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100 Sociology Research Topics You Can Use Right Now

Tonya Thompson

Sociology is a study of society, relationships, and culture. It can include multiple topics—ranging from class and social mobility to the Internet and marriage traditions. Research in sociology is used to inform policy makers , educators , businesses , social workers , non-profits , etc.

Below are 100 sociology research topics you can use right now, divided by general topic headings. Feel free to adapt these according to your specific interest. You'll always conduct more thorough and informed research if it's a topic you're passionate about.

Sociology is a study of society, relationships, and culture.

Art, Food, Music, and Culture

  • Does art imitate life or does life imitate art?
  • How has globalization changed local culture?
  • What role does food play in cultural identity?
  • Does technology use affect people's eating habits?
  • How has fast food affected society?
  • How can clean eating change a person's life for the better?
  • Should high-sugar drinks be banned from school campuses?
  • How can travel change a person for the better?
  • How does music affect the thoughts and actions of teenagers?
  • Should performance artists be held partially responsible if someone is inspired by their music to commit a crime?
  • What are some examples of cultural misappropriation?
  • What role does music play in cultural identity?

Social Solutions and Cultural Biases

  • What (if any) are the limits of free speech in a civil society?
  • What are some reasonable solutions to overpopulation?
  • What are some ways in which different types of media content influence society's attitudes and behaviors?
  • What is the solution to stop the rise of homegrown terrorism in the U.S.?
  • Should prescription drug companies be allowed to advertise directly to consumers?
  • Is the global warming movement a hoax? Why or why not?
  • Should the drinking age be lowered?
  • Should more gun control laws be enacted in the U.S.?
  • What bias exists against people who are obese?
  • Should polygamy be legal in the U.S.? Why or why not?
  • Should there be a legal penalty for using racial slurs?
  • Should the legal working age of young people be raised or lowered?
  • Should the death penalty be used in all cases involving first-degree murder?
  • Should prisons be privately owned? Why or why not?
  • What is privilege? How is it defined and how can it be used to gain access to American politics and positions of power?
  • How are women discriminated against in the workplace?
  • What role does feminism play in current American politics?
  • What makes a patriot?
  • Compare/analyze the social views of Plato and Aristotle
  • How has labor migration changed America?
  • What important skills have been lost in an industrialized West?
  • Is the #MeToo movement an important one? Why or why not?
  • What conflict resolution skills would best serve us in the present times?
  • How can violence against women be dealt with to lower incidence rates?
  • Should students be allowed to take any subject they want in High School and avoid the ones they don't like?
  • How should bullies be dealt with in our country's schools?
  • Do standardized tests improve education or have the opposite effect?
  • Should school children be forced to go through metal detectors?
  • What is the best teacher/student ratio for enhanced learning in school?
  • Do school uniforms decrease teasing and bullying? If so, how?
  • Should teachers make more money?
  • Should public education be handled through private enterprises (like charter schools)?
  • Should religious education be given priority over academic knowledge?
  • How can schools help impoverished students in ways that won't embarrass them?
  • What are ethical values that should be considered in education?
  • Is it the state's role or the parents' role to educate children? Or a combination of both?
  • Should education be given more political priority than defense and war?
  • What would a perfect educational setting look like? How would it operate and what subjects would be taught?

Marriage and Family

  • How should a "family" be defined? Can it be multiple definitions?
  • What is a traditional role taken on by women that would be better handled by a man (and vice versa)?
  • How has marriage changed in the United States?
  • What are the effects of divorce on children?
  • Is there a negative effect on children who are adopted by a family whose ethnicity is different than their own?
  • Can children receive all they need from a single parent?
  • Does helicopter parenting negatively affect children?
  • Is marriage outdated?
  • Should teens have access to birth control without their parents' permission?
  • Should children be forced to show physical affection (hugs, etc.) to family members they're uncomfortable around?
  • What are the benefits (or negative impact) of maintaining traditional gender roles in a family?
  • Are social networks safe for preteens and teens? Why or why not?
  • Should the government have a say in who can get married?
  • What (if any) are the benefits of arranged marriages?
  • What are the benefits for (or negative impact on) children being adopted by LGBTQ couples?
  • How long should two people date before they marry?
  • Should children be forced to be involved in activities (such as sports, gymnastics, clubs, etc.), even when they'd rather sit at home and play video games all day?
  • Should parents be required to take a parenting class before having children?
  • What are potential benefits to being married but choosing not to have children?


  • Should communities take better care of their elderly? How?
  • What are some generational differences among Generations X, Y, and Z?
  • What benefits do elderly people get from interaction with children?
  • How has Generation Y changed the country so far?
  • What are the differences in communication styles between Generation X and Generation Y (Millennials)?
  • Why could we learn from our elders that could not be learned from books?
  • Should the elderly live with their immediate family (children and grandchildren)? How would this resolve some of our country's current problems?
  • What are some positive or negative consequences to intergenerational marriage?

Sociology explores themes of community and relationships.

Spiritualism, religion, and superstition

  • Why do some people believe in magic?
  • What is the difference between religion and spiritualism?
  • Should a government be a theocracy? Why or why not?
  • How has religion helped (or harmed) our country?
  • Should religious leaders be able to support a particular candidate from their pulpit?
  • How have religious cults shaped the nation?
  • Should students at religious schools be forced to take state tests?
  • How has our human connection with nature changed while being trapped in crowded cities?
  • Which generation from the past 200 years made the biggest impact on culture with their religious practice and beliefs? Explain your answer.

Addiction and Mental Health

  • How should our society deal with addicts?
  • What are ethical values that should be considered in mental health treatment?
  • Should mental health be required coverage on all insurance policies?
  • Is mental health treatment becoming less stigmatized?
  • How would better access to mental health change our country?
  • What are some things we're addicted to as a society that are not seen as "addiction," per se?
  • Should medicinal marijuana be made legal?
  • What are some alternative treatments for mental health and wellness instead of antidepressants?
  • Has social media helped or harmed our society?
  • Are video games addictive for young people and what should be done to curb the addiction?
  • Should all recreational drugs be made legal?
  • How has mental health treatment changed in the past 20 years?
  • Should recreational marijuana be made legal?
  • How is family counseling a good option for families going through conflict?
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150+ Interesting Sociology Research Topics

research paper for sociology topics

Sociological research topics are one of the most interesting kinds of research that you can do. This is because topics of sociology are not only enlightening, but they also treat important aspects of life. Many people carry out sociology science research for different reasons. You may write sociology topics for essays, or other kinds of research papers. For whatever reason that you choose to carry out your research, there are a variety of topics that you can choose from. Finding the most interesting sociology topics should not pose a serious challenge for you.

Features of a good sociological research topic

Sociology topics dive into fields of human lives that may appear simple. For instance, writing a sociological research paper on eating, disparities between human races, politics, or cultural behaviors.

Carrying out research on topics in sociology means that you are adopting scientific means to provide whatever reports that your paper would contain. Hence, good sociological topics for research papers should be; Interactive, informative, current, based on facts, unbiased, and relevant.

The importance of good sociology research topics should not be undermined. This is because it determines what your research would entail, and the results that your research would produce.

Sociology Research Paper Topics on Culture and Lifestyle

  • The general effects of art in everyday life
  • The rising significance of prostitution
  • Should babies be circumcised or get piercings even with their inability to give consent?
  • The role and importance of music in human culture
  • The significance of different dress culture
  • Addressing the controversy of the LGBTQ community
  • The rising awareness of women prowess in the society
  • Feminism and its effect on the changing society
  • Does traveling affect one’s life positively or negatively?
  • What secret societies entail
  • Should there be a universal ideal marriage culture
  • The abuse of over-the-counter drugs and its effect on health
  • The role that humans play in global warming
  • African culture and beliefsSociology topics on Rape, Crimes, and Abuse
  • Ways that people get abused emotionally and physically without knowing
  • Addressing abuse from lecturer/ teacher to student in institutions of learning
  • Ways that you abuse people emotionally and physically without knowing
  • The growing culture of blackmail through sex
  • The still occurring practice of kids marriage in different communities
  • Empowering women for self-defense
  • Helping rape victims overcome trauma
  • Why do abusers do what they do?
  • Should the punishment for rapists and abusers be more severe?
  • The implications of the death sentence on criminals
  • Looking into Innocent people that have served jail terms for crimes they did not commit.
  • Employee – employer bully
  • The importance of educating the male gender against rape
  • Factors responsible for rape
  • Drugs abuse and its effect on the society

Sociological Research Paper Topic on the Global Pandemic

  • Adapting to the changing times of the pandemic
  • Analyzing life before and after the pandemic
  • The blessings that are hidden underneath the disaster of the coronavirus
  • Debunking the myths and controversy surrounding vaccination against the deadly virus
  • How can the world better prepare for unforeseen disruptions from similar cases of COVID-19
  • Did countries of the world handle the effects of the virus in the best ways possible?
  • The effects of the COVID-19 vaccine

Social Science Research Topics on Ethnicity and Nationalism

  • How racism affects global development
  • The way forward for cohabitation between different peoples
  • The fast-rising trend of banditry and terrorism
  • The role of ethnicity and religion in global unrest
  • Countries with the highest rankings of racism and gender inequality
  • The similarities between ethnicity and racism
  • What are the disparities between modern nationalism and the traditional nationalism
  • The unifying characteristics of language
  • Acts that should be considered patriotic
  • Your obligations to the state

Sociology Essay Topics on Social Media and the Internet

  • The social media community and its role as a unifying factor
  • How the social media aided the “black lives matter” campaign
  • Should there be a restriction on access to the internet?
  • The blessing and curse of the social media
  • The effects of cyberbullying
  • The right of social media founders to restrict activities on the internet
  • Many ways that social media served as a platform for relaying extremely important information
  • Online dating; positive/ negative effects, as well as realities for couples
  • The life of social media influencers and their roles in instigating a change
  • How does public opinion affect state politics
  • Character representation in kids cartoons
  • Mass media harassment

Social Scientific Research Topics on Youth, Politics, and Sexuality

  • The subject of open sexuality in youths today
  • Why do more youths fail to participate in politics
  • Should explicit sexual contents remain censored even with how much exposure teens already have?
  • What age bracket should be classified as youths?
  • How does social media affect the behavior of youths and teens?
  • Managing the life-threatening situation in the game of politics
  • Why corruption lurks in politics
  • The role of youths in elections
  • Maintaining the voting rights of people
  • Including politics into the school curriculum
  • The right way to go about sexual education
  • The fear of coming out as gay to family and loved ones
  • Does sex play a role in a failing relationship?
  • Addressing the issue of virginity in ladies
  • The peer pressure of getting tattoos among teens

Social Research Topics on Education

  • The bully culture in schools and why it still thrives
  • Why do public schools Witness more indiscipline?
  • The right to education; the heavy demands in private schools
  • Should religion be inculcated into the basic school curriculum?
  • Helping kids deal with trauma from being bullied
  • Should every kid be assigned a teacher to monitor them?
  • How feasible will it be for students to decide which teachers they’d like to tutor them?
  • Are teachers underpaid for the services that they render?
  • How effective is the tactic of examinations and tests in helping students?
  • Should extracurricular activities be given more attention in schools?
  • Is detention an effective tool for punishing offenders in schools?
  • Handling social class discrimination in schools
  • Do students who are homeschooled get the same values as those schooled in a classroom?
  • The importance of making students wear uniforms
  • Education values

Sociology Topics for Essay on Family

  • The behavior and attitude of children in broken homes; how to help them overcome the trauma
  • The importance of DNA; should it be made compulsory when a child is born?
  • The responsibility of single parenting
  • Should women pay child support if the man has custody of their child?
  • Marriages; placing a legal age for people to get married
  • Who should propose marriage in a relationship; the man or the woman?
  • Should having children outside wedlock be considered illegal?
  • How gender equality affects relationships
  • Should there be restrictions on the number of kids a married couple can have?
  • The issue of bad parenting and the best way to handle its effect
  • Is love always the determining factor in relationships?
  • What influence do gay parents have on the sexual decision of their kids?
  • The mental effect of arranged marriages on both the parents and children
  • Why failed marriages are a common recurring event.
  • Should children be given physical painful punishments when they do the wrong things?
  • The difference between modern and past methods of parenting
  • Should family planning be made compulsory?

Sociological Paper Topics on Psychology

  • Why do people opt for euthanasia
  • The growing rate of anxiety and depression
  • Understanding the life of addiction to drugs and alcohol
  • Why do people shy away from seeking therapy after a trauma
  • The ideology behind feminism
  • The realities of PTSD
  • How families of fallen soldiers battle grief
  • Do males also go through sex discrimination?
  • Inside a teenager’s head
  • Unmasking the face behind the gothic lives of people
  • How are female sex workers discriminated against?
  • The role of religion in shaping ideology
  • How social interaction helps tackle trauma
  • Are antidepressants helpful
  • Who are feminine men?

Sociology Paper Topics on Superstition, Art, and Science

  • Do mermaids live in our midst
  • The controversy of the incomplete Christian bible
  • African historical culture; the practice of rituals
  • What is in Pandora’s box?
  • The accuracy of the big bang theory

Sociological Topics on Health

  • Why intermittent fasting?
  • Is dieting enough to lose weight?
  • The exercise culture for overweight women
  • How effective is yoga?
  • The health benefits of exercises
  • Why do people find it difficult to exercise
  • How many people invest in food
  • What happens in the gym locker rooms
  • How expensive is it to eat healthily?
  • How homeless people manage to eat healthily
  • Are food supplements healthy?
  • The phobia for hospitals
  • Why nurses may appear rude
  • Why do adults fear needles
  • The importance of drug prescription

Sociology Topics for Research Paper on Class conflict

  • Who sets the standard?
  • Family training pattern of the rich and the poor
  • The effect of class disparities in the society
  • The effect of class disparities in social gatherings
  • Do the poor hate the rich?
  • Revenue distribution between opposite sides of the state
  • Do the rich hate the poor?
  • The history of class conflict
  • The bias in class segregation
  • Should the disabled get special treatments?
  • Who belongs in the ghetto?
  • The theory of equal opportunity for all classes

Final tips on sociology research paper topics

The categories of sociology topics to research range from economy to anthropology. They vary from lifestyle, alcoholism, education, family, as you can see from the list above. Pick the one that suits you and start writing.

research paper for sociology topics

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200+ Top Sociology Research Topics

Updated 03 Jun 2024

Why is it important to choose the right research topic in sociology? There is hardly a student on our planet who intentionally writes and submits poorly written, plagiarized, or uncompleted paper. In most cases, it is a result of constant procrastination caused by lack of motivation and interests. After a few weeks of research, it appears that there is nothing left on sociology research topics. That is why choosing a question, problem, patterns, or phenomenon to research is an essential part of the work which needs time and consideration. Taking the one from lists provided by a tutor is not an option for conscious and motivated students.

The difficulty of choice is becoming more severe within the streaming growth of data scopes. 

Sociology Research Topics

Research Methods of Sociology

While it is possible to choose your methodology based on your course specifics, it is still recommended to follow one of seven research methods of sociology. These methods involve not only the purpose statement but also structure, composition, and the research methods. Starting from the use of specific surveys to the general observation, you should implement your methodology as justification for your exploration and analysis.

