5 Benefits

Your paper’s introduction means everything.

Why is it so important?

It can attract or repel your readers based on how you write it. Our introduction generator for research paper has many benefits that can advance your research paper writing. Here are the top-5 advantages of using our tool to generate killer introductions.

🤔 Why Make a Research Introduction?

An excellent introduction means you get a one-touch chance to make a positive impression on your readers.

A perfect intro is vital because of the following reasons:

  • It summarizes the prior studies about the topic you want to cover as a foundation, allowing your readers to understand your research problem .
  • It explains how your study handles the existing research gaps.
  • It shows your readers your research paper’s significance and implications regarding its empirical and theoretical contributions .
  • It offers readers a solid impression of your argument’s logic.
  • It displays your writing style and offers a sneak peek of the paper’s overall quality.
  • It describes the rest of your paper’s organization .

Making a positive first impression is the overall benefit of composing a great research assignment. It’s your only chance to show readers what to expect.

📍 How to Make a Research Introduction?

Understanding how to make a stellar intro is critical for your research tasks. But irrespective of whether you use the APA or MLA format, a standard introduction comprises several essential sections. Below are the steps for drafting a perfect research paper introduction.

Introduce the Topic

Start by introducing your topic . You can do that with the help of a strong opening hook , which is an initial sentence conveying your topic’s relevance.

  • A fun fact,
  • A question,
  • An anecdote,
  • A quote from a famous person.

Describe the Background

Your introduction should also describe your topic’s background . However, this description differs depending on your paper’s approach.

For example:

An argumentative task explores some general background.

If your paper is more empirical, you may review past research and determine how yours fits in. After grabbing your readers’ attention, be more specific, provide context, and narrow your topic further.

Explain the Research Problem

The next phase clarifies the way your research fits in previous studies and the challenges it solves.

For instance:

Focus on importance when dealing with an argumentative assignment . Here, you can state what’s critical and original about your core argument.

Talk about Your Goal(s)

This stage delves into the specifics of what you wish to convey. The way you draft your research paper’s objectives significantly differs.

An argumentative essay will present your thesis statement . Inversely, an empirical assignment usually raises a research question , sometimes with a hypothesis to answer it.

Map out the Content

Your introduction’s last part usually focuses on a short overview of your paper’s remaining sections.

However, this isn’t necessary when using a standard scientific format that contains:

  • Discussion.

However, if your assignment is formatted less predictably, describing its shape for your readers is critical.

Thank you for reading this article! We hope that this introduction generator is useful for you. You are welcome to try other free tools we offer: thesis statement helper , word changer , summarizer , title maker , and conclusion generator .

❓ Introduction Generator FAQ

❓ how to write a research paper introduction.

Write your introduction to support your paper in its goal and everything. Therefore, utilize a relevant and magnetic hook to grab your readers’ attention from the onset. Your intro should specify your stand on the topic and demonstrate your understanding of your topic.

❓ How to start an introduction for a research paper?

Your paper’s intro serves various goals. You must draft it to present your study’s background, introduce your topic and objectives, and give your readers your assignment’s overview. Compose it to provide a solid foundation and encourage your audience to keep reading your paper’s remaining sections.

❓ What should the introduction of a research paper include?

A great introduction includes an overview of your subject. It must also contain previous research work on the topic. It also captures and clearly presents your paper’s rationale for the reader to know why they should read it. Other critical contents include an outline and your methodology.

❓ How long should an introduction be in a research paper?

Ideally, your paper’s introduction should range between 400 and 500 words. The emphasis is to keep it short and clear enough to show the reader why your assignment is important. It must contain everything readers need to anticipate what lies ahead.

Updated: Apr 5th, 2024

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Research Paper Outline Generator

🤖 research outline generator 101.

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Outlining an academic assignment serves several purposes:

  • It lets students establish connections between the thesis and their ideas.
  • A template also allows them to structure papers and identify gaps in their knowledge.
  • An outline makes their writing more substantial and lets them know if they understand the topic well enough.

Our outline generator for research papers speeds up this process in several ways:

📝 Outline Generator for Research Paper: Template and Format

Our tool can help you cope with the first step in any academic work, whether it's a high school or college tasks. But what should you do next? This part of the article details the components of the research paper format. It will give you a better understanding of how your work should look.

Popular Academic Formats

The format of your research paper largely depends on the style your school uses. Three main styles are widely used in the academic setting: APA, Chicago, and MLA. Each has its features we’ll discuss briefly.

Good Example of a Template

In this section, we have detailed all the components of a comprehensive research paper. Knowing these elements will make it easy for you to structure your work.

🤩 Best Outline Tips: Research Papers & Academic Essays

We want to wrap things up by offering helpful tips for an effective outline. It doesn’t matter if you’re writing an academic essay, a research work, or a personal statement. These pieces of advice can be helpful in all types of assignments.