Consider these seven sociology research methods:

  • Implementation of Social Surveys . By turning to this method, you add data from the large social groups.
  • Identification of The Connections . It studies the causes and effects related to a certain problem.
  • Interviews.  Collecting information from actual people or specialists dealing with an issue, you make your research reliable.
  • Observation & Participation.  It usually stands for collection of statistics from a particular group being studied.
  • Ethnography.  It is a qualitative methodology that focuses on social interactions, beliefs, vision, perceptions, and behavioral patterns.
  • Longitudinal Studies.  It usually takes time as it focuses on prolonged studies to determine the scope of the problem.
  • Focus on Secondary Data Sources.  It is a synthesis of information that has been collected by fellow researchers.

What are social science topics?

Social science topics are those that deal with the scientific research into the human society and social relationships. Major disciplines falling into this category are Economics, Geography, History, Archaeology, Anthropology, Politics, Law, Linguistics, Psychology, and Sociology.

What is a sociological topic?

By contrast, essays on sociology are more narrowly focused – they normally deal with the study of the structure, development, and functioning of human society, including social relationships, various social institutions and interactions between them.

What are some good sociology research topics?

Some good research topics in sociology deal with the institution of family and the changes it underwent throughout history up to now, social media and its impact on individuals and society, sociology of gender including that of sexual minorities, social movements and groups, social stereotypes.

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Tips on How to Choose a Good Topic for Sociology Research

Choosing a good topic for your sociology research should clearly outline a problem or make an argument that you want to make. It is recommended to avoid too general or vague statements that can be read or understood differently. The trick is to come up with those Sociology topics that inspire you and help your readers to find the solutions. Remember about plagiarism issues by always referencing each source and quote that you have. Here are the steps to consider as you make your choice:

  • Think over good ideas as you research your sociology research paper topics.
  • Choose only something that inspires you.
  • Address relevant social issues.
  • Compose a list of keywords that relate to your topic idea.
  • Think over relevant sources as you compose your thesis statement.
  • Always narrow your topic down to reflect the precise problem.
  • Identify sociology research methodology for your paper.
  • Provide not only your opinion but the counter-arguments as well.
  • Remember to compose your Bibliography in advance as you encounter each useful source.
  • Always make your topic's wording related to your thesis statement.
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Sociology Research Topics Ideas

Sociology includes a systematic plan for gathering and analyzing observations about the world. Determine the field that you find exciting. Finding problematic questions is the next step. The last research paper step is determining that there is enough literature on specific topic. Defining the field and unsettled questions will give you an idea of what to start with and how to work on research.

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Sociology Research Paper Topics for College Students

  • The Impact of Social Media on College Students' Mental Health
  • Diversity and Inclusion in Higher Education
  • The Sociology of Online Learning
  • Campus Culture and Student Activism
  • The Gig Economy and College Students
  • Gender Dynamics in College Sports
  • The Effects of Student Loan Debt on Post-College Life
  • Cultural Adaptation and International Students
  • Social Networking and Interpersonal Relationships in College
  • Mental Health Services on College Campuses
  • The Role of Greek Life in College Social Structure
  • Sustainability and Environmental Activism in Colleges
  • The Digital Divide and Educational Inequality in College
  • Body Image and Eating Disorders in College Populations
  • The Impact of COVID-19 on College Student Life

Sociology Research Topics on Family

Review sociology research topics list and choose the one that reflects your personal interests!

  • The Evolution of Family Structures in the 21st Century
  • Impact of Divorce on Children's Psychological Well-being
  • Single Parenting and Its Effects on Child Development
  • The Role of Extended Family in Modern Society
  • Cross-Cultural Comparisons of Family Dynamics
  • The Influence of Technology on Family Interactions
  • Work-Life Balance and Its Impact on Family Relationships
  • Adoption and Its Long-Term Effects on Families
  • The Changing Roles of Gender in Household Responsibilities
  • The Effects of Economic Stress on Family Units
  • Intergenerational Relationships and Family Dynamics
  • Same-Sex Parenting and Its Social Implications
  • The Impact of Immigration on Family Structures
  • Child-free by Choice: Reasons and Societal Responses
  • The Role of Family in Elderly Care and Aging
Read also: Where to get  help writing research papers when the task is too complicated?

Sociology of Nationality and Race

Nationality is an example of the most contradictive topics. It is always hot and actual!

  • The Impact of Globalization on National Identity
  • Racial and Ethnic Inequality in Education Systems
  • The Role of Race in Political Representation and Participation
  • Nationalism and Xenophobia in the 21st Century
  • Interracial Relationships and Social Perceptions
  • The Sociology of Immigration and Assimilation
  • Ethnic Minorities and Access to Healthcare
  • Cultural Retention vs. Assimilation among Immigrant Communities
  • Race and Policing: A Sociological Analysis
  • The Influence of Race on Employment Opportunities and Workplace Dynamics
  • Media Representation of Different Races and Nationalities
  • The Impact of Colonialism on Contemporary Racial Dynamics
  • Social Movements and Race: From Civil Rights to Black Lives Matter
  • The Role of Language in Shaping National and Racial Identity
  • Racial Stereotypes and Their Impact on Young People

Sociology Research Topics on Human Rights

  • The Sociological Impact of Refugee Crises on Human Rights
  • Gender Equality and Human Rights in the Workplace
  • The Role of Social Media in Human Rights Advocacy
  • Human Trafficking: Sociological Perspectives and Solutions
  • The Rights of Indigenous Peoples in Modern Societies
  • The Impact of Globalization on Labor Rights
  • LGBTQ+ Rights and Social Acceptance Across Cultures
  • Children's Rights and Child Labor in Developing Countries
  • The Sociological Aspects of Freedom of Speech and Censorship
  • Disability Rights and Inclusion in Society
  • The Intersection of Race and Policing: Human Rights Implications
  • Women's Rights in Traditional Societies
  • The Sociological Impact of Climate Change on Human Rights
  • The Rights of the Elderly in Aging Societies
  • Privacy Rights in the Digital Age: A Sociological Perspective

Sociology of Social Media

Modern sociology research paper topics are here:

  • The Influence of Social Media on Teenage Social Development
  • Social Media's Role in Shaping Public Opinion
  • The Impact of Social Media on Political Mobilization and Activism
  • Cyberbullying and Its Sociological Implications
  • Social Media Addiction: Causes and Effects
  • The Role of Social Media in Relationship Formation and Maintenance
  • Privacy and Surveillance on Social Media Platforms
  • The Spread of Misinformation and Fake News on Social Media
  • Social Media Influencers and Their Impact on Youth Culture
  • The Digital Divide: Access to Social Media in Different Socioeconomic Groups
  • Social Media and Mental Health: A Sociological Analysis
  • The Role of Social Media in Cultural Globalization
  • Social Media and Body Image Perceptions Among Adolescents
  • Social Media as a Tool for Social Change and Awareness Campaigns
  • The Evolution of Language and Communication in the Age of Social Media

Sociology Research Topics on Interpersonal Communication

  • The Impact of Non-Verbal Communication in Different Cultures
  • The Role of Technology in Shaping Modern Interpersonal Communication
  • Communication Styles and Conflict Resolution in Relationships
  • The Influence of Social Media on Face-to-Face Communication
  • Language Barriers and Their Impact on Social Integration
  • The Effects of Digital Communication on Empathy and Emotional Intelligence
  • Gender Differences in Communication Styles and Perceptions
  • The Role of Communication in Maintaining Long-Distance Relationships
  • Interpersonal Communication in the Workplace: Hierarchies and Power Dynamics
  • The Impact of Cultural Differences on Communication in Multicultural Societies
  • Communication Challenges in Inter-Generational Relationships
  • The Psychology of Persuasion and Influence in Social Interactions
  • The Role of Active Listening in Effective Communication
  • Communication Strategies for Conflict Management and Resolution
  • The Impact of Social Isolation on Communication Skills and Social Interaction.

Sociology Research Topics on Stereotypes

  • The Formation and Impact of Gender Stereotypes in Society
  • Racial Stereotypes and Their Influence on Social Interactions
  • Stereotyping and Prejudice in Educational Settings
  • The Media's Role in Perpetuating Ethnic Stereotypes
  • Age Stereotypes and Ageism in the Workplace
  • The Impact of Stereotyping on Mental Health
  • Stereotypes in the Criminal Justice System
  • The Effects of Stereotyping in Sports and Athletics
  • Cultural Stereotypes and Their Impact on International Relations
  • Stereotypes and Body Image: Societal Expectations and Self-Perception
  • The Role of Stereotypes in Political Discourse and Ideology
  • Stereotypes in Advertising and Consumer Behavior
  • Disability Stereotypes and Social Inclusion
  • Breaking Down Stereotypes: Strategies for Social Change
  • The Influence of Social Media on the Formation and Spread of Stereotypes.

Sociology of Gender

  • The Evolution of Gender Roles in Modern Society
  • Gender Inequality in the Workplace
  • The Impact of Media on Gender Perceptions and Stereotypes
  • Gender and Education: Differences in Learning and Academic Achievement
  • The Sociology of Transgender and Non-Binary Identities
  • Masculinity and Mental Health: Societal Expectations and Realities
  • Feminism in the 21st Century: Achievements and Challenges
  • Gender and Sexuality: Social Attitudes and Changing Norms
  • The Role of Gender in Political Leadership and Representation
  • Gender Dynamics in Family Structures and Parenting
  • Gender-Based Violence: Societal Causes and Responses
  • The Intersection of Gender and Race in Social Stratification
  • Gender and Technology: Access, Usage, and Representation
  • The Impact of Gender Stereotypes in Sports and Physical Education
  • Gender and Religion: Traditional Roles and Contemporary Shifts.

Sociology of Youth Culture

The most involving sociology topics for research among youth. Best ideas relating to hobbies, subcultures, and sports are here:

  • The Influence of Social Media on Youth Culture and Identity
  • Trends in Music and Fashion Among Today's Youth
  • The Role of Technology in Shaping Youth Interactions and Relationships
  • Youth Subcultures and Their Societal Impact
  • The Changing Landscape of Teenage Communication in the Digital Age
  • Youth Activism and Political Engagement in Contemporary Society
  • The Impact of Globalization on Youth Culture and Identity
  • Mental Health Issues Among Adolescents in Modern Society
  • The Effects of Peer Pressure and Social Expectations on Teenagers
  • Youth and Education: Attitudes Towards School and Learning
  • The Representation of Youth in Media and Popular Culture
  • The Influence of Celebrity Culture on Teenagers' Values and Aspirations
  • Youth Unemployment and Its Social Consequences
  • The Role of Sports and Recreation in Youth Development
  • The Impact of Family Dynamics on Youth Behavior and Attitudes.

Research Topics in Educational Sociology

  • The Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Educational Achievement
  • Gender Disparities in Academic Performance and Subject Preferences
  • The Role of Cultural Capital in Educational Success
  • The Effects of School Climate on Student Learning and Behavior
  • Educational Inequality and Access to Resources
  • The Influence of Teacher Expectations on Student Performance
  • The Sociological Implications of Standardized Testing
  • The Impact of Technology and Digital Learning on Education
  • School-to-Prison Pipeline: Sociological Perspectives
  • The Role of Parental Involvement in Student Academic Outcomes
  • Bullying in Schools: Causes, Effects, and Interventions
  • The Effects of School Choice and Educational Policy on Communities
  • The Role of Education in Social Mobility
  • Multicultural Education and Curriculum Development
  • The Sociological Impact of Homeschooling and Alternative Education Models.

The Sociology of Social Movements

  • The Role of Social Media in Modern Social Movements
  • Grassroots Movements: Formation, Mobilization, and Impact
  • The Influence of Political Climate on Social Movement Emergence
  • Environmental Movements and Their Societal Impact
  • The Dynamics of Leadership in Social Movements
  • Gender and Participation in Social Movements
  • The Impact of Globalization on Transnational Social Movements
  • Social Movements and Policy Change: Mechanisms and Outcomes
  • The Role of Art and Culture in Social Movements
  • The Psychology Behind Collective Action and Social Movement Participation
  • The Impact of Economic Conditions on Labor and Worker Movements
  • Identity Politics and Social Movements
  • The Evolution of Civil Rights Movements Across Decades
  • Social Movements and the Media: Framing and Public Perception
  • The Effectiveness of Nonviolent vs. Violent Strategies in Social Movements.

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Sociology Research Topics on Social Issues and Cultural Biases

  • The Sociological Impact of Racial Profiling and Discrimination
  • Gender Bias in the Workplace: Causes and Consequences
  • The Influence of Media on Cultural Stereotyping
  • Social Inequality and Access to Healthcare
  • The Effects of Poverty on Child Development and Education
  • Ageism in Modern Society: Causes and Impacts
  • The Role of Religion in Shaping Cultural Biases
  • Immigration and Xenophobia: Societal Causes and Effects
  • LGBTQ+ Discrimination and Social Acceptance
  • The Impact of Language Barriers on Social Integration
  • Social Stigma and Mental Health: A Sociological Perspective
  • The Role of Education in Overcoming Cultural Biases
  • The Effects of Urbanization on Community and Social Relationships
  • The Sociological Aspects of Body Image and Beauty Standards
  • The Impact of Social Media on the Perpetuation of Cultural Biases.

Medical Sociology Research Topics

  • The Impact of Socioeconomic Status on Access to Healthcare
  • Cultural Beliefs and Their Influence on Health Practices
  • The Sociology of Mental Health and Illness
  • Health Disparities and Inequalities in Different Communities
  • The Role of Social Networks in Health and Illness
  • The Stigma Associated with Chronic Illnesses and Disabilities
  • The Impact of Healthcare Policies on Patient Outcomes
  • Doctor-Patient Relationships: Communication and Trust
  • The Sociological Implications of Emerging Medical Technologies
  • The Effect of Workplace Environment on Employee Health
  • Social Determinants of Health Behaviors and Outcomes
  • The Impact of Globalization on Public Health Issues
  • Ethical Issues in Medical Sociology: Euthanasia, Abortion, and Bioethics
  • The Role of Religion and Spirituality in Health and Healing
  • The Sociological Aspects of Aging and Geriatric Healthcare.

Environmental Sociology Topics

  • The Sociological Impact of Climate Change on Communities
  • Environmental Justice and Inequality
  • The Role of Social Movements in Environmental Policy Change
  • Urbanization and Its Environmental Consequences
  • Societal Attitudes Towards Renewable Energy and Sustainability
  • The Intersection of Economy and Environment: Sociological Perspectives
  • Cultural Influences on Environmental Practices and Ethics
  • The Social Dimensions of Water Scarcity and Management
  • Environmental Racism and Its Impact on Marginalized Communities
  • Consumerism and Its Impact on the Environment
  • The Sociology of Natural Disasters: Preparedness and Response
  • The Role of Education in Promoting Environmental Awareness
  • The Impact of Agricultural Practices on the Environment
  • The Relationship Between Population Growth and Environmental Degradation
  • The Influence of Media on Public Perception of Environmental Issues.