  • Plan and brainstorm . Make a list of ideas that can become good topics for your essay. By the way, having study buddies is also a fantastic idea! Try to brainstorm topics with fellow students. This way, you can better plan and find impactful research subjects.
  • Organize your ideas . Next, organize the ideas into separate categories. Discard bad ones and incorporate good ones in your writing. Narrow them down until you choose the main one to write a good thesis statement.
  • Use bullet points . Utilize a list format to keep your outline organized. Use headings to easily navigate the template and structure the paper logically.
  • Use online tools . If you need help, turn to online platforms for assistance. For example, our research paper outline generator can make this process faster.
  • Write in your mother tongue . If you struggle writing in English , make notes in your native language. It’s also better to research this topic in your mother tongue. You can translate your findings later.
  • Remove redundant points . Revise all the paragraphs of your finished essay template. Make sure that all the sections match the purpose of your paper and reveal the main idea. If you find too many inappropriate points, try rephrasing them to fit the topic.

We hope that our outline generator for research papers helped in your work. If you have any questions left, check out the FAQ section below. Besides we also recommend you take a look at our research guide .

❓ Research Outline Generator – FAQ

Updated: Dec 14th, 2023

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Learn everything there is to know about our awesome research paper outline generator. This instrument is guaranteed to save you lots of time and energy by creating the perfect plan for your assignment in seconds. Simply set the parameters and get to writing!

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research paper introduction generator

Research Paper Generator by AcademicHelp

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research paper introduction generator

Research Paper Generator for Finishing Your Papers

Writing a research paper is going to be the peak of your academic path. This work will show the knowledge and skills you gained throughout your studies. Undoubtedly, this will be one of the most serious steps you will take towards your future development and career goals. 

All of this puts a lot of pressure on you as a student. You might feel lost and therefore scared of starting to write this work. If this is you, then you are going to like the idea of using our Free Research Paper Writer.

Get Instant Help With Research Paper Title Generator

Don’t worry if you don’t know where to start your research paper. We have all been there – sitting in front of a blank document unable to even come up with the proper topic for our work. Fortunately, now you don’t have to struggle for days to come up with ideas. Just open the AI Research Paper Writer and jump-start the work process with its assistance. 

All you have to do is just state the subject of your writing and at least an approximate topic you may be interested in researching. In the special field for instructions, you can ask the tool to help you create the title and introduction to your paper. And just after 2 minutes, you will have the beginning on which you can build your article further. 

When You Can Turn to AI Research Paper Generator

Our Research paper Generator will prove beneficial to those who haven’t yet started their research. Yet, this is not the only case when you can use this service.

It can be a helpful addition to your academic toolkit even if you have already begun your writing. With its assistance, students can research new aspects of their topic and, as such, make their work more thorough. You can also use it to add new or organize the already existing parts of your paper. Just give it the paragraphs you already have and you will get an example of how they can be properly structured and edited with more details. 

In any case, you can use this Research Paper Generator for any part of your paper. No matter whether it is an introduction, the main body of the text, or the conclusion to all the research you’ve done – you will be able to get some valuable insight into how you can improve your writing for the better.

Prompt Ideas for Research Paper Thesis Generator

The key to effective work with AI text generators lies in prompting. Proper prompt structuring, however, takes time and practice, which we think, you don’t have much time for. And even if you do, giving you a few ideas on how good prompts would sound wouldn’t hurt, would it? 

So, we present to you our collection of possible prompts you can use to make our AI Research Paper Writer give you the best thesis statements:

  • “Research Topic: The effects of climate change on agricultural productivity in the Midwest.
  • Research Question: How does climate change impact agricultural productivity in the Midwest region?
  • Key Concepts: Climate change, agricultural productivity, Midwest region.
  • Relationship: Investigate the impact of climate change variables on crop yields.
  • Research Method: Analyzing historical climate data and crop yield records.
  • Significance: Understanding the implications of climate change for food security in the region.

Analyze the following details for my research paper and based on the information you learned provide a thesis statement for the said research paper”

“Examine the relationship between regular physical exercise and stress reduction in working adults. Focus on how different exercise routines impact stress levels. Use a comparative analysis of various exercise programs among a sample of working adults aged 25-45. Highlight the importance of this research for promoting workplace wellness programs.”

You should put in the relevant details regarding your paper in the said prompts. Note though, that these are just our suggestions. You are free to experiment and create your own prompts based on these recommendations. 

Where can I get a research paper written?

It’s a better idea to write your research paper yourself. However, you can use some outside help, for example, from online writing services, hiring a freelance writer, or seeking assistance from academic writing centers at universities. You can also use AI-powered platforms such as Academichelp Research Paper Generator, to help you gain and organize ideas in your chosen topic.

Who writes a research paper?

A research paper is typically written by students, researchers, or academics who want to present their findings or arguments on a specific topic. Professional writers or academic writing services can also be hired to write research papers, especially if the person who initially needs the paper lacks the time or skills to write it themselves. However, now, we also have various AI tools that can quickly help with that problem as well.

How much does it cost to have someone write a paper for you?

The cost for a research paper depends on the service you use to write it as well as the complexity of the topic, length, deadline, and the expertise of the writer. Prices can range from $10 to $50 per page for undergraduate-level writing. For more specialized or advanced writing, such as graduate-level or technical research papers, the cost can be higher. We advise you to get quotes from multiple services or writers to find a price that fits your budget.

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Well begun is half done. By crafting a blog introduction you will set expectations and make readers know what they will learn.

We've tried and tested some best practices through the years.

Here is a 4 steps formula to outline your introduction.

1 - Your first line is your pitch

You have only one or two sentences to catch someone's attention. It is your slogan, your why. Use it wisely, take time to craft a great one.

Use a thought provoking questions, or an analogy or even a personal story to create an emotional bound with your readers.

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Compelling Blog Introduction Examples

That's enough theory for now. Let'see how some examples of great introduction that uses this 4-step formula.

This article from ahrefs is a good example:

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1 - Is the first line a good pitch?

The writer opens the article using a contrarian view.

2 - How the problem is introduced?

One sentence for the problem. Simple and direct: you're doing keyword research wrong. 3 - Propose a solution You have to find topics to naturally plug your product recommendations with enough search demand. ‍

4- Set the bar Why the old approach did not work? Here's a sneaky peek with a two-sentence examples to make the reader sure they can understand what is the learning at the end of this piece of content.

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Original research article, the application of virtual synchronous generator technology in inertial control of new energy vehicle power generation.


  • 1 College of Transportation Engineering, Changzhou Vocational Institute of Mechatronic Technology, Changzhou, China
  • 2 Component Testing and Research Department, China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd., Changzhou, China

Introduction: With the rapid development of human society and economy, the power generation technology of various new energy vehicles has begun to receive widespread attention.

Methods: Due to the lack of inertia and frequency stability in the new energy vehicle power generation system, this paper proposes a power generation control method that combines linear active disturbance rejection control technology and virtual synchronous generator technology. This method first introduces the control strategy and inertial response of the virtual synchronous generator. Then, it uses linear active disturbance rejection control technology to improve the virtual synchronous generator technology to deal with the uncertainty and external interference in the system.

Results: The results showed that when the virtual inertia coefficient was 0, and the new energy vehicles would hardly intervene in the regulation of the grid voltage. When the virtual inertia coefficient was 5, the decline rate of the DC bus voltage of new energy vehicles had slowed down. When the virtual inertia coefficient increased, the power output of new energy vehicles can be increased to the grid. When the load suddenly increased, and the corresponding DC bus voltage decreased more slowly. In the VSG output power comparison, under the research method, the frequency fluctuation only increased by 0.09 Hz and returned to the rated frequency of 50 Hz. Additionally, the dynamic process of the system output power was the shortest, lasting only 0.05 s.

Discussion: The above results show that the research method has significant superiority and effectiveness in improving the inertial response and overall stability of the new energy vehicle power system.

1 Introduction

With the transformation of the global energy structure and the increasing requirement for environmental protection, the new energy vehicles (NEVs) are becoming a global trend. Meanwhile, the rapid growth of renewable energy resources (RES) causes the power system operate stable uncertainly. In this context, how to effectively integrate NEVs and power systems has become one of the hot research topics in the current energy field ( Chang et al., 2021 ; Mitra and Nguyen, 2022 ). Especially in the inertial control of power generation in the power system, NEVs play an increasingly important role. At present, most research focuses on the application of VSG technology in fixed power systems, while there is relatively little research on the specific application scenarios of mobile power systems, especially NEVs. At the same time, traditional power systems rely on large synchronous generators to provide the necessary inertia to maintain system frequency stability. However, with the widespread integration of RES, the number of traditional generators in the system has decreased, leading to a decrease in grid inertia and thus affecting the stability of the grid. In this situation, virtual synchronous generator (VSG) technology has attracted widespread attention in recent years as an innovative solution ( Muhtadi et al., 2021 ; Choudhuri et al., 2023 ). VSG technology can simulate the dynamic features of traditional synchronous generator (SG), such as inertia and damping, which is particularly important for power sources without rotating mass such as photovoltaics, wind power, and NEVs. By implementing behaviors similar to SG, VSG technology provides a useful way to enhance the stability and adaptability of the power grid, especially in the face of large-scale RES integration and load fluctuations ( Zeng et al., 2021 ). However, applying VSG to NEVs power generation systems (PGS) still faces challenges, especially in dealing with uncertainty and external disturbances. In view of this, this experiment proposes to use linear active disturbance rejection controller (LADRC) technology to improve VSG and apply it to the inertial control of NEVs in the PGS, aiming to improve the operational stability of the PGS.

The experiment focuses on two innovative points. Firstly, the mathematical model of SG is established, and then the basic model of virtual synchronous machine is extended. This model is combined with the topology structure of the NEV converter to obtain the charging and discharging control strategy of the converter. Secondly, second-order active disturbance rejection control is introduced to improve the traditional VSG model, and the performance of the improved control model is analyzed. Meanwhile, the conclusions are supported through simulation comparison and verification with different methods.