Food Sociology Research Topics

  • The Cultural Significance of Food in Different Societies
  • The Impact of Globalization on Local Food Traditions
  • Societal Attitudes Towards Vegetarianism and Veganism
  • Food Insecurity and Its Social Implications
  • The Role of Food in Social Identity and Group Dynamics
  • The Sociology of Eating Disorders and Body Image
  • The Impact of Fast Food Culture on Health and Society
  • Food Deserts and Access to Healthy Food in Urban Areas
  • The Social and Cultural Aspects of Cooking and Meal Preparation
  • The Influence of Social Media on Food Trends and Eating Habits
  • The Relationship Between Food, Class, and Status
  • The Sociology of Food Labeling and Consumer Choices
  • Ethical and Sociological Implications of Genetically Modified Foods
  • The Role of Food in Festivals and Social Gatherings
  • The Intersection of Food and Environmental Sustainability.

Writing  custom college paper on interesting sociology research topic for students makes you not only a better student but also a good specialist in a field. Approving or disapproving hypothesis may appear more exciting than it seems. Remember to choose only topics in sociology related to your personal interests. It turns projects into an exciting process. Be it a lab report, essays, research papers , course works, term papers, theses, or other projects, a team of professional writers is always there to help you. Request a sample now - check out how easy it is.

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Sociology Research Topics

Nova A.

Easy Sociology Research Topics for Your Next Project

13 min read

Published on: May 12, 2023

Last updated on: Jan 30, 2024

Sociology Research Topics

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Are you looking for a fresh and exciting topic for your next research project?Coming up with an impactful topic is sometimes the hardest part of writing research.

You’re at the right place! This blog will put an end to your topics research.

We understand the struggle of finding a topic that both interests you and meets the criteria set by your professors. That's why we've made a list of the best topics, covering everything from social movements to race and gender.

Not only will you find impressive topics, but our tips will ensure you'll have a head start on your project.

So sit back, relax, and get ready to be inspired by some incredible topics for your sociology research!

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Sociology Research Topics for Students

As previously discussed, sociological studies cover different areas of life. It ranges from simple social psychology topics to social science topics. Here we have mentioned unique ideas for students to write their sociology papers.

Sociology Research Topics for High School Students

  • Discuss the reasons for overpopulation.
  • Discuss the solution to stop terrorism in the United States.
  • Why should the drinking age be lowered?
  • What are the limitations to free speech?
  • Why should gun control laws be enacted worldwide?
  • Discuss the role of feminism in current American politics.
  • How can we deal with the violence against women?
  • Compare the social views of Plato and Aristotle.
  • How should communities take better care of their elderly?
  • What benefits do older adults get from the interaction with children?

Sociology Research Topics for College Students

  • What are the major reasons behind school violence?
  • What causes social isolation?
  • How to stop bullying at school and college?
  • Should children be allowed to transition?
  • Discuss the effects of social media on college students.
  • Discuss the role of countries, languages, and nationalities at schools.
  • How can the harassment and bullying on social media be controlled?
  • Discuss the reasons behind childhood obesity.
  • How are children and teenagers affected by the mass media?
  • How should our society deal with addicts?

Sociology Research Topics on Education

  • Should students be allowed to take any subject they want in colleges?
  • Do school uniforms decrease teasing and bullying?
  • Why should teachers make more money?
  • Should public education be handled through private enterprises?
  • Should religious education be given priority over academic knowledge?
  • What are ethical values that should be considered in education?
  • What would a perfect educational setting look like?
  • What is the best teacher/student ratio for enhanced learning?
  • What are the pros and cons of standardized testing?
  • Discuss the strategies for dealing with difficult students.

Medical Sociology Research Topics

  • Discuss the inequalities in health care and social classes.
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of plastic surgery?
  • Bodybuilding: Is it safe for health?
  • Discuss different beauty standards and their impact on health.
  • What are the effects of medicines on the human body?
  • How are mental health and physical health related?
  • Discuss the social effects of mental disorders.
  • How can we achieve health equity?
  • How can happiness cure diseases?
  • Discuss how different treatment methods are evolved?

Environmental Sociology Research Topics

  • What is meant by ecological culture?
  • Discuss the concept of ecological education.
  • Discuss the overview of global ecological movements.
  • What is the impact of the environment on society?
  • How can humans establish rational relationships with nature?
  • Discuss eco-feminism and its impact on social norms.
  • What are the negative effects of industrial wastes on the environment?
  • How is climate change related to global warming?
  • How does an ecosystem work?
  • What is the process of recycling?

Looking for some psychology research topics ? Check out this blog.

Drugs and Crime Topics for Sociology Research Papers

  • The relationship between drug addiction and criminal behavior
  • The impact of drug laws and policies on rates of drug-related crime
  • The role of race and ethnicity in drug-related arrests and convictions
  • The effectiveness of drug treatment programs in reducing criminal recidivism
  • The connection between drug trafficking and organized crime
  • The use of drug courts as an alternative to traditional criminal justice approaches
  • The impact of the opioid epidemic on crime rates and public health
  • The relationship between drug use and domestic violence
  • The impact of legalization of marijuana on crime rates and drug-related offenses
  • The role of social and economic factors in drug use and drug-related crime.

Culture and Society Sociology Research Topics

  • The ethics and impact of cultural appropriation in the fashion industry.
  • How social media shapes and influences cultural norms and values
  • The role of popular culture in shaping social attitudes and behaviors
  • The effects of immigration on cultural integration and adaptation
  • The relationship between culture and power, particularly in terms of social hierarchies
  • The intersection of race, ethnicity, and culture in shaping social experiences and inequalities
  • The role of religion in shaping cultural practices and social structures
  • How language shapes cultural identity and social relationships
  • The effects of cultural pluralism on social cohesion and conflict
  • The impact of cultural hegemony on marginalized and minority communities.

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Sociology Research Topics on Gender

  • How are young women presented in social media?
  • Compare the wage gap between the genders in different states.
  • Why should we promote equal opportunities for men and women?
  • What does it mean to be transgender?
  • Discuss the empowerment of women in sports
  • What can be done to make the environment safer for women?
  • Why are girls at greater risk of sexual violence?
  • How can we teach men and women about their equal rights?
  • Discuss the challenges that women face at the workplace.
  • Discuss the contribution of women in the development of the world economy.

Sociology Research Topics on Family

  • How should a family be defined?
  • Discuss the negative effect on children adopted by a family of different ethnicity.
  • Why should parents take a parenting class before having children?
  • How can a family’s behavior affect a child’s education?
  • Discuss the effects of divorce on children.
  • How long should two people date before they marry?
  • What are the positive and negative consequences of single parenting?
  • Discuss family policies in western societies.
  • What are the benefits of arranged marriage?
  • Discuss the benefits of being married.

Relationship-Related Sociology Research Topics

  • The impact of social media on modern dating practices
  • The influence of cultural norms on the formation of intimate relationships
  • The effect of parenting styles on the development of romantic relationships
  • The role of attachment style in relationship satisfaction and longevity
  • The impact of gender roles on romantic relationships
  • The influence of religion on relationship formation and success
  • The effect of socioeconomic status on relationship dynamics
  • The role of power and control in abusive relationships
  • The impact of technology on long-distance relationships.
  • The effects of helicopter parenting on child development and well-being

Sociology Research Topics on Religion

  • How can we differentiate religion and spiritualism?
  • Discuss the role of religion in helping or harming our country.
  • Discuss the relationship between a class and religion.
  • Why do some young people believe in magic?
  • How does religion influences terrorism?
  • How have religious leaders shaped a country’s policy?
  • Why must students at religious schools be forced to take standardized tests?
  • What is the relationship between class and religion?
  • How religion affects everyday life?
  • Why is religion important to nationalism?

Need tips to write a successful sociology research paper? This video is a must-watch.

Sociology Research Topics on Race

  • How are race and class related?
  • Discuss racial segregation in cities.
  • What is the difference between ethnic culture and race?
  • How ethnicity affects class?
  • Discuss racial stereotypes and their effects.
  • How can racism in workplaces be controlled?
  • Are ethnicity and nationality the same thing?
  • Do race, nationality, and ethnicity affect self-esteem?
  • How did white people become white?
  • Discuss the sociology of race and ethnic relations.

Not sure how to start your essay? This research paper outline can help you get your ideas together!

Urban Sociology Research Topics

  • Discuss the urban sociology crises.
  • How can we resolve urban inequalities?
  • Discuss the concept of urbanization in the United States.
  • What are the urban political strategies in times of crisis?
  • Discuss the important urban issues in the developing world.
  • Discuss the politics of informal urbanization.
  • Discuss changes within the urban environment.
  • Discuss class, gender, and age as a factor of inequality.
  • How are urban sustainability and global environmental crisis related?
  • What are the social responses to urban social movements?

Rural Sociology Research Topics

  • Discuss rural sociology in Brazil and its effects on institutional growth.
  • Explain the social impacts of implementing the rural revival program.
  • What is the end of rural society and the future of rural sociology?
  • Discuss migration dynamics in the development of rural South Africa.
  • Discuss the reasons behind the population growth in rural America.
  • What is shaping rural areas in Europe?
  • What is the effect of community banks on rural development?
  • What is the impact of commercial banks on rural development?
  • What is the role of financial institutions in agricultural development?
  • Discuss the role of small-scale industries in rural development.

Easy Sociology Research Topics

  • What is the relationship between family size and income level? 
  • Discuss the impact of religion on people's daily lives.
  • How does poverty affect mental health?
  • Discuss the effects of media on body image. 
  • What are the differences between urban and rural life in terms of culture?
  • What is the role of social networks in influencing consumer behavior?
  • What is the impact of globalization on developing countries?
  • How does culture affect decision-making processes?
  • Discuss the effects of immigration on a country's economy.
  • Discuss the role of education in promoting social change.

Sociology Research Topics on Health and Awareness

  • What is the impact of lifestyle choices on health? 
  • Discuss how cultural factors shape people's views on health and wellness.
  • What is the role of nutrition in promoting healthy habits? 
  • How does access to healthcare affect people's well-being? 
  • Discuss the link between poverty and poor health outcomes. 
  • How do gender roles influence people's health decisions? 
  • What is the role of government in promoting public health awareness? 
  • Discuss how media influences people's perceptions of health and wellness. 
  • How do social networks affect people’s attitudes toward healthcare? 
  • Discuss the effects of environmental pollution on human health.

Sociology Research Topics on Mental Health

  • Discuss the impact of mental health stigma on people's lives.
  • What is the relationship between mental health and physical well-being? 
  • How does stress affect people's mental health? 
  • Discuss the effects of trauma on mental health. 
  • What are the challenges faced by those with mental illnesses in accessing healthcare services? 
  • How do substance abuse and mental health interrelate? 
  • What is the relationship between poverty and mental illness? 
  • Discuss the impact of media on people's perceptions of mental health. 
  • How do gender roles influence people's attitudes toward mental health? 
  • Discuss how social support networks can help those with mental illnesses.

Stuck on choosing a history research paper topic ? Get ideas from this informative blog.

Sociology Research Topics on Social Media

  • What is the impact of social media on people’s communication habits? 
  • Discuss how online networks have changed the way we interact with one another.
  • How does social media influence consumer behavior? 
  • Discuss the effects of digital divides on access to information. 
  • What is the relationship between political participation and social media use?  
  • What is the role of social media in promoting civic engagement? 
  • Discuss the influence of online networks on forming relationships. 
  • How does online communication impact offline interaction? 
  • What are the effects of cyberbullying on young people’s mental health? 
  • Discuss how algorithms shape people's experiences with social media.

Political Sociology Research Topics

  • Discuss the impact of political ideologies on public opinion. 
  • What is the role of government in promoting social justice?  
  • How do power dynamics shape international relations? 
  • What are the effects of civil wars on people’s lives? 
  • Discuss gender roles in politics and their implications. 
  • What are the impacts of economic inequality on political participation?  
  • Discuss the role of media in forming public opinion. 
  • How does corruption shape decision-making processes? 
  • What are the effects of authoritarianism on civil liberties? 
  • Discuss how technology has changed the way people interact with government institutions. 

How to Choose a Sociology Research Paper Topic?

The ability to develop a research paper is an art. Sometimes the instructor may assign you a topic, but you can also come up with a topic of your interest.  Below are the essential tips to follow for choosing a sociology topic for research papers:

  • Brainstorm and make a list of good topic ideas for your sociology paper.
  • Choose the topic from the list that you have knowledge about.
  • Decide on the most current social issues.
  • Make a list of keywords for the sociological topics.
  • Pick an idea that enables you to read and understand the literature.
  • Make sure that the topic is manageable.
  • Ensure that enough material is available to conduct research.
  • Choose an appropriate sociology research method.
  • Define your topic as a focused research question.

The Bottom Line! Now you can choose an engaging idea from the above-given list of good research topics for sociology. Hopefully, they will be enough to help you get started with papers covering sociological ideas.

However, if you’re still unsure about choosing  research paper topics  for your sociology papers, we can help. Consult the professional writers at  CollegeEssay.org to get the most reliable help with your college essays and research papers.

They will not only help you with finding an interesting topic but will also assist in the writing process. Just provide us your specifications and leave the rest to our experts.

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100+ Best Sociology Research Topics


Table of contents

  • 1 What is Sociology Research Paper?
  • 2 Tips on How To Choose a Good Sociology Research Topic
  • 3 Culture and Society Sociology Research Topics
  • 4 Urban Sociology Topics
  • 5 Education Sociology Research Topics
  • 6 Race and Ethnicity Sociology Research Topics
  • 7 Medicine and Mental Health Sociology Research Topics
  • 8 Family Sociology Research Topics
  • 9 Environmental Sociology Research Topics
  • 10 Crime Sociology Research Topics
  • 11 Sociology Research Topics for High School Students
  • 12.1 Conclusion

As the name suggests, Sociology is one topic that provides users with information about social relations. Sociology cuts into different areas, including family and social networks.

As the name suggests, Sociology is one topic that provides users with information about social relations. Sociology cuts into different areas, including family and social networks. It cuts across all other categories of relationships that involve more than one communicating human. Hence this is to say that sociology, as a discipline and research interest, studies the behaviour and nature of humans when associating with each other.

Sociology generally involves research. It analyses empirical data to conclude humans psychology. Factor analysis is one of the popular tools with which sociology research is carried out. Other tools that stand out are research papers.

Sociology research topics and research are deep data-based studies. With which experts learn more about the human-to-human association and their respective psychology. There are dedicated easy sociology research topics on gender and sociology research topics for college students. They are majorly passed on as a thesis. This article will consider Sociology Research papers and different types of essay topics relevant to modern times.

What is Sociology Research Paper?

A sociology Research paper or essay is written in a format similar to a report. It is fundamentally rooted in statistical analysis, Interviews, questionnaires, text analysis, and many more metrics. It is a sociology research paper because it includes studying the human state in terms of living, activity, couples and family association, and survival.