2 Related works

The application of VSG technology in inertial control of NEVs power generation (IC-NEVsPG), especially in improving the stability and flexibility of power systems, has attracted widespread attention from many scholars. Rathore et al. proposed a damping control method based on VSG to enable real-time adjustment of equation parameters. It utilized VSG to control the inertia and damping factor, and the effectiveness of this technology has been verified through simulation. By adjusting the inertia and damping factors, the dynamic frequency variation of micro-grids could be effectively controlled ( Rathore et al., 2021 ). Elizabeth Michael N and other scholars proposed a compensatory technique based on VSG to control the frequency fluctuations of electric vehicle inverters. It analyzed the construction of direct current (DC) and electric vehicle batteries, and verified the bidirectional power flow between the proposed virtual power plant and the power grid through case studies. Ultimately, it enabled the power grid to have higher penetration capabilities ( Elizabeth Michael et al., 2020 ). Tinajero’s team proposed a nonlinear optimal controller for PGSs based on electronic power inverters to simulate the inertia. In addition, the analysis program predefined the inertia constant of the inverter, which must consider the rated power of the generator during the formulation process. This method was effective ( Tinajero et al., 2022 ). Zhang et al. proposed a control method that integrates fuzzy inference system and VSG to achieve a multi VSG parallel system for micro-grid alternating current (AC). This method utilized fuzzy logic rules to adjust the virtual inertia and damping factor to achieve coordinated control between the two. This method could effectively suppress power frequency oscillations ( Zhang et al., 2022 ). Terazono et al. proposed an improved intelligent motor control method to effectively enhance the inertia of future power grids. By utilizing this system, it was possible to effectively control mechanism updates and temporarily utilize the kinetic energy stored in rotating loads. The proposed method for suppressing power grid frequency fluctuations had significant effectiveness ( Terazono et al., 2020 ).

In addition, scholars have analyzed other control strategies for micro-grids. Rasool et al. analyzed two methods, sag control strategy and low inertia micro-grid stability control strategy, and verified the effectiveness and sharing of this method from theory and practice. The charging control of electric vehicles could provide sufficient inertia and damping for the micro-grid, and extend the lifespan of electric vehicle batteries ( Rasool et al., 2020 ). Jafari et al. proposed an induction charging method based on modulation grid power supply to improve the stability of power supply frequency. This method could effectively adjust the charging station and virtual inertia using a controller, thereby controlling the frequency of power grid fluctuations and improving the control efficiency of the controller ( Jafari et al., 2020 ). Magdy et al. proposed a vehicle networking control method based on VSG to control the load frequency of AC islanded micro-grids. It also used an improved heuristic optimization algorithm to adjust the controller parameters, and finally verified the feasibility and effectiveness of this method ( Magdy et al., 2021 ). The team of scholars Khokhar and Dahiya proposed a bio inspired SSO and fuzzy PID control method to reduce the minimum frequency of electric vehicle battery operation. The experiment found that the controller has good robustness and the system has high stability under this technology ( Khokhar et al., 2020 ). Albert et al. proposed an optimization method that integrates adaptive hybrid particle swarm optimization and grey wolf algorithm to improve the charging efficiency of fast charging stations for hybrid vehicles. This method limited the quantity of charging stations installed while minimizing the overall pricing cost, significantly improving the charging capacity of stations and minimizing charging costs ( Albert et al., 2022 ).

To sum up, most current research focuses on fixed power systems. Relevant research on mobile power systems, especially the specific application scenario of new energy electric vehicles, is still relatively scarce. The dynamic working environment and changing load demands of NEVs place higher requirements on the adaptability and control strategies of power generation technology. In view of this, the paper proposes an improved virtual synchronous power generation technology and applies it to new energy PGSs, hoping to improve the stability of automobile PGSs.

3 The application of VSG technology in IC-NEVsPG

The aim of this experiment is to explore the application of VSG technology in IC-NEVsPG and further optimize the control strategy by combining LADRC technology. An in-depth analysis is conducted on the working principle and control strategy of VSG technology, especially its implementation and effectiveness in NEVs, and the application of LADRC technology in VSG systems is explored.

3.1 Control strategy and inertial response of VSG

The development of VSG mainly addresses some challenges encountered in distributed energy systems, such as the large fluctuations, lack of inertia, and complex power allocation problems that arise when using traditional power electronic devices. This type of system typically includes new energy generation units, energy storage systems, and VSG inverters that play a core role ( Idan et al., 2023 ). Figure 1 shows the topology of VSG.


Figure 1 . Structure of VSG.

The synchronous machine model in virtual synchronous machine technology can adopt different levels of simulation models. Although higher-order models theoretically have more precise accuracy, their value in practical applications is limited due to their complexity and high computational costs ( Salem et al., 2023 ). Therefore, the experiment adopts a second-order hidden pole synchronous machine model as the core of VSG, while assuming that the model does not include the magnetic saturation effect of the iron core and rotor damping. The corresponding operational structure of the SG is Figure 2 .


Figure 2 . Operating structure of SG.

Assuming that variable DC current source i f provides power to the rotor winding of VSG. When the system is stable, it is assumed that the value of i f remains unchanged, then d j f / d t = 0 . The corresponding calculation of the back electromotive force of the synchronous machine is Eq. 1 .

In Eq. 1 , e a , e b , and e c all represent the back electromotive force of the generator. i f represents the rotor excitation current of the SG. M f represents the max-mutual inductance between the stator-winding and the rotor-winding. Furthermore, the calculation of the active power (AP) P and reactive power (RP) Q of VSG at the inverter bridge arm is Eq. 2 .

The above equation and the principle of VSG indicate that frequency stability is a key indicator for the operation of automotive power systems. Its fluctuations not only reduce the operational efficiency of power grid equipment, but may also affect the entire system’s stability. If the frequency deviation is not corrected in a timely manner, it may seriously interfere with the normal operation of the car, and even lead to the collapse of the power grid frequency. In traditional SGs, the static characteristic equation between the AP and frequency of the generator, as well as the mechanical equation, can be established through a speed controller. The specific calculation is Eq. 3 .

In Eq. 3 , P m is the mechanical power input to the generator. P e represents the electromagnetic power output by the generator. ω r e f represents the angular frequency (AF) reference value of the generator. ω g represents the AF of the generator rotor. K f represents the frequency adjustment coefficient. J s represents the moment of inertia of the generator rotor. T m , T e and D represent the mechanical torque, electromagnetic torque, and damping coefficient of the generator, respectively. P r e f represents the reference value of the given AP of the SG. Next, this experiment combines the damping coefficient and droop coefficient under the active frequency modulation of VSG, and the corresponding control equation is Eq. 4 .

In Eq. 4 , J represents the virtual moment of inertia. P s e t represents the given AP reference value. D p represents the virtual damping coefficient. The reactive voltage regulation of VSG can be established through the reactive voltage control characteristics of SGs, and the droop coefficient of reactive voltage can be obtained, as shown in Eq. 5 .

In Eq. 5 , Q s e t represents the reference value of RP. Q represents the actual RP output of VSG. U m is the voltage amplitude at the PCC point of the LCL inverter. U r e f represents the reference value of VSG output voltage amplitude. D p is the RP voltage coefficient. The process of VSG’s AP control and RP control is Figure 3 .


Figure 3 . Flow of VSG AP control and reactive voltage control. (A) VSG active power control diagram (B) VSG reactive voltage control diagram.

In VSG design, inertia and damping are crucial for the inertial response of VSG. The larger the inertia time constant, the more difficult it is for the generator rotor to accelerate, and the corresponding natural oscillation angle frequency and damping coefficient will be smaller. The inertia time constant is usually defined based on the rated capacity of the generator and is used to obtain the dynamic response time, as shown in Eq. 6 .

In Eq. 6 , ω n is the AF of natural oscillation. ξ represents the damping coefficient. t r is the dynamic response time. δ represents power-frequency response. Therefore, when calculating the equivalent inertia time constant of the power grid, the output power of the generator can be linked to the inertia constant, thereby obtaining the virtual inertia constant K of the system. When determining the parameters of the VSG model, it is necessary to avoid power overshoot during transient processes and ensure the equipment’s safety and stable operation.

3.2 IC-NEVsPG based on VSG

The suppression of frequency fluctuations at the grid connection point in this study plays a crucial role in the grid connection stability of NEVs. In islanding mode, the output voltage of NEVs will vary with the load, making it difficult to maintain a stable rated frequency. To reduce frequency fluctuations at the grid connection point, improve the dynamic response of NEVs converters, and achieve seamless frequency modulation in islanding mode, this experiment proposes to improve the VSG control strategy using LADRC. By linearizing the controller and linking various parameters in the system with the bandwidth of the controller and observer, the problem of parameter tuning is simplified ( Wu et al., 2023 ). At the same time, the tracking differential part in ADRC is omitted, and the extended state observer (ESO) and nonlinear state error feedback (NLSEF) are linearized and transformed into Linear Extended Star Observer (LESO) and linear state error feedback (LSEF). Among them, ESO is used to observe the output of the system and estimate its existence of disturbances. NLSEF is used to receive the results of ESO observations, control system errors, and compensate for disturbances. LESO is an observer used in control systems, whose core function is to estimate the system state, especially in situations where the system state is difficult to measure directly. The design purpose of LESO is to quickly and accurately observe unknown disturbances and states in the system, and it plays an important role in active disturbance rejection control (ADRC) technology. Taking second-order LADRC as an example, its structure is shown in Figure 4 .


Figure 4 . Second order LADRC.

When the PGS of NEVs is considered as a second-order controlled object, the differential equation y ¨ = − a 1 y ˙ − a 2 y + w + b u can be obtained. In this equation, u and y represent the inputs and outputs of the controlled object in the system. w represents the external disturbance of the system. a 1 and a 2 both are system parameters. b represents the system gain parameter. This experiment guarantees b ≈ b 0 and considers b 0 as the nominal value of b . Assuming x 2 = y ˙ , x 1 = y , the system’s total disturbance can be obtained as x 3 = f y , y ˙ , w = − a 1 y − a 2 y + w + b − b 0 u . After optimization, the system’s state equation can be obtained, and then the state equation of the Linear Extended Star Observer (LESO) is constructed, as shown in Eq. 7 .

In Eq. 7 , x 1 , x 2 , x 3 represents the state variables of the system. β 1 , β 2 , β 3 represents the gain value of the undetermined observer in the system. z 1 , z 2 , z 3 represents the observation value of observer LESO on the state variable x 1 , x 2 , x 3 . LADRC will feed back the system disturbance estimated by LESO to the controller for compensation; and after compensation, the controlled NEV system can be equivalent to an integral series structure. Since the proportional-derivative controller (PD controller, PD) has zero steady-state error, strong anti-interference ability, and better stability and maximum peak overshoot than the integral controller, the PD controller was used to control the automotive PGS in the experiment. The composition of the differential equation and LSEF that can be obtained is shown in Eq. 8 .