The most demanding part of a sociology research writing project is drafting a quantitative analysis. Many college projects and post-graduate theses will require quantitative analysis for results. However, sociology topics for traditional purposes may only need textual analysis founded on simple close-end questionnaires.

To write a sociology research topic, one will need to know the problem and how to get the needed solution. A sociology project must have a problem, a hypothesis, and the possible best solution for solving it. It must also be unique, which means it is not just a piece of writing that can be lifted anywhere from the internet. It is best to pay for a research paper founded on sociology to know how to create an excellent context matter or use it for your project.

Tips on How To Choose a Good Sociology Research Topic

It is one thing to understand the concept of a research topic and another to know how to write a sociology paper . There are processes and things that must be followed for a research paper to come outright. It includes researching, outlining, planning, and organizing the steps.

It is important to have a systematic arrangement of your steps. This is done in other to get excellent Sociology research topic ideas. The steps to getting perfect Sociology research paper topics are outlined below.

  • Choose a topic  that works with your Strength While it may be tempting to pick a unique topic, you should go for one that you can easily work on. This is very important as you will be able to provide a strong case. That is when dealing with a subject you understand compared to one that you barely know how works. Unless otherwise stated, always choose a topic you understand.
  • Pick a good Scope The next step you should take after selecting a topic is to narrow it to a problem or several related problems that a single hypothesis can conveniently encompass. This will help you achieve a better concentration of effort and give you a very strong ground as you know the direction of the research before you even start.

While these steps are significant, you should have a concrete understanding of sociology to craft a standard project. If that is a little complex for you, you should buy a research paper on sociology at affordable prices to get what you want. You can find several reliable service providers online.

Culture and Society Sociology Research Topics

Culture and society are the foundation of sociology research projects. Humans are divided into different cultures and are categorized into societies. There is a sense of class, status, and, sadly, race bias. Sociology paper projects usually focus on these metrics to understand why humans act the way they do and what is expected over the years.

This section will consider the best sociology research paper topics examples that you can work with.

  • The effect of cultural appropriation in the long term.
  • The effect of media on human attitude and behavior.
  • How political differences affect friendship and family relationships.
  • Important social justice issues affecting society.
  • Association between political affiliation and religion.
  • Adult children who care for their children while also caring for their aged parents.
  • Senior citizens who are beyond retirement age and still in the workforce.
  • The effect and evolution of cancel culture.
  • Public distrust in political appointees and elected officials.
  • The unique separation challenges that those who work from home face in their workplace.


Urban Sociology Topics

With immense progress in every sector and the continuous evolution of technology, the conventional and more conservative way of association is fading off. These days, almost every person wants to be associated with the urban lifestyle. This section considers Easy sociology research titles in urban lifestyles and what they hold for the future.

  • The human relationship and social media.
  • Characteristics of long-lasting childhood relationship.
  • Industrial Revolution and its impact on a relationship and family structure.
  • Factors that lead to divorce.
  • Urban spacing and policy.
  • Urban services as regards local welfare.
  • Socialisation: how it has evolved over time.
  • Infertility and its impact on marriage success.
  • Marginalised and vulnerable groups in urban areas.

Education Sociology Research Topics

Education is social. The younger age group of any society population is the target of sociology research. Most Sociology Research Topics on Education focus on how teenagers and young adults relate with themselves, modernized equipment, and the available resources.

Here are some topics on Education Sociology Research Topic:

  • The relationship between success in school and socioeconomic status.
  • To what extent do low-income families rely on the school to provide food for their children?
  • The outcome of classroom learning compared to homeschool pupils.
  • How does peer pressure affect school children?
  • To what extent do standardized admission tests determine college success?
  • What is the link between k-12 success and college success?
  • The role of school attendance on children’s social skills progress.
  • How to promote equality among school children from economic handicap backgrounds.
  • The bias prevalent in the k-12 curricula approved by the state.
  • The effect of preschool on a child’s elementary school success.

Race and Ethnicity Sociology Research Topics

Race and ethnicity are major categories in sociology, and as such, there are many sociology research topics and ideas that you can select from. This section considers several race-based titles for research.

  • The race-based bias that happens in the workplace.
  • Pros and cons of interracial marriages.
  • Areas of life where race-based discrimination is prevalent.
  • Racial stereotypes have the potential to destroy people’s life.
  • How does nationality determine career development?
  • Assimilation and immigration.
  • Voter’s behaviour towards gender and race.
  • Gender and racial wage gaps.
  • As an American immigrant, how do I become a validated voter?
  • Underpinning ethics of nationality, ethnicity, and race.


Medicine and Mental Health Sociology Research Topics

Medical sociology research topics ideas are among the more social science project work option available to social scientists. Society has always affected the growth of medicine and mental health, and some data back this claim.

There are many medicines & mental health Sociological Topics that you can work on, and the major ones are considered in this section.

  • The impact of COVID-19 on our health.
  • Is milk harmful to adults, or is it another myth?
  • Unhealthy and healthy methods of dealing with stress.
  • Is it ethical to transplant organs?
  • How do people become addicts?
  • How does lack of regular sleep affect our health?
  • The effect of sugar consumption on our health.
  • The effects of bullying on the person’s mental health.
  • The relationship between social depression or anxiety and social media presence.
  • The effects of school shootings on students’ mental health, parents, staff, and faculty.

Family Sociology Research Topics

Sociology research topics on family are one of the more interesting sociology-based topics that researchers and experts consider. Here are some topics in family sociology research topics.

  • How does divorce affect children?
  • The impact of cross-racial adoption on society and children.
  • The impact of single parenting on children.
  • Social programs are designed for children who have challenges communicating with their parents.
  • Sociology of marriage and families.
  • How to quit helicopter parenting.
  • The expectation of parents on the work that nannies do.
  • Should children learn gender studies from childhood?
  • Can a healthy kid be raised in an unconventional family?
  • How much should parents influence their children’s attitudes, behaviour, and decisions?

Environmental Sociology Research Topics

This section considers sociology research titles on the environment

  • Should green energy be used instead of atomic energy sources?
  • The relationship between nature and consumerism culture.
  • The bias from the media during environmental issues coverage.
  • Political global changes are resulting in environmental challenges.
  • How to prevent industrial waste from remote areas of the world.
  • Utilising of natural resources and the digital era.
  • Why middle school students should be taught social ecology.
  • What is the connection between environmental conditions and group behaviour?
  • How can the condition of an environment affect its population, public health, economic livelihoods, and everyday life?
  • The relationship between economic factors and environmental conditions.

Crime Sociology Research Topics

There are multiple Sociology research topics on crime that researchers can create projects on. Here are the top choices to select from.

  • The crime rate changes in places where marijuana is legalised.
  • How does the unemployment rate influence crime?
  • The relationship between juvenile crime and the social, economic status of the family.
  • Factors that determine gang membership or affiliation.
  • How does upbringing affect adult anti-social behaviour?
  • How does cultural background and gender affect how a person views drug abuse.
  • The relationship between law violation and mental health.
  • How can gun possession be made safe with stricter laws?
  • The difference between homicide and murder.
  • The difference between criminal and civil cases.

Sociology Research Topics for High School Students

High school students are a major part of sociology research due to the peculiarity of the population. Here are some topics in sociology research.

  • The effect of social media usage in the classroom.
  • The impact of online communication on one’s social skills.
  • The difference between spiritualism and religion.
  • Should males and females have the same rights in the workplace?
  • How gender and role stereotypes are presented on TV.
  • The effect of music and music education on teenagers.
  • The effect of globalisation on various cultures.
  • What influences the problematic attitudes of young people towards their future.
  • The effect of meat consumption on our environment.
  • The factors contributing to the rate of high school dropouts.

Sociology Research Topics for College Students

Several sociology research topics focus on college students, and this section will consider them.

  • Immigration and assimilation.
  • Big cities and racial segregation.
  • Multicultural Society and dominant cultures.
  • College students and social media.
  • The role of nationalities and language at school.
  • School adolescents and their deviant behaviour.
  • Ways of resolving conflict while on campus.
  • Social movements impact the awareness of bullying.
  • The role models of the past decade versus the ones in recent times.
  • The effect of changes in the educational field on new students.

Sociology is a fascinating field of study, and there are plenty of compelling research topics to choose from. Writing an essay on sociology can be a challenging task if you don’t know where to start. If you’re feeling overwhelmed, you can always turn to a writing essay service for help. There are many services that offer professional assistance in researching and crafting a sociology essay. From exploring popular sociological theories to looking at current events, there are countless topics to consider.

This article has considered a vast Sociology research topics list. The topics were divided into ten different categories directly impacted by the concept of sociology. These topic examples are well-drafted and are in line with the demand for recent sociological concepts. Therefore if you seek topics in sociology that you would love to work on, then the ones on this list are good options to consider.

However, you need to understand the basics of draft sociology research to get the benefits of these topics. If that is not possible given the time frame of the project, then you could opt to buy sociology research on your desired topic of interest.

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Research Topics & Ideas: Sociology

50 Topic Ideas To Kickstart Your Research Project

Research topics and ideas about sociology

If you’re just starting out exploring sociology-related topics for your dissertation, thesis or research project, you’ve come to the right place. In this post, we’ll help kickstart your research by providing a hearty list of research ideas , including real-world examples from recent sociological studies.

PS – This is just the start…

We know it’s exciting to run through a list of research topics, but please keep in mind that this list is just a starting point . These topic ideas provided here are intentionally broad and generic , so keep in mind that you will need to develop them further. Nevertheless, they should inspire some ideas for your project.

To develop a suitable research topic, you’ll need to identify a clear and convincing research gap , and a viable plan to fill that gap. If this sounds foreign to you, check out our free research topic webinar that explores how to find and refine a high-quality research topic, from scratch. Alternatively, consider our 1-on-1 coaching service .

Research topic idea mega list

Sociology-Related Research Topics

  • Analyzing the social impact of income inequality on urban gentrification.
  • Investigating the effects of social media on family dynamics in the digital age.
  • The role of cultural factors in shaping dietary habits among different ethnic groups.
  • Analyzing the impact of globalization on indigenous communities.
  • Investigating the sociological factors behind the rise of populist politics in Europe.
  • The effect of neighborhood environment on adolescent development and behavior.
  • Analyzing the social implications of artificial intelligence on workforce dynamics.
  • Investigating the impact of urbanization on traditional social structures.
  • The role of religion in shaping social attitudes towards LGBTQ+ rights.
  • Analyzing the sociological aspects of mental health stigma in the workplace.
  • Investigating the impact of migration on family structures in immigrant communities.
  • The effect of economic recessions on social class mobility.
  • Analyzing the role of social networks in the spread of disinformation.
  • Investigating the societal response to climate change and environmental crises.
  • The role of media representation in shaping public perceptions of crime.
  • Analyzing the sociocultural factors influencing consumer behavior.
  • Investigating the social dynamics of multigenerational households.
  • The impact of educational policies on social inequality.
  • Analyzing the social determinants of health disparities in urban areas.
  • Investigating the effects of urban green spaces on community well-being.
  • The role of social movements in shaping public policy.
  • Analyzing the impact of social welfare systems on poverty alleviation.
  • Investigating the sociological aspects of aging populations in developed countries.
  • The role of community engagement in local governance.
  • Analyzing the social effects of mass surveillance technologies.

Research topic evaluator

Sociology Research Ideas (Continued)

  • Investigating the impact of gentrification on small businesses and local economies.
  • The role of cultural festivals in fostering community cohesion.
  • Analyzing the societal impacts of long-term unemployment.
  • Investigating the role of education in cultural integration processes.
  • The impact of social media on youth identity and self-expression.
  • Analyzing the sociological factors influencing drug abuse and addiction.
  • Investigating the role of urban planning in promoting social integration.
  • The impact of tourism on local communities and cultural preservation.
  • Analyzing the social dynamics of protest movements and civil unrest.
  • Investigating the role of language in cultural identity and social cohesion.
  • The impact of international trade policies on local labor markets.
  • Analyzing the role of sports in promoting social inclusion and community development.
  • Investigating the impact of housing policies on homelessness.
  • The role of public transport systems in shaping urban social life.
  • Analyzing the social consequences of technological disruption in traditional industries.
  • Investigating the sociological implications of telecommuting and remote work trends.
  • The impact of social policies on gender equality and women’s rights.
  • Analyzing the role of social entrepreneurship in addressing societal challenges.
  • Investigating the effects of urban renewal projects on community identity.
  • The role of public art in urban regeneration and social commentary.
  • Analyzing the impact of cultural diversity on education systems.
  • Investigating the sociological factors driving political apathy among young adults.
  • The role of community-based organizations in addressing urban poverty.
  • Analyzing the social impacts of large-scale sporting events on host cities.
  • Investigating the sociological dimensions of food insecurity in affluent societies.

Recent Studies & Publications: Sociology

While the ideas we’ve presented above are a decent starting point for finding a research topic, they are fairly generic and non-specific. So, it helps to look at actual sociology-related studies to see how this all comes together in practice.

Below, we’ve included a selection of recent studies to help refine your thinking. These are actual studies,  so they can provide some useful insight as to what a research topic looks like in practice.

  • Social system learning process (Subekti et al., 2022)
  • Sociography: Writing Differently (Kilby & Gilloch, 2022)
  • The Future of ‘Digital Research’ (Cipolla, 2022).
  • A sociological approach of literature in Leo N. Tolstoy’s short story God Sees the Truth, But Waits (Larasati & Irmawati, 2022)
  • Teaching methods of sociology research and social work to students at Vietnam Trade Union University (Huu, 2022)
  • Ideology and the New Social Movements (Scott, 2023)
  • The sociological craft through the lens of theatre (Holgersson, 2022).
  • An Essay on Sociological Thinking, Sociological Thought and the Relationship of a Sociologist (Sönmez & Sucu, 2022)
  • How Can Theories Represent Social Phenomena? (Fuhse, 2022)
  • Hyperscanning and the Future of Neurosociology (TenHouten et al., 2022)
  • Sociology of Wisdom: The Present and Perspectives (Jijyan et al., 2022). Collective Memory (Halbwachs & Coser, 2022)
  • Sociology as a scientific discipline: the post-positivist conception of J. Alexander and P. Kolomi (Vorona, 2022)
  • Murder by Usury and Organised Denial: A critical realist perspective on the liberating paradigm shift from psychopathic dominance towards human civilisation (Priels, 2022)
  • Analysis of Corruption Justice In The Perspective of Legal Sociology (Hayfa & Kansil, 2023)
  • Contributions to the Study of Sociology of Education: Classical Authors (Quentin & Sophie, 2022)
  • Inequality without Groups: Contemporary Theories of Categories, Intersectional Typicality, and the Disaggregation of Difference (Monk, 2022)

As you can see, these research topics are a lot more focused than the generic topic ideas we presented earlier. So, for you to develop a high-quality research topic, you’ll need to get specific and laser-focused on a specific context with specific variables of interest.  In the video below, we explore some other important things you’ll need to consider when crafting your research topic.

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If you’re still unsure about how to find a quality research topic, check out our Research Topic Kickstarter service, which is the perfect starting point for developing a unique, well-justified research topic.