In Eq. 8 , k p and k d both represent the proportional and differential coefficients of the PD controller, and both parameters are to be quantified. ω c represents the controller bandwidth. ξ represents the damping ratio. During the operation of NEVs, their PGS is considered as a second-order controlled object, while LESO is a third-order controlled object. The characteristic equation of the third-order LESO and the expression of the gain value of the system’s undetermined observer can be obtained through synthesis, as shown in Eq. 9 .

In Eq. 9 , s represents a complex frequency domain operator. ω 0 represents the observer bandwidth. To lift the dynamic response capability of power output and maintain the stability of system frequency, this experiment then introduces the second-order linear active disturbance rejection control algorithm (SO-LADRC) in the AP frequency link. Before introducing LADRC, the AP frequency loop control of VSG is Figure 5 .


Figure 5 . VSG active frequency loop control process.

In Figure 5 , K f is the frequency droop coefficient, which is used to obtain the primary frequency modulation power based on the deviation between the VSG output AF and the rated AF. D p is responsible for providing damping for the system, and low-pass filter (LPF) is the output power feedback first-order low-pass filtering link. Using the process in Figure 5 to improve the VSG control system can effectively respond to the response and stability of the power grid’s dynamic changes. The closed-loop transfer function of the AP-frequency loop can be obtained through Figure 5 . After performing the inverse Laplace transform, the total disturbance calculation of d 2 ω d t 2 and the system can be obtained, as shown in Eq. 10 .

In Eq. 10 , τ p represents the time constant of LPF. ω n represents input. ω represents the integrated series controlled object of the output. It is very consistent with the control form of LADRC and can be combined with VSG. In summary, the designed VSG control structure based on LADRC is Figure 6 .


Figure 6 . VSG control based on LADRC.

In summary, the transfer function of z 1 , z 2 , z 3 and the composition of LSEF can be obtained. By combining the two, the transfer function of the control input U s of the controlled NEVs can be obtained. The calculation is Eq. 11 .

In Eq. 11 , V s represents the reference input of ADRC. Y s represents the specific form of the output of the controlled object in the complex frequency domain. Then, it is combined with the control input of the controlled NEVs, and the system output AP P o u t and the set value of AP P * are obtained. Furthermore, the closed-loop transfer function from the given VSG’s AF value to the VSG output AF can be obtained, as displayed in Eq. 12 .

In Eq. 12 , a 1 ∼ a 6 represents the coefficients. The final verification of the stability of the control system for NEVs can be based on the Lienard Chipard stability criteria. This standard is applied to the control strategy of the design. Since a 1 ∼ a 6 is all positive, the stability of NEVs PGSs can be evaluated using odd order Herwitz determinant. The calculation of parameters is Eq. 13 .

Eq. 13 constrains ω 0 and ω c in terms of stability and can serve as a reference for adjusting these two parameters. In addition, simulation software is utilized for numerical analysis of the stability of new energy generation systems.

4 Performance testing and application effects of the IC-NEVsPG system

With the rapid growth of NEVs worldwide, the operation of their PGSs has become an undeniable topic. Especially in terms of power grid stability and energy efficiency, the control technology of NEVs PGSs is particularly important. Therefore, this experiment aims to explore the practical effects and potential advantages of improving VSG technology in NEVs through comprehensive performance testing and practical application case analysis.

4.1 Performance testing of IC-NEVsPG system

To test and analyze the proposed control strategy, a model of an AC-DC hybrid micro-grid containing electric vehicles is built using PSCAD/EMTDC software, as shown in Figure 7 .


Figure 7 . Testing of AC/DC hybrid power grid.

In Figure 7 , in the test system, the AC power supply is equivalent to a synchronous motor, and the DC power supply is equivalent to a controllable voltage source. Energy conversion is realized on both sides of AC and DC through two VSG connections, and a certain amount of load is connected. The electric vehicle is connected to the DC bus through a bidirectional DC/DC converter. Table 1 shows the PGS parameters.


Table 1 . Partial parameters of new energy generation system.

Based on the above experimental setup, ignoring the impact of NEVs access, load fluctuation testing of the PGS is started. When the time is 3s, the load of the system is suddenly increased by 10 kW. The entire process of frequency variation during system load fluctuations during this process is Figure 8 .


Figure 8 . AC bus frequency.

The variation of the curve in Figure 8 shows that the frequency of the system begins to slowly decrease during load fluctuations, and it can overcome the shortcomings of inertia in traditional control strategies during power generation, effectively enhancing the frequency stability. Under the virtual inertial control strategy, NEVs can give voltage support for the DC power grid. This support can be controlled by adjusting the value of the virtual inertia coefficient (VIC). Different coefficients have different effects on the voltage response of the system when the load suddenly changes. When the load of 10 kW is suddenly increased for 3s, the changes in DC bus voltage (DC-BV) and NEVs power can be obtained as shown in Figure 9 .


Figure 9 . Changes in DC-BV and NEVs power. (A) Changes in DC bus voltage (B) Changes in the power of new energy vehicles.

The three waveforms in Figure 9A show the changes in DC-BV under the conditions of VICs of 0, 5, and 20, respectively. The three waveforms in Figure 9B represent the changes in power of NEVs. In waveform A, when the VIC is 0, under the droop control, the DC-BV will rapidly decrease when the load suddenly increases, and NEVs will hardly intervene in the regulation of the grid voltage. In waveform B, after introducing the VIC K = 5, the decrease rate of the DC-BV of NEVs slows down, indicating that NEVs will increase the power output of the grid when the load suddenly increases. Waveform C further shows that increasing the VIC can improve the output of NEVs to the grid power during sudden load increases, making the decrease rate of DC-BV slower. The above results indicate that under virtual inertial control, NEVs can effectively provide voltage support for the DC network of micro-grids. By adjusting the VIC, the degree to which NEVs participate in voltage support can be controlled. However, when the VIC exceeds a certain limit value, virtual inertia control may cause system instability, so it is necessary to choose an appropriate VIC.

To test the effectiveness of the virtual inertia control strategy, this experiment selects the DC micro-grid voltage regulation method based on fractional order virtual inertia method (VRM-DC), the electric vehicle V2G technology based on inverter and optimal non integer model virtual inertia control (OAIM-VIC), and the constructed LADRC-VSG method for load fluctuation comparison ( Khooban, 2020 ; Long et al., 2022 ). The above three methods are respectively referred to as strategies A, B, and C. Similarly, when the time is 3 s, the load of the system is suddenly increased by 10 kW. When the time is 4 s, the load begins to return to normal. The obtained load test results are shown in Figure 10 .


Figure 10 . Changes in DC-BV and VIC. (A) Changes in DC bus voltage (B) Comparison of virtual inertia coefficient.

Figure 10A, B show the changes in DC-BV and VIC under different strategy operations. Analyzing the changes in waveform A in Figure 10 , under the VRM-DC strategy, when the value of the VIC is very small or close to 0, the voltage drop rate of the DC network is faster. The inertia of DC voltage is small, and NEVs are hardly involved in voltage regulation. Under the OAIM-VIC strategy, the VIC will change according to the specific fluctuation of the grid voltage, allowing NEVs to participate in the regulation of the grid voltage. Waveform B represents the dynamic response change of the DC-BV. The speed of the decrease in DC-BV is significantly slowed down, and the stability of the voltage is significantly improved. In waveform C, the LADRC-VSG method can not only slow down voltage fluctuations, but also accelerate recovery speed and improve voltage stability. The above analysis indicates that adjusting the VIC appropriately can slow down voltage fluctuations while maintaining recovery speed, thereby enhancing the stability of the DC network.

4.2 Simulation results of grid connection modes for different virtual inertial control strategies

The correctness of the proposed NEVs power generation strategy is verified and simulated in MATLAB R2020b/Simulink environment. The experiment is carried out with a NEV as the research object, and ANOVA test is used to select the test. At the beginning of the experiment, NEVs are connected to the grid with an AP of -4kW, achieving single power factor charging. When the time reaches 0.6s, the AP setting of NEVs is adjusted to 4kW, and it is converted to discharge to the grid at a unit power factor. By monitoring the frequency fluctuations and power output changes of the grid connection points in the monitoring system, simulation results are exhibited in Figure 11 .


Figure 11 . Frequency and AP output of grid connection points. (A) Grid connection point frequency (B) Active power output.

Figure 11A shows the frequency variation of NEVs at the grid connection point. The comparison of different VSG control strategies shows that the frequency fluctuations at the grid connection points of VRM-DC, OAIM-VIC, and LADRC-VSG are 0.18Hz, 0.14Hz, and 0.08Hz, respectively. Compared to VRM-DC and OAIM-VIC, LADRC-VSG significantly reduces the frequency of grid connection by 55% and 43%. Figure 11B shows the output variation of AP of NEVs. When given a change in AP, the dynamic process of VRM-DC’s grid connected output power lasts for 0.33 s. Under the control of OAIM-VIC and LADRC-VSG, the dynamic process of grid connected output power lasts for 0.22 s and 0.16 s, respectively. The comparison shows that the LADRC-VSG strategy has significant advantages in terms of disturbance resistance and dynamic performance. Then, under the initial conditions, the system load is set to 12kW, which means the initial given AP P * of NEVs is 12 kW. When the time is 0.7 s, the load of the system suddenly decreases to 4 kW, and the variation of the output frequency and AP of the simulated system is Figure 12 .


Figure 12 . Simulation results in island mode. (A) VSG output frequency (B) VSG output active frequency.