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211+ Sociology Research Topics for College Students [2024]


  • Post author By Ankit
  • February 2, 2024

The word sociology is a common term nowadays. In it, we peek into how people hang out and live together. You can assume it is like a magnifying glass, studying how families, communities, and societies work. It’s all about spotting the patterns that shape our everyday lives, from family moments to big societal changes.

Sociology is like a tool reflecting our daily experiences, revealing how power, culture, and inequalities play out in our lives. Come on this journey to uncover society’s mysteries and explore research topics anyone can dig into. Let’s go and find more in this blog about trending sociology research topics for college students.

Table of Contents

How Do We Define Sociology?

Sociology is the study of relationships and institutions of people in society. It examines how societies are structured and how they transform with time. Sociologists look into stuff ranging from minute engagements involving persons to major societal events. 

Some specific areas sociological research touches on include social class, gender roles, family structure, education, religion, media, and politics. Sociology aims to explore the intricate links between actions by individuals and wider social powers. 

It helps us understand better the problems and prospects societies are grappling with today and what tomorrow might hold for us.

Also Read: Top 10 Reasons Why We Study Sociology Of Education: Beyond the Classroom

Best 211+ Sociology Research Topics for College Students

Check out the top sociology research topics for college students in 2024.

Family Dynamics

  • The evolving role of grandparents in modern families.
  • Sibling relationships and their impact on individual development.
  • Parental involvement in children’s extracurricular activities.
  • The influence of family structure on adolescents’ mental health.
  • Cultural variations in approaches to disciplining children.
  • Coping mechanisms for families dealing with chronic illnesses.
  • Adoption and its effects on family dynamics.
  • Balancing work and family life: Strategies for success.
  • The impact of divorce on children’s long-term well-being.
  • Mutli-age communication in immigrant families.
  • Extended families and their role in childcare support.
  • Parental expectations and their influence on children’s aspirations.
  • Managing conflicts in blended families.
  • The significance of family rituals in maintaining cohesion.
  • Family resilience in the face of economic hardships.

Education and Socialization

  • The role of school uniforms in shaping students’ identities.
  • Socioeconomic disparities in access to quality preschool education.
  • Homeschooling: Motivations and challenges for families.
  • Impact of peer relationships on academic performance.
  • The role of teachers in shaping students’ social awareness.
  • Gender stereotypes in educational materials and their effects.
  • Student activism and its impact on campus culture.
  • Parental involvement in homework: Striking the right balance.
  • The significance of school clubs in fostering social skills.
  • Inclusive education: Addressing diverse learning needs.
  • Extracurricular activities and their influence on social development.
  • The impact of bullying prevention programs in schools.
  • School policies on technology use and social interactions.
  • Homeschooling: A comparative analysis of different approaches.
  • Peer pressure and its implications for adolescent behavior.

Media and Popular Culture

  • The portrayal of mental health in movies and its societal impact.
  • Memes and their role in shaping internet subcultures.
  • Influence of social media on beauty standards.
  • The representation of LGBTQ+ characters in mainstream media.
  • Analyzing the impact of reality TV on societal perceptions.
  • Music subcultures and their influence on youth identity.
  • Online gaming communities and social interactions.
  • The role of influencers in shaping consumer behavior.
  • News media framing: Impact on public opinion.
  • Cultural appropriation in the music industry.
  • Podcasts and their role in disseminating social commentary.
  • Evolution of fashion trends: Cultural influences.
  • Social media activism and its effectiveness.
  • Celebrity endorsements and consumer choices.
  • Analyzing the portrayal of aging in popular culture.

Crime and Deviance

  • Cyberbullying: A growing challenge in the digital age.
  • The social implications of drug decriminalization.
  • White-collar crime and its impact on trust in institutions.
  • Neighborhood watch programs and community safety.
  • The role of rehabilitation in reducing recidivism.
  • Youth gang involvement: Causes and prevention.
  • Corporate crime: Analyzing major ethical violations.
  • The impact of social support on ex-convicts’ reintegration.
  • Gender disparities in sentencing within the criminal justice system.
  • Hate crimes: Understanding motivations and consequences.
  • Vigilantism and its impact on community safety.
  • Graffiti is an expression of social dissent.
  • The role of surveillance in preventing and solving crimes.
  • Policing strategies and their impact on community trust.
  • Restorative justice programs and community healing.

Race and Ethnicity

  • Interracial relationships: Challenges and societal attitudes.
  • Microaggressions and their subtle effects on marginalized groups.
  • Cultural appropriation in the beauty industry.
  • Ethnic identity and mental health outcomes.
  • The portrayal of race in historical films.
  • Systemic racism in housing policies.
  • Cultural assimilation and its impact on immigrant communities.
  • Analyzing racial profiling in law enforcement.
  • Language diversity and its role in shaping ethnic identity.
  • Religious diversity within ethnic communities.
  • Colorism and its effects on self-esteem.
  • Immigrant experiences in the workplace.
  • Cultural festivals as expressions of identity.
  • Affirmative action policies: Perspectives and controversies.
  • Historical trauma and its impact on indigenous communities.

Gender Studies

  • The representation of women in STEM fields.
  • Gendered expectations in romantic relationships.
  • Non-binary identities and societal acceptance.
  • The impact of paternity leave on gender roles.
  • The portrayal of masculinity in advertising.
  • Feminism in the workplace: Progress and challenges.
  • Gender-based violence prevention programs.
  • Women in leadership: Breaking the glass ceiling.
  • The involvement of men in the feminist campaign.
  • Analyzing gender stereotypes in children’s toys.
  • Women’s reproductive rights and societal attitudes.
  • The impact of media on body image perceptions.
  • LGBTQ+ inclusivity in sex education.
  • Menstrual equity: Addressing social stigmas.
  • The intersectionality of race and gender.

Health and Society

  • Access to healthcare in marginalized communities.
  • The impact of social support on mental health.
  • Cultural variations in attitudes towards mental illness.
  • Body positivity movements and their influence.
  • Healthcare disparities among different socio-economic groups.
  • The role of holiness in coping with disease.
  • Online health communities and peer support.
  • The stigma surrounding HIV/AIDS.
  • Nutrition education and its impact on community health.
  • Healthcare access for individuals with disabilities.
  • Aging populations and healthcare challenges.
  • The impact of workplace wellness programs.
  • Mental health interventions in schools.
  • Holistic approaches to healthcare and well-being.
  • The influence of social relationships on health behaviors.

Workplace and Organizations

  • Remote work and its impact on work-life balance.
  • The role of mentorship in career development.
  • Employee burnout and its effects on workplace productivity.
  • Diversity and inclusion in corporate environments.
  • The gig economy: Benefits and drawbacks for workers.
  • Glass ceiling: Factors contributing to gender disparities.
  • Workplace harassment prevention programs.
  • Unionization and workers’ rights in the modern era.
  • Corporate social responsibility and employee engagement.
  • Navigating generational differences in the workplace.
  • The impact of automation on job displacement.
  • Flexible work arrangements and their societal implications.
  • Workforce training programs for skill development.
  • Employee wellness initiatives and their effectiveness.
  • The role of organizational culture in shaping behavior.

Political Sociology

  • Political polarization and its impact on societal cohesion.
  • Youth engagement in political activism.
  • Social media’s influence on political opinions.
  • Voter suppression and its effects on marginalized communities.
  • The role of lobbying in shaping general guidelines.
  • Populism and its influence on political landscapes.
  • The impact of campaign financing on democracy.
  • Grassroots movements and their role in political change.
  • Political party affiliation and social identity.
  • Civic education: Fostering informed citizenry.
  • The influence of special interest groups on policy-making.
  • Political correctness and freedom of speech debates.
  • Social movements and their historical impact on politics.
  • International perspectives on political participation.
  • The influence of social networks on political organization and activism.

Environmental Sociology

  • Climate change activism and its societal impact.
  • Environmental justice and marginalized communities.
  • Consumer behaviors and their environmental consequences.
  • Sustainable living: Challenges and solutions.
  • The role of indigenous knowledge in environmental conservation.
  • Environmental education in schools.
  • Urban planning and its impact on the environment.
  • The carbon footprint of different lifestyle choices.
  • E-waste management and its social implications.
  • Plastic pollution and societal attitudes towards single-use plastics.
  • Renewable energy adoption and social attitudes.
  • Eco-friendly practices in business and consumer choices.
  • Deforestation and its impact on local communities.
  • The role of government policies in environmental conservation.
  • Public awareness campaigns for environmental sustainability.


  • Cultural homogenization in the era of globalization.
  • The impact of globalization on traditional crafts and trades.
  • Outsourcing and its effects on local economies.
  • Global health disparities and social factors.
  • The digital divide in access to technology.
  • Cultural exchange programs and their impact on global understanding.
  • International trade agreements and their social consequences.
  • Migration patterns in the context of globalization.
  • Global tourism and its effects on local cultures.
  • Language diversity in the age of global communication.
  • Global supply chains and labor conditions.
  • The role of multinational corporations in shaping global norms.
  • Global citizenship education in schools.
  • Immigration policies and their impact on global migration patterns.
  • Cross-cultural communication challenges in globalized workplaces.

Social Inequality

  • Wealth inequality and its impact on societal stability.
  • Social class mobility: Examining factors that facilitate or hinder it.
  • Disability representation in the media and its societal effects.
  • Ageism in the workplace: Addressing stereotypes.
  • Discrimination based on physical appearance.
  • LGBTQ+ rights and societal acceptance.
  • Educational opportunities and socio-economic disparities.
  • Inequality in access to technology and digital literacy.
  • Social welfare programs: Evaluating their effectiveness.
  • The impact of economic recessions on social inequality.
  • The role of affirmative action in reducing inequality.
  • Social mobility and its correlation with educational attainment.
  • Racial wealth gap: Historical roots and contemporary consequences.
  • Intersectionality and its implications for social justice.
  • Analyzing disparities in healthcare access and outcomes.

Technology and Society

  • The impact of automation on job markets.
  • Privacy concerns in the era of big data.
  • Social media’s role in shaping political opinions.
  • Artificial intelligence and its societal implications.
  • Online education and its impact on traditional learning models.
  • Cybersecurity and societal vulnerabilities.
  • Biotechnology and ethical considerations.
  • Wearable technology and its effects on personal privacy.
  • The role of technology in combating social isolation.
  • The influence of algorithms on online content consumption.
  • Digital activism: Social movements in the online space.
  • Technological advancements in healthcare and their societal impact.
  • Internet censorship and freedom of expression.
  • Smart cities: Balancing technological innovation with social well-being.
  • The ethical implications of gene editing technologies.
  • The impact of technology on interpersonal relationships.
  • Virtual reality and its potential for social change.
  • The intersection of technology and environmental sustainability.
  • Social consequences of increased reliance on artificial intelligence.

Youth and Adolescence

  • The impact of peer pressure on decision-making in adolescence.
  • Social media’s influence on teenage self-esteem.
  • Bullying in schools and its long-term effects on youth.
  • Exploring the challenges of navigating adolescence in different cultures.
  • Youth involvement in community service and its benefits.
  • The role of family dynamics in shaping adults behavior.
  • The effects of early exposure to technology on cognitive development.
  • Cultural variations in rites of passage for young people.
  • Teenage rebellion and its impact on family relationships.
  • Influence of societal expectations on career choices among youth.
  • Impact of extracurricular activities on youth development.
  • Mental health stigma and its effects on seeking help among teenagers.
  • Youth activism and its role in addressing societal issues.
  • The impact of societal beauty standards on adolescent body image.
  • Exploring the concept of digital citizenship among young people.
  • Youth perspectives on political and social issues.

Now, let’s move on to the tips for choosing a good sociology research topic after finding the top research ideas.

Tips on How To Pick a Good Sociology Research Topic

Learn the tips to choose perfect sociology research topics for college students.

1. Choose a Topic You’re Genuinely Interested In

Pick a sociology topic that you find engaging, intriguing, or meaningful. Your level of interest will show in your writing and research quality.

2. Select a Relevant, Timely Sociological Issue

Sociology focuses on current issues and problems in society. Choose a topic that ties into modern societal discussions and debates. This makes your work more appropriate and impactful.

3. Narrow the Focus Enough for In-Depth Analysis

Don’t pick a vast topic like “technology and society.” Narrow it to something more specific, like “social media’s impact on mental health.”

4. Ensure Sufficient Sources are Available

Review sociology journals to verify enough scholarly research exists to support your paper. Choose a topic with substantial studies to study and discuss.

5. Align with Your Sociology Coursework

Connecting your research topic to theories or subjects already being studied makes the process easier and enhances your learning. Build on what you know.

6. Consult with Your Professor

Ask your teacher if the topic is fit for the assignment and scope. Get guidance to ensure you choose an appropriate, fruitful focus.

7. Pick an Ethical, Thoughtful Topic

Avoid topics that could be derogatory or morally questionable unless addressed in an academic sociological framework. It is a wise idea to focus on ethical issues.

From the above points, it is clear that picking a perfect research topic is a daunting task, but when you have a clear approach, you can pick it in time.

Value Of Sociology Research For College Students

Read the importance of sociology research topics for college students.

Understanding How Society Works: Studying sociology helps students learn about various parts of society, like how people interact, how groups function, and how organizations work. Looking at things like injustice, family types, school systems, etc., through a sociological view can provide new understandings.

Developing Skills for Critical Thinking: Learning sociology promotes skills for thoughtful questioning as students learn to question beliefs about society and consider complex issues from many views. It enables them to thoughtfully reflect on how social forces shape human behavior.

Preparation for Diverse Work Settings: Learning sociology research helps prepare students to work with various people. By studying different cultures, social groups, and inequity in society, students gain more awareness and care for others.

Informing Rules on Social Issues: Sociology studies guide creating and improving social policies on poverty, crime, education, etc. Sociology research is critical to making effective policies for students in policy, law, advocacy, etc.

Building Skills for Research: From planning studies to gathering and analyzing data, sociology research projects allow students to gain helpful research abilities. These skills, like conducting interviews, surveys, and ethnography, are widely applicable.

Thus, sociology empowers students to assess the social world critically, grasp complex social issues, relate to different groups, and build key research capabilities for future work. Its study is beneficial for college students.

Structure of a Sociology Research Paper

Here is the breakdown of a sociology research paper structure.


  • Start by giving some background on your topic – don’t assume readers know everything about it already. Then, clearly state your main argument in simple, straightforward language.

Body Paragraphs

  • Focus each paragraph on one key idea that supports your argument. Open with a topic sentence introducing the main point. Then, back it up with real-world examples, facts, quotes, etc. Explain how this evidence relates to your argument in a way your readers can understand.
  • Transition smoothly from point to point. Use phrases like “Moving on” or “Turning to” to connect ideas.
  • Acknowledge different perspectives, but show why your claims make more sense.
  • Restate your argument in fresh words – don’t repeat the introduction word-for-word.
  • Summarize the major points covered in the essay. Remind readers why they should care about this topic and argument.
  • Wrap up with some final thoughts on the implications of your argument. Where do we go from here? Give readers something to chew on.
  • Cite sources. Proofread thoroughly!

The overall goal is to present your ideas in a logical, convincing way that readers can follow after reading the paper.

Picking a good sociology research topic for your college paper can be tricky. Still, hopefully, this post has given you some ideas to think about. Sociology covers many topics, so you’ll find something you’re interested in and care about. 

The key is to choose a focused, manageable topic that you can study in depth within the length of your paper or project. Remember to pick something that makes you curious and excited to learn more. 

Ask your professor for help if you’re stuck. With an open and curious mindset, you’ll be able to pick a sociology topic that’s meaningful and rewarding to research. Good luck with your studies!

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Sociology Research Topics

Last updated on: Dec 30, 2023

Great Sociology Research Topics & Ideas (2024)

By: Nathan D.

Reviewed By: Jacklyn H.

Published on: Dec 21, 2021

Sociology Research Topics

You need to choose a topic for your sociology research paper, but you have no clue where to start?

There is nothing more important than choosing the right one. After all, students must write an interesting and engaging  research paper  that grabs their readers’ attention from beginning through the end. So, if they want them hooked, they'll be compelled to read on.

To ensure that you're always on track with the process, we have divided topics into categories. Browse through this and choose the one that is both relevant and interesting.

Are you looking for the most interesting sociology research paper topics? Below we have collected some interesting topics and ideas. Our experts analyzed all these fascinating topics and picked only ones that are relevant to your needs. So, there’ll be something here, whether it's a new perspective on an old issue or just inspiration.

Sociology Research Topics

On this Page

Sociology Research Topics for College Students

  • The concept of social mobility and its modern development
  • Discuss the problems of third world countries
  • How does single parenting impact the life of the children?
  • Promotion of multiple cultural traditions
  • The perception of friendship and dependability among college students
  • How can clean eating change a person's life for the better?
  • Gamesmanship and its influence on young people
  • Are there any peculiarities of parenting in LGBT families?
  • The role of the family in the formation of the child’s personality
  • Impact of leadership style on labor efficiency

Sociology Research Topics for High School Students

  • What are the effects of online communication on social skills?
  • Does consumption of meat affect our environment?
  • The most iconic feminist movements in the US
  • The patriarchal nature of the modern political sphere
  • What causes the problem of young people’s attitude towards their future?
  • What is the impact of globalization on different cultures?
  • The impact of musical education and music on teenagers
  • Race and gender stereotypes represented on TV
  • Should females have the same workplace rights as male workers?
  • What is the difference between religion and spiritualism?

Sociology Research Topics on Crime

  • Race and the criminal justice system
  • Does the crime rate depend on the neighborhood?
  • Capital punishment in the justice system
  • Can stricter laws make gun possession safer?
  • Why is capital punishment common among men than women?
  • How does integrating civil laws in society prevent crime?
  • What are the differences between murder and homicide?
  • The link between aggressive behavior and crime
  • Civil and criminal cases: How to differentiate?
  • Imprisonment psychological effect

Sociology Research Topics on Family

  • Sibling relationships during old age
  • What social success do children from the middle class achieve?
  • What are the consequences of divorce on children?
  • The work of nannies and expectations of employers
  • Family differences across ethnic groups and races
  • Family counseling: why is it so important?
  • How do nontraditional families affect childhood?
  • Importance of family life education in reproductive health
  • Importance of marriage
  • Challenges faced by family lawyers

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Sociology Research Topics on Gender

  • Gender Stereotypes in media/workplace/region
  • How do women in sport fight for equality?
  • Gender profiling in the millennial world
  • Gender inequality on the job
  • What are some important women’s rights in different countries?
  • The gender differences in the education and professional career
  • How to get out of an abusive relationship?
  • Do men make better leaders?
  • Explain the purpose of gender mainstreaming
  • Childfree movement and gender

Sociology Research Topics on Mental Health

  • Compare an introvert behavior vs. extrovert behavior
  • Opportunities and challenges in mental health treatment
  • Is mental health treatment becoming less stigmatized?
  • Social issues related to the determinants of modern healthcare
  • What social factors lead to poor health conditions in NYC?
  • Which gender has the most mental illness, men or women?
  • Healthy and unhealthy ways of coping with stress
  • Impact of competitive sports on kids' mental health
  • Differentiate between short and long-term memory
  • The educational and healthcare opportunities depend on the income.

Sociology Research Topics on Social Media

  • Does social media lead to depression and anxiety?
  • How do modern films provoke violence among people?
  • Why is blogging one of the latest professions?
  • Does social media promote narcissism?
  • Do social groups spread or kill stereotyping?
  • LinkedIn is a major platform of the social networks
  • What are the types of political propaganda on social sites?
  • Social movements bring peace to the country
  • The culture of photography on social media.
  • Impact of gender stereotypes in the media on society

Sociology Research Topics on Deviance

  • Death of the sociology of deviance?
  • Deviance research methods
  • What is deviance?
  • Deviance and crime
  • Organizational deviance
  • Addiction and dependency
  • Deviance theories
  • Abominations of the body
  • Collective Deviance
  • Body modification

Medical Sociology Research Topics

  • What are the social effects of mental disorders?
  • The development of new ways of treatment
  • Medical and sociological research: issues and methods
  • Top three ways to improve health care for the elderly.
  • Mental illness and social status
  • The role of globalization in healthcare access.
  • Can happiness cure diseases?
  • How should a doctor-patient relationship be?
  • What are the better ways to cure depression?
  • The ethical side of communication between the nurse and the patient

Urban Sociology Research Topics

  • Communities and neighborhoods
  • Neighborhood effects and community change
  • Methods in Urban Sociology
  • Urban issues in developing world
  • Urban poverty and the city
  • Sociological perspectives on urban life
  • Urban planning and change
  • Socioeconomic status and health and of youth.
  • Urban life and health
  • Sociology and globalization

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Easy Sociology Research Topics

  • Relationship between race and educational levels
  • How has marriage changed in the United States?
  • How to understand the symptoms of grief?
  • Significant signs of substance use problem
  • Migration intentions of student youth.
  • The difference in serving sizes over time
  • The most common stereotypes about Islam
  • Is shopping a sociological practice?
  • How can racism affect the growth of the economy in a given country?
  • The attitude of students to the chosen profession

Interesting Sociology Research Topics

  • Which form of government can explain social science in a better way?
  • Does the environment impact our society?
  • How does foreign education influence further professional success?
  • Impact of sociological studies on students
  • The religious basis of the social development
  • Does writing a research paper on the topics of race nationality impact society?
  • Discuss the solution to stop terrorism in the United States.
  • Differences in suicidal behavior in male and female college students
  • Why do some young people believe in magic?
  • The challenges of preschool education at home

Take your sociology research paper to the next level with these topics. They're sure to keep you on track and help produce a top-notch and engaging research paper.

You can customize or combine these topics the way you want. But if something still confuses and puzzles about which topic would be best for your paper, we're here to help.

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Top 50 Sociology Research Topics Ideas and Questions

Interesting Sociology Research Topics and Questions: Due to the vastness of the possibilities, coming up with sociological research topics can be stressful. In order to help narrow down the specificities of where our interests lie, it is important to organize them into various subtopics. This article will be focusing on various sociology research topics, ideas, and questions, one can venture into, to write an effective sociology research paper .

Interactions with social institutions are inextricably linked to our lives. Social institutions such as family, marriage, religion, education, etc., play a major role in defining the type of primary and secondary identities we create for ourselves. They also define the types and natures of our various relationships with fellow individuals and social systems around us and play a huge role in the type of socialization we are exposed to in various stages of our lives. Some topics that one can consider to examine the roles that social institutions play in different dimensions of our lives are as follows:

Karl Marx was a renowned German Sociologist from whom comes the Marxist Theories. Through works such as “The Communist Manifesto” (1848) and other renowned works, his views on capitalist society, the unequal division of labor, class conflict, and other issues spread throughout the world, influencing many. His influential works significantly widened the Marxist perspective. He sought to explain and analyze the various inequalities and differences that were imposed on society and led to class conflict; for which the economic system of capitalism was blamed. His views on other topics like religion, education, interdisciplinarity, climate change, etc. were also highly praised. Here are some of the topics one can venture into for researching Marx’s perspectives.

Just as social issues, political issues are equally important. The various political systems of the world determine the kind of governance we are under and the nature of human rights we are ensured as citizens. A sociological assessment of the various relationships between the different political issues instigated by the numerous forms of political power is of utmost importance. Such sociological indulgence helps in assessing the nature of these issues and the effect these issues have on citizens. Colonialism, Caste system, Resource conflicts, Communism, etc. and their roles in the political arena, as well as the nature of the world governments of today, can be assessed using research questions/ topics such as these:

Also READ: How to write a Sociology Assignment – Guide

  • Social Sciences

11 Smart Sociology Research Topics

  • Author: Brittany Kennedy

A breadth of sociology topics exist waiting to be studied.

A breadth of sociology topics exist waiting to be studied.

clu from Canva Pro

Sociology Project Topics

Sociology is a fascinating field of study . If you're taking a sociology class or interested in doing some independent research, this list can help you get started.

What Is Sociology?

Sociology is the study of groups of people and their cultures, customs, and practices. Because this topic is so broad and our culture is always changing, the possibilities for writing and research are endless. With sociology, you can research just about anything, from Beyonce to Scientology.

This list will also guide you in making your own original topic. The top 11 sociological subjects are listed below, with plenty of ideas for your research.

What Is Covered by Sociological Research?

The list is organized around 11 umbrella topics, each with its own set of mini-topics. These umbrella topics include:

  • Race, Nationality, and Ethnicity
  • Youth Cultures
  • Gender and Sexuality
  • Social Movements
  • Cults, Clans, and Communities
  • Class Conflict and Inequalities
  • Spirituality, Superstition, and Legends
  • Consumerism

The Black Panther party was active from 1966 to 1982.

The Black Panther party was active from 1966 to 1982.

CIR Online via Flickr CC BY 2.0

1. The Sociology of Race, Nationality, and Ethnicity

Race, nationality, and ethnicity are some of the most written about subjects in sociology. The classical sociologist Emile Durkheim discussed the effects of origin on a person and the solidarity that they feel with others from the same or similar origin. Sociologists like to study these bonds as well as the effects of difference.

Census data provides raw data for literally thousands of research papers. The following are some sociological topics on race, nationality, and ethnicity:

  • Racial Segregation in Cities
  • The Correlation Between Class and Race
  • [insert race] and Education Levels
  • Interracial Marriage Then and Now
  • Racial Stereotypes and Their Effects
  • Culture and Race: Is Environment More Important Than Race?
  • Attitudes Toward Race and Police Brutality
  • Race Riots: What's the Cause of Racial Unrest?
  • Relationship Between Race and Class
  • Relationship Between Race and Educational Levels
  • Ethnicity and Race: What Is the Difference/What Is the Correlation?
  • How Ethnicity Affects Class
  • Multi-Ethnic Individuals and Their Position in Society
  • Multicultural Society and the Dominant Culture
  • How the Italians and Irish Became "White"


  • Patriotism in [insert country]
  • How [insert plural nationality] Views [insert plural nationality]
  • Nationality and Pride: What Makes a Patriot?
  • Immigration and Assimilation
  • America: Melting Pot or Salad Bowl?

We are the media we consume.

We are the media we consume.

rawpixel via CC Pixabay

2. The Sociology of Mass Media and Social Media

One of the most interesting topics of sociological research is the media. What we see on television, in magazines, and in theaters affects us as members of society. There are endless topics to study in the media. Below is a list of topic ideas.

How ________ Are Presented in the Media

  • [insert a race]
  • Young Women
  • Disabled Individuals
  • Celebrities [choose one]
  • The Disabled

The Media's Target and Portrayal for Profit

  • What Commercials Play at What Times During the Day? [Also, which channels do they play on?]
  • Who Consumes the Most [insert genre] Music?
  • Sexuality and Disney Movies
  • Romantic Comedies and Women
  • Gym, Tan, Laundry: A Study of Jersey Shore and Its Viewers
  • Children's Television
  • Ratings and New Technologies: How Youth Watch Television



Wellington House: Britain's WW1 Propaganda Bureau

Social media.

  • Youth and Social Media
  • Social Media and Celebrity
  • Harassment and Bullying on Social Media
  • Social Networking in the New Millennium
  • Twitter vs. Facebook vs. Instagram: Who Uses Each and Why?
  • Does Social Media Make Us Lonely?
  • Does Social Media Promote Narcissism?

Poke originated in Hawaii where I am from.

Poke originated in Hawaii where I am from.

Photo by Jonathan Borba on Unsplash

3. The Sociology of Food and Eating

Food culture is a very interesting topic to research not only because of how food is produced and distributed but also because of how it's consumed. Here are some possible research topics for those of you who want to learn more about how our food is grown, distributed, and consumed.

How Food Is Made

  • Where Does Food Come From? Meats, Vegetables, and More
  • How Does [insert fast food place] Make Their Food?
  • Food Laws and Regulations
  • Which Companies Supply Food to the US?
  • The Use of Pesticides in Farms
  • Monsanto Seeds
  • The Seed Bank
  • Farmers Markets and the "Slow Food" Movement
  • The Rise of "Organic" Farming

How Food Is Distributed

  • Import-Export Practices Around the World
  • Food Packaging Messages
  • The Locations of Fast Food Chains in Relation to Low-Income Areas
  • The Geographical Difference in Food Distribution: Class Inequality

How Food Is Consumed

  • The Difference in Serving Sizes Over Time
  • Do You Know What's In Your Food? A Study of Nutritional Facts and Food Education
  • Where Do People Eat?
  • Family Dinners and the Modern Day
  • [Insert Country/State/City] Food Culture
  • Are We What We Eat? A Study on Obesity
  • Child Obesity
  • Has Technology Changed the Way We Eat?
  • Vegetarians, Vegans, and Others With Personal Food Regulations
  • How the Media Advertises Food
  • Attitudes Toward GMOs
  • How Eating Habits Change Over Time

Punk is a youth subculture that many have written about.

Punk is a youth subculture that many have written about.

Photo by Priscilla Du Preez on Unsplash

4. The Sociology of Youth Culture Today

Youth culture is another fascinating sociological topic. Young people belong to many subcultures, which they illustrate in their attitude, clothing, music, and more. Studying these cultures allows us to understand how our world works—particularly how the media affects youth because the majority of American media consumers are between the ages of 14 and 21.

  • Hip Hop Culture in the '80s, '90s, and 2000s
  • Punk: Anarchy, Rebellion, and Revolution
  • Extreme Sports Culture: Surf, Skate, and Snow
  • How Adolescents are Affected by the Media
  • "Emo" Culture: The Self-Destructive Teen
  • Mean Girls: A Study of Competition Between Young Women
  • Jock Culture
  • At-Risk Youth and Deviant Behavior
  • Messages Promoted in [insert genre here] Music
  • Masculinity and Femininity in High School
  • Cliques and Outcasts: A Study of a High School Social Structure
  • Cyber Bullying
  • Maturity and the Media: Are Teens Pressured to Mature as Fast as Their Favorite Stars?
  • Sex and Adolescents

New York Pride Parade

New York Pride Parade

Photo by Josh Wilburne on Unsplash

5. The Sociology of Gender and Sexuality

The gender divide has been one of the most important subjects that sociologists study because it exists in every culture around the world. Men and women have always been opposites in society, which has contributed to numerous inequalities. The following is a list of sociological research topics on gender.