Figure 12A shows the VSG output power. Under VRM-DC control, the fluctuation of system output frequency caused by load changes ultimately increases by 0.2 Hz and tends to stabilize. When using OAIM-VIC control, the frequency fluctuation increases by 0.18 Hz and then returns to the rated frequency of 50 Hz. Under LADRC-VSG, the frequency fluctuation only increases by 0.09 Hz to restore to the rated frequency of 50 Hz. In Figure 12B ), after a sudden load change under three control strategies, the output AP of the system decreases from 12 kW to 4 kW. However, under LADRC-VSG, the duration of the dynamic process of system output power is the shortest, only 0.05 s. Under VRM-DC control and OAIM-VIC control, the duration is 0.1 s and 0.08 s, respectively. This indicates that the LADRC-VSG strategy performs better in terms of dynamic performance and frequency regulation ability.

Based on the above results, compared to the VRM-DC control proposed in reference ( Long et al., 2022 ) and the OAIM-VIC control strategy proposed in reference ( Khooban, 2020 ), the LADRC-VSG strategy has very superior performance in improving new energy electric vehicles. To emphasize the superiority of the research method, the performance results of the three methods are compared. The results are shown in Table 2 .


Table 2 . Comparison results.

5 Conclusion

The widespread application of NEVs PGSs has led to a series of problems such as inertia loss in automotive PGSs, and has brought adverse effects on the stable operation of the system. Therefore, this study proposed an IC-NEVsPG strategy that integrates LADRC and VSG. Firstly, an analysis was conducted on the VSG strategy, followed by the improvement of VSG using LADRC technology, which was jointly applied to the inertial control of NEVs PGSs. The results showed that adjusting the VIC appropriately could control the degree to which NEVs participate in voltage support. Under the LADRC-VSG strategy, voltage fluctuations could be effectively reduced and recovery speed could be accelerated. The changes in the frequency of NEVs at the grid connection point showed that the frequency fluctuations of VRM-DC and OAIM-VIC strategies at the grid connection point were 0.18 Hz and 0.14 Hz, respectively. The frequency fluctuation of the grid connection point under LADRC-VSG operation was 0.08 Hz. In the comparison of AP, under the control of VRM-DC, OAIM-VIC, and LADRC-VSG strategies, the dynamic process of grid connected output power lasted for 0.33 s, 0.22 s, and 0.16 s, respectively. The above data all indicate that the LADRC-VSG strategy not only provides new theoretical and technical support for the effective integration of the power grid and NEVs, but also provides practical guidance for further improving the stability and reliability of smart grids. In the future, the charging and discharging of electric vehicles will become more large-scale and orderly with the construction of large-scale charging stations, the unification of electric vehicle battery standards, and the gradual adoption of battery replacement charging methods. This will enable electric vehicles to participate in the frequency and voltage regulation of the power grid. The ability will be stronger, and the proposed control strategy will be more practical and economical. However, the experiment was analyzed and tested solely through the constructed simulation model, without any physical tests being conducted. Additionally, due to time constraints and lack of experimental conditions, only the effectiveness of the improved VSG electric vehicle charge and discharge control method was verified. This experiment failed to further verify the control effect of multiple electric vehicles participating in charging and discharging.

Data availability statement

The original contributions presented in the study are included in the article/supplementary material, further inquiries can be directed to the corresponding author.

Author contributions

MD: Data curation, Writing–original draft. HM: Conceptualization, Methodology, Writing–review and editing.

The author(s) declare that no financial support was received for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Conflict of interest

HM was employed by the China Automotive Technology and Research Center Co., Ltd.

The remaining author declares that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

Publisher’s note

All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

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Keywords: virtual synchronous generator, inertia, new energy, automobile power generation, control system, smart grid, stability

Citation: Du M and Mei H (2024) The application of virtual synchronous generator technology in inertial control of new energy vehicle power generation. Front. Mech. Eng 10:1382664. doi: 10.3389/fmech.2024.1382664

Received: 06 February 2024; Accepted: 22 March 2024; Published: 10 April 2024.

Reviewed by:

Copyright © 2024 Du and Mei. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

*Correspondence: Hailong Mei, [email protected]


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    Generate a compelling and engaging introduction for your essay or paper with FCK.School's AI-powered tool. Enter your topic and get a draft of your intro paragraph with context, thesis statement, and tone.

  18. Free Research Paper Outline Generator

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  19. Introduction Generator

    Powered by the most advanced artificial intelligence, HyperWrite Tools allow you to harness next generation AI to boost your content generation, writing, and creativity to the next level - try our writing assistant at hyperwrite.ai today!

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  21. Writing a Research Paper Introduction (with 3 Examples)

    This paragraph should both attract the reader's attention and give them the necessary information about the paper. In any academic paper, the introduction paragraph constitutes 10% of the paper's total word count. For example, if you are preparing a 3,000-word paper, your introduction paragraph should consist of approximately 300 words.

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    Free online blog introduction generator. Neuraltext is the easiest and best way to create your own unique, custom, ready-to-use article introduction. ... One sentence for the problem. Simple and direct: you're doing keyword research wrong. 3 - Propose a solution ... Generate an entire paragraph for your blog post or essay. Blog Title Generator

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  25. Frontiers

    Introduction: With the rapid development of human society and economy, the power generation technology of various new energy vehicles has begun to receive widespread attention.Methods: Due to the lack of inertia and frequency stability in the new energy vehicle power generation system, this paper proposes a power generation control method that combines linear active disturbance rejection ...