  • Gender Inequality on the Job
  • Gendered Occupations: Nurses and Contractors
  • Women in the Workplace
  • Transgendered Individuals
  • Homosexuality and How It Is Portrayed in the Media
  • "Coming Out": Feared or Loved
  • The Gender Bias: How Men and Women Are Treated Differently in Law, Media, and Social Interactions
  • Anorexia and Women
  • Gender Stereotypes in [media/workplace/region]
  • The Feminist Revolution
  • Women's Rights and Movements
  • The White (Man's) House

Cairo Demonstration Against the Government

Cairo Demonstration Against the Government

Frame Maker, CC BY 2.0, vis Flickr

6. The Sociology of Social Movements

Studying social movements and revolutions can illuminate how communities that share the same beliefs and goals form. Social movements are always surfacing, which makes them current as well as historical, so choosing a topic is easy!

To study a movement, just choose a movement or a group of people. In addition to studying the movement itself, you can also choose to research its oppression or support, formation, accomplishments (or downfall), or its impact on society at large. Here are some movements to get you started:

  • The Civil Rights
  • Feminism (Suffragettes)
  • Occupy Wall Street
  • Animal Rights
  • The French Revolution
  • Prohibition
  • The Tea Party
  • Disability Rights
  • Gay Rights (Gay Marriage)
  • Human Rights
  • Anti-Nuclear Movement
  • American Indian Movement
  • #BlackLivesMatter
  • Anti-Psychiatry
  • Anti-Vaccination

2008 Anti-Scientology Protest, Austin, Texas

2008 Anti-Scientology Protest, Austin, Texas

Craig Russell - Submitted to OTRS. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons

7. The Sociology of Cults, Clans, and Communities

People in society want to be a part of a group that shares their same beliefs. Sometimes these groups become so united that they are destructive, whereas some of the groups create solidarity, community, and fellowship.

The following is a list of religions, cults, and other groups that share similar beliefs and can be studied.

  • Ku Klux Klan
  • Charles Manson
  • Scientologists
  • Montana Doomsday Religious Cult - "Church Universal and Triumphant"
  • Scientology
  • Heaven's Gate
  • Branch Davidians
  • The People's Temple (Jim Jones)
  • Aum Shinrikyo (Japanese cult responsible for 1995 sarin gas attack on Tokyo subway)

Trash Piled in Nicaragua

Trash Piled in Nicaragua

Photo by Hermes Rivera on Unsplash

8. The Sociology of Class Conflict and Inequality

Classes are treated differently in every society. Because the inequalities are so deeply embedded in our society, it is difficult to eliminate them. Geographically, classes are segregated, which further complicates the pursuit of equality. Here are some topics to study:

  • Class and Geographical Segregation
  • Ghettos and Gated Communities
  • Food in Rich and Poor Areas
  • Schools in Low-Income Neighborhoods
  • Taxes and Wages
  • The Effects of the Ghetto on Youth
  • The "Ghetto" Cycle: A Study of Recidivism and No Opportunities
  • Wealth and Race
  • City Funding and District Zones
  • The Geography of Upward Mobility
  • The "Culture of Poverty"
  • The Relationship Between Poverty and Education
  • Class and Parenting Styles
  • The Welfare State
  • Class and Contentment: Does Money Buy Happiness?

9. The Sociology of Spirituality, Superstition, and Folklore

One of my personal favorite topics to write about is ancient Hawaiian culture. The ancient Hawaiians have many myths and legends. Sociological studies about myths and legends study the purpose behind cultural storytelling. Below are some interesting cultures and legends to get you started.

  • Leprechauns
  • Dolphins and the Amazon
  • Pele, the Hawaiian Fire Goddess
  • Viking Legends
  • Egyptian Legends (Tombs, Afterlife, and Tut)
  • Biblical Events
  • Pandora's Box
  • Mayan Culture
  • Lochness Monster
  • The Legend of the Three Sisters
  • Alien Abductions

Consumerism across the continent is a fascinating behavior to study.

Consumerism across the continent is a fascinating behavior to study.

Photo by Thorn Yang on Unsplash

10. The Sociology of Consumerism

Research about commodities can be done with little fieldwork. Information can be found mostly with available data online and in books. Try writing on one of the following:

  • Vinyl Records or Music in Other Forms
  • Currency/Gold/Rare Gems and Minerals (Inflation, Deflation)
  • Artifacts (Rare or Other)
  • Antiquities
  • Entertainment
  • Fashion Accessories
  • Services/Wages

Family experiences are drastically different cross culturally.

Family experiences are drastically different cross culturally.

Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0

11. The Sociology of the Family

The family is another fascinating topic for sociologists. Not only do most people have a family, but one's family is often incredibly influential in one's life, for better or worse! Since our view of what a family is and should be is changes culturally and historically, there's always something different to research. Here are a few topics to get you started:

  • Unconventional Family Structures
  • Influence of Parents on Child Behavior
  • Long-Term Effects of Child Abuse
  • Cross-Racial Adoption
  • Effects of Divorce on the Family
  • Single Parenting
  • Family Differences Across Race and Ethnic Groups
  • Teenage Mothers

More on Sociology

  • 3 Theories of Criminal Behavior Learn about the three theories of criminal behavior—psychological, sociological, and biological—and how they attempt to explain the causes of crime.
  • Criticism of Merton's Strain Theory: A Sociological Critique and How It Fits With the Functionalist A sociology essay that addresses how Robert Merton's Strain Theory fits into the functionalist theory. Thereafter, I critique the Strain Theory from the angle of other classic sociological perspectives, such as conflict, feminist, and symbolic intera

Expansión.com. Diario Expansión. Líder en información de mercados, economica y política. on August 27, 2020:

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jay on August 26, 2020:

still have a lot to read about it, great article

Lyly.Donahue on July 27, 2020:

midland 3650 street

Mohammad Nawaz on May 21, 2020:

Nice job done

ria on April 14, 2020:

made my life easier thank you !

Atah Anthony on April 07, 2020:

This site has just giving me the best tips and facts that helps me study personal at home. Thanks for your ideas.

Sabina subba on March 12, 2020:

Good ideas for research

Durojaiye Mary. on February 26, 2020:

Really interested on effect of divorce on family especially the children

Rak on February 26, 2020:

Is there Any one can translate sociplogy research from Arabic to English.

amina on February 16, 2020:

Good vert Nice

Bosco Amayo on January 18, 2020:

The Topics are Very Wonderful. Great work!

Wachira Muyah on January 03, 2020:

Good insight....

Ali expresse on January 02, 2020:

Wow very nice

HISHAM on November 09, 2019:

I am glad to read your web it is good to help such kind of student.

Khan on November 03, 2019:

I am in 12 class can I use these topics for my sociology project 2019 - 20 please reply me as soon as possible

amanda on September 24, 2019:

these are all amazing topics. thanks for the help

Shaleen Temah on September 19, 2019:

Hi everyone please I want to write on culture industry. Can some one help me to reframe my topic "Making Culture an industry in Today's Cameroon. Thanks while i wait

phillippa kenny on September 18, 2019:

iam glad to read your article. it really helps me a lot in my studies ad a spociology students

ANAM on September 09, 2019:

someone suggest me a good research topic related to sociology

Askia Mohammed Prince - Ghana on September 06, 2019:

very interesting research topics and areas. I will try my hands on one of them and my findings will definately to benefit society

Fakridin Abdulkadir on July 13, 2019:

Iam glad to read your web it is good to help such kind of student whose study sociology so i want research on mass media

Ayushi on May 23, 2019:

I am a sociology student guys plz suggest me a good topic for my survey.

Deepak Raj Joshi on April 20, 2019:

Hello, I am from Nepal and would like to do research on recent on growing spiritual knowledge and its social aspects. What could be the best research title and any literature related to this ?

senarath ranasinghe on April 06, 2019:

if we can find spiritual sense through northern Asian religious and can we find through in that social disciplinary

barb on March 06, 2019:

this website was so helpful the emo girl is my dad

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Hlo frnds..im studying ba Sociology.. on December 12, 2018:

Pls suggest sociology related project topics

imtiaz bangash on November 06, 2018:

hello dears i am final year student of BS sociology please suggest me research topic relating sectarianism in pakistan

Alyssa Martinez on November 04, 2018:

I am a sociology major taking my 100W course and I am having a hard time finding a research topic. I have to choose a sociological issue and come up with a research question, any ideas?

stemsworth on October 22, 2018:

someone give me a good topic for sociology

smrithi on July 12, 2018:

help me out with a topic for my reserch plss

Harshita on May 24, 2018:

Anyone over here please suggest me a best topic for my sociology project

yuniDAgothGOAT on May 11, 2018:

shut up all of you, you'll never have a girl like me! /.\

[email protected] on April 27, 2018:

Hello Guys i am sociology student, i have a problem to choose between the immigration sociology and the organisation sociology and after seeing this article i'm thinking about the culture of food.Plese any help to choose the right topic

Shafaq on March 19, 2018:

Anyone over here please suggest me a good thesis topic ... i am a student of sociology

Shizette on February 13, 2018:

Great article, as a Sociology major myself, I always wondered whether I should study further into Sociology, as I have never focused on it after graduating. I agree though, its a fascinating subject.

Kalyfia Louison on February 08, 2018:

sooo many options

but it seems a bit difficult to choose

june on November 29, 2017:

the topics are all good, and i am having a rough time to choose a topic for my research. by the way i am a sociology student. your topics is really helpful. keep up your good works.

malakarth on November 22, 2017:

i would appreciate any help!

MILDAH on September 03, 2017:

it was such a wonderful experience to have visited this site. i really enjoyed looking at various research topics.

mesfinee on August 07, 2017:

try to add more than this!

JAHCOM on May 03, 2017:

With a BA in Sociology, it is fascinating to see Sociology of food. However, I am so much tied to the "family", the foundation of every society. How families and families' values affect society, and so forth.

Thanks for sharing.

Katherine on March 26, 2017:

what are some examples of sociological topics that would be hard to qualify into survey questions?

Ashwin on January 30, 2017:

great article! GJ

Nasir Ali on January 12, 2017:

Key Topics...Good Effort...!Appreciate it...:)

nisar hussain on February 29, 2016:

it is very interesting subject . I like it so much as well as i love it i want to start my career in this field and research . very one of those who have interest this field help each other plz

thank you so much

Authenticz HubPage from North America on January 29, 2016:

Great read. Explored the windows of sociological research. Writer organized many areas of sociology to conduct new reads.

Anders Salmonsen on December 17, 2015:

Thanks so much!!! Learned so much and I feel so knowledgable now!!! For Realzz

Chelsea Frasure from Idaho on December 08, 2015:

Thanks for the article. I particularly liked the ideas about social media, specifically about whether or not it lends to Narcissism.

I'm currently studying the Bandwagon Effect in regards to spiritual beliefs and urban legends.

cara jeanne on July 06, 2015:

i am a sociology major and sometimes it really hard for me to look for a topic in which happening as societal phenomena. this site really helps me a lot and feed my mind some ideas i may use on my research topics..thanks ms. brittanytodd :) keep it up !

Yigrem Tadesse on June 25, 2015:

I like very much and interested in sociology. It helps us to have sociological imagination to see and understand the world in different way.

Ogunsumi Joel on June 24, 2015:

Its a wonderful compilation here, really helpful at projecting one's topic.Kudos!

Brandon Hart from The Game on February 02, 2015:

Mass Media can drastically change how people think and act. If we are able master this then we can get people to think or act in whatever way we want or choose.

Liza Treadwell Esq aka Liza Lugo JD from New York, NY on January 30, 2015:

brittanytodd, thank you for this wonderful hub. I love everything about it. It is well-written, interesting layout, well-organized, and very useful. I write a lot about the law and social issues; so, I am going to bookmark this hub. These lists are very helpful not only for those who are in college but for those of us who write professionally.

Kudos to you! You make a difference with your writing; and I am looking forward to reading more of your work.

Christy Maria on January 08, 2015:

As a sociology student this is a very helpful article to read!

MJ Martin aka Ruby H Rose from Washington State on December 08, 2014:

I didn't realize how many sociology subjects I liked until I read your wonderful list. What a great list to do research from. #10 would be a good start for me. Your photos and videos give much food for thought.

Amanda Oneal from St. Petersburg, Florida on June 17, 2014:

Very insightful article; I enjoy the study of sociology so much. The study of mass media is probably the most interesting to me, as it deals with the psychology of popular belief, desires and motivations.

Thanks for the article!

Primel on February 06, 2014:

This is so awesome, I'm due to write a research report this year and hopefully this will help me narrow my topic down. So much interests me so guess i should put my thinking cap on. AWESOME JOB!!!!

rperson on January 15, 2014:

Thank You So Much :-D

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on December 25, 2013:

KH, thank you so much! I'm glad I could help! My was a sociology major myself. Good luck and feel free to contact me with any questions or survey requests.

KH on December 25, 2013:

This is amazing. I am going to write my Sociology Honours thesis in 2015, and this has given me a fantastic head-start for ideas and inspiration for topics. Thank you!!!

hikmat wazir on December 05, 2013:

its really really great ...i m the student of sociology final year from peshawar university pakistan...before to see that i have no idea about research but now i have so many great meterial ideas topics and cleare the way of research.....tnx a lot

johan smulders on October 10, 2013:

Recently taught Social Psychology at the African Christian College in Swaziland and really enjoyed teaching it because of how practical it is.

Deep Dutta. HARHI COLLEGE. on October 04, 2013:

Thank you so much for the list.

Rebecca Furtado from Anderson, Indiana on September 25, 2013:

Socialogy just another great way to see the world through the eyes of a social science. When you combine these studies with anthropology, political science, etc.. you get a rounded view of the world and much closer to some degree of objective truth..or maybe not , I sure the degree in which are world view is colored by our circumstance is a whole other area of study..

yanna on June 13, 2013:

. im a sociology student .. im still finding a convenient topic for my THESIS .. thanks for the suggeted topic that listed .. It gave me an idea ..

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on April 08, 2013:

Great topic, grmc! Here's a link to a book about the study of family stability and differences between cultures: http://books.google.com/books?id=DXeZYjqNrUwC&...

Google Scholar is a great place to find material about this. I would also search sociological journals for more info. Good luck!

grmc13 on April 08, 2013:

How does the U.S. compare to Japan on indicators related to family well-being and stability

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on March 12, 2013:

Thanks, JT! Those are great topics! I hope you have a wonderful day also! I haven't been writing much lately, but do pop in once in a while. Thanks for stopping by. :)

JT Walters from Florida on March 10, 2013:

Hi Brittany,

It has been a while. I see you are still informing the masses. Just wanted to drop by and suggest the voting habits v charitable contributions of independents would be an excellent sociology project especially since the independent vote seems to always be the most important demographic in any presidential election!

Have a wonderful Sunday.

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on March 10, 2013:

A lot of the ones listed above are good topics for a presentation. I once watched a presentation about family dinners that was interesting. Good luck!

nida on March 10, 2013:

i want a good topic of sociology for presentation, please tell me which topic is good for presntation......?

smasemaFarf on February 16, 2013:

Hi there little ones.

Pleasant website. Have a nice morning!

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on October 11, 2012:

Thank you, Irene! I am so glad this could help your students It's so nice that you took the time to comment. It's reasons like this that I write these articles. Mahalo nui loa!

irene on October 11, 2012:

thank you so much for the list. I do teach sociology of education. I landed on this list because i wanted to organise an exhibition for my students. it has given a variety of what they can creatively present. thank you. keep it up.

norah on October 04, 2012:

this was a fabulous thought from you. you have really elaborated the scope of sociology at length.

Swinter12 from Earth on September 26, 2012:

Sociology incorporates much more than I originally thought; it really is a vast science.

So, thanks for delineating what sociology is all about. I'm definitely going to look into several of these topics.

stacey on September 05, 2012:

This was so much helpful thank u

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on May 02, 2012:

Aw, thanks JT! I would, but I am part of the apprenticeship program, which requires that I don't publish any hubs that are about HP. That's why I have stopped making the "My Favorite Hubs this Week" hubs. It would be such a great hub to write, though. Thanks again!

JT Walters from Florida on May 02, 2012:

Forgive me for making such a bold suggestion but I feel only you could do the topic justice...so I will await eagerly for your publication.

That would be an interesting read! Thanks, JT.

A hub on HP morays would be a great article!!

Thank you, prairie. If you write any, post the link here so I can link to your article. Thanks again!

Thank you, JT! I think I need to add a section for morays, because they are definitely a big part of sociology. Thanks again!

JT Walters from Florida on May 01, 2012:

Another really informative and professional hub. I would like to see a sociology paper on the contrats between current morrays and past morrays. I would think that would be fascinating.

Sharilee Swaity from Canada on May 01, 2012:

Brittany, this is fascinating! I love reading about sociology and this is such an amazing list of topics that I want to study them and consider writing about some. Absolutely brilliant and I am sharing!

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on April 29, 2012:

Wow! I want to do the computer science classes! Thank you so much again.

Danette Watt from Illinois on April 29, 2012:

They're all online - free, no papers to write, no books to buy. As I understand it, if you complete the course and participate in the discussions, etc you get a certificate at the end. This one is 12 weeks, others are shorter, most of them seem to be more science/math oriented but there are several of the "soft" sciences & humanities offered too.

Wow, Danette! Thank you. It looks amazing! I am going to see if any of the classes are in my area and line up with my busy schedule.

You can check it out here


Thank you, Danette. I would love to take a FREE soc class! What a great opportunity. Thanks again and for leaving a comment.

I always enjoyed sociology subjects and have done studies on the women's movement and media studies. (mass comm major, women's studies minor). In fact, I found out that Princeton, U of MI and a few other universities are offering FREE online classes and one is Intro to Sociology. Even though I've taken it before, I signed up for it again - sort of a refresher course, I guess.

Lots of interesting topics here, like someone said, I'd like to go to the library and get all sorts of books to read about them but know I won't have the time.

Voted up and interesting.

Josh, Thank you so much! I also love culture and society (obviously) and am glad that this list may inspire you to write! Thanks again.

Millionaire Tips, THANK YOU for putting me in your hub. You have such an excellent format in that hub; I really appreciate my spot in it with the quote. Much aloha.

Cyndi, thank you too! I majored in soc too and still think it is one of the most versatile majors--you can go into so many fields. Thanks again for your comment.

Cynthia B Turner from Georgia on April 29, 2012:

Hi Brittany, this was a great article. I majored in Sociology in school and you are so correct, it can give you so many topics to write about. I'm glad Millionaire included you link in his article.

@ Kallini, I love the story you shared. Wonderful! I'll try to access the photo.

Shasta Matova from USA on April 29, 2012:

Brittany, I have included this hub in my favorites for the month. Congratulations! Not only are they great topics for when we need something to write about, they would be interesting reads to see different people's take on the same subject.


Jools Hogg from North-East UK on April 29, 2012:

Brittany, this is such an interesting hub - so detailed! You may well have given lots of other hubbers some inspiration for what to write about next :o)

Of sociological subjects - I am most interested in culture in society; I am fascinated by the role of art & culture on all of us....maybe you've inspired me to get writing.

Brittany Kennedy (author) from Kailua-Kona, Hawaii on April 27, 2012:

Thank you so much!

Kamalraj Devkota on April 26, 2012:

I found this topic quite informative to those who have just started to ponder over the issues for carrying research. Here, I just say "Wonderful".

Shasta Matova from USA on April 17, 2012:

What a great list of topics! Sociology always interested me as well. I am bookmarking this hub, and voting up.

Anna from New York, NY on April 17, 2012:

I absolutely loved this hub, Brittany! I find sociology really fascinating, especially superstitions, social movements, food ethnicity, and mass media...I guess I'm interested in most topics you mentioned and I love how you gave examples of each. You also got me wanting to write hubs about some of these topics - that would be so interesting to research!


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Put a stop to deadline pressure, and have your homework done by an expert.

70 Catchy Sociology Research Paper Topics That Really Stand Out

Sociology Research Paper Topics

If you are taking sociology in college, you will agree that it is one of the fascinating subjects because it involves dealing with things that define and affect people, such as cultures, customs, and how people’s ways of life change.

Despite being an enthralling subject, many students find it challenging to pick the best sociology topics. To help you address the problem, we have picked the best 70 sociology topics for research that you can use. So, use them as they are or tweak them a little to reflect your preference.

Sociology Research Topics on Teenagers and Children

When growing up, childhood is the most carefree period of life, but it does not mean that kids do not have issues. However, these issues change as they become teenagers, and you can focus on them to formulate your sociological research question for your paper. If you are interested in children and teenagers, here is a list of sociological topics to consider:

  • What is the influence of sports on the mental health of teenagers?
  • Is sexual education good for children?
  • What is the best way to deal with bullying in schools?
  • Exploring the main reasons why kids do not have stereotypes.
  • Should we give religious education priority over academic knowledge?
  • Self-identification in teenagers: What are the causes?
  • How does homeschooling impact children’s socialization abilities?
  • Should adults consider teenagers as equals?
  • Teenage suicides: What are the leading causes?
  • Teachers or parents: Who has a bigger role in preventing early pregnancies?

Sociology Papers Topics on Social Media

Social media has emerged as the new method of communication, both at the personal and corporate levels. As more social media platforms, such as Twitter, YouTube, and Facebook become the new norm, here are some related sociology research topics for college students.

  • Can we consider social media as a reliable source of information?
  • Using social media to improve the hiring process in companies.
  • Understanding the role of influencers on social media users.
  • Comparing the use of Instagram and Facebook in education.
  • Online relationships: Can they be considered real?
  • Cyberbullying on social media.
  • If social media is outlawed today, would our lives be better?
  • How can we use social media to help change people’s behavior?
  • Social media development over time: How will it affect education in the future?
  • Social media development: What is the effect on the development of civil societies?

Good Sociology Research Topics in Marriage and Family

We are all part of a family, and it plays a great impact on who we become later in life. For students who want to explore issues related to families, here are some examples of interesting sociology research topics that can get them top grades.

How should we define a family?

Traditional gender roles taken by men: Would they be better handled by women?

How has marriage changed in the UK?

Exploring the implications of divorce on children.

Are there negative impacts of kids adopted by families of different ethnicities?

Why have the cases of single parenthood increased so much in the last three decades?

Is the institution of marriage outdated?

Should we allow teens to get access to birth control without the permission of their guardians?

Should the government be allowed to decide who can get married?

Reviewing the implications for kids being adopted by LGBT couples.

Understanding the benefits of being married but choosing to stay childless.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of following the traditional gender roles in the family today?

Should all parents be required to take parenting classes before having children?

Do you support the use of the one-child policy in China to reduce population?

Easy Sociology Research Topics

Like we mentioned earlier, sociology is a broad subject, but it is crucial to select the research ideas carefully to avoid getting bored midway. So, if you like to keep things simple and you are wondering, “ What are some good sociology research topics,” here are some good suggestions.

  • Why do more people prefer online communication today?
  • Is anonymity when using the internet important?
  • What are the best techniques for training kids with deviant behavior?
  • For how long should people date before getting married?
  • Exploring the differences between generations X and Z.
  • The benefits of letting the elderly interact with children.
  • What are the negative implications of intergenerational marriage?
  • Exploring the differences between spiritualism and religion.
  • Why do some city administrations only allow some businesses and disallow others in their jurisdictions?

Environmental Sociology Research Topics

People’s behaviors, policies, economic levels, and levels of education, among other aspects have huge implications on the environment. So, what areas of the environment and related topics do you want to explore? Here are some great topic samples to consider.

  • An analysis of domestic inequality and carbon emissions.
  • Is environmental activism alone enough in addressing the problem of global pollution?
  • Exploring the latest trends in environmental justice: A case study of the United States.
  • Food system localization: Comparing the Pros and Cons.

What implications does recycling for environmental reasons have on an individual’s social well-being?

  • Why everyone has a role to play in addressing the problem of climate change.
  • What are the main causes and consequences of global warming?
  • Facing the truth: Can the global society address the problem of global warming?
  • Why conservation should be taught from an early stage of a child development.

Sociology Research Proposal Topics

If you are required to work on a research project, and the proposal needs to get the nod from your lecturer before proceeding, here are some great topics to consider:

  • How do stereotypes of age impact employment?
  • Comparing liberal feminism and radical feminism.
  • What age group is at a higher risk of getting involved in deviant behavior?
  • Do women have fewer professional opportunities compared to men?
  • How are sexuality and gender viewed by students in private versus public schools?
  • Is it more important to be popular or successful in school today?
  • Playing video games for more than 10 hours every week: What impact does it have on students’ learning abilities?
  • Should we make medicinal marijuana legal?

Good Sociology Research Questions in Culture and Cultural Biases

Some of the hottest research questions in sociology about culture and cultural biases include:

  • Are the policies and laws protecting free speech in society enough?
  • What are the best solutions for reducing population growth in the globe?
  • Should we allow prescription drug companies to make direct advertisements to consumers?
  • What are the biases that exist against obese people?
  • Should we have legal penalties for people who use racial slurs?
  • How is gender discrimination in the workplace perpetrated?
  • What role does feminism play in American politics in the 21 st century?
  • What are the differences between labor immigration in Europe and the US?
  • Should the drinking age be lowered?
  • What are some of the best solutions for addressing homegrown terrorism in the United States?

Once You Have Sociology Research Topics, what Next?

If you want to get top grades, the first step is selecting excellent research paper topics. However, whether you have selected environmental, family, or medical sociology research topics, the bigger task is actually ahead, and you should consider seeking writing help from our professionals . We have writing experts who can handle every topic in sociology, be it a sociological research question or sociology of the family research topics. You can never go wrong with a pro on your side!

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High Impact Sociology Research

Oxford University Press publishes a portfolio of leading Sociology journals. To keep up to date with the latest research your peers are reading and citing, browse our selection of high impact articles on a diverse breadth of topics below.  

All articles are freely available to read, download, and enjoy until May 2023.

  • Community Development Journal
  • European Sociological Review 
  • International Political Sociology 
  • Journal of Human Rights Practice 
  • Journal of Refugee Studies
  • Refugee Survey Quarterly 
  • Social Forces 
  • Social Politics 
  • Social Problems
  • Social Science Japan Journal 
  • Sociology of Religion 
  • The British Journal of Criminology 

Community Development Journal  

Covid-19 and community development Sue Kenny Community Development Journal , Volume 55, Issue 4, October 2020, Pages 699–703, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsaa020

Financialization, real estate and COVID-19 in the UK Grace Blakeley Community Development Journal , Volume 56, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages 79–99, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsaa056

Financial subordination and uneven financialization in 21st century Africa Ingrid Harvold Kvangraven, Kai Koddenbrock, Ndongo Samba Sylla  Community Development Journal , Volume 56, Issue 1, January 2021, Pages 119–140, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsaa047

CDJ Editorial—What is this Covid-19 crisis? Rosie R. Meade  Community Development Journal , Volume 55, Issue 3, July 2020, Pages 379–381, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsaa013

There’s a time and a place: temporal aspects of place-based stigma Alice Butler-Warke Community Development Journal , Volume 56, Issue 2, April 2021, Pages 203–219, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsaa040

European Sociological Review  

Cohort Changes in the Level and Dispersion of Gender Ideology after German Reunification: Results from a Natural Experiment Christian Ebner, Michael Kühhirt, Philipp Lersch European Sociological Review , Volume 36, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages 814–828, https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcaa015

‘Cologne Changed Everything’—The Effect of Threatening Events on the Frequency and Distribution of Intergroup Conflict in Germany Arun Frey European Sociological Review , Volume 36, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages 684–699, https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcaa007

The Accumulation of Wealth in Marriage: Over-Time Change and Within-Couple Inequalities Nicole Kapelle, Philipp M. Lersch European Sociological Review , Volume 36, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages 580–593, https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcaa006

Three Worlds of Vocational Education: Specialized and General Craftsmanship in France, Germany, and The Netherlands Jesper Rözer, Herman G. van de Werfhorst European Sociological Review , Volume 36, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages 780–797, https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcaa025

Intergenerational Class Mobility among Men and Women in Europe: Gender Differences or Gender Similarities? Erzsébet Bukodi, Marii Paskov European Sociological Review , Volume 36, Issue 4, August 2020, Pages 495–512, https://doi.org/10.1093/esr/jcaa001

International Political Sociology  

Confronting the International Political Sociology of the New Right Rita Abrahamsen, Jean-François Drolet, Alexandra Gheciu, Karin Narita, Srdjan Vucetic, Michael Williams International Political Sociology , Volume 14, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages 94–107, https://doi.org/10.1093/ips/olaa001

Collective Discussion: Toward Critical Approaches to Intelligence as a Social Phenomenon Hager Ben Jaffel, Alvina Hoffmann, Oliver Kearns, Sebastian Larsson International Political Sociology , Volume 14, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 323–344, https://doi.org/10.1093/ips/olaa015

The Cruel Optimism of Militarism: Feminist Curiosity, Affect, and Global Security Amanda Chisholm, Hanna Ketola International Political Sociology, Volume 14 , Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 270–285, https://doi.org/10.1093/ips/olaa005

Feminist Commodity Activism: The New Political Economy of Feminist Protest Jemima Repo International Political Sociology , Volume 14, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages 215–232, https://doi.org/10.1093/ips/olz033

Affect and the Response to Terror: Commemoration and Communities of Sense Angharad Closs Stephens, Martin Coward, Samuel Merrill, Shanti Sumartojo International Political Sociology , Volume 15, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 22–40, https://doi.org/10.1093/ips/olaa020

Journal of Human Rights Practice  

Africa, Prisons and COVID-19 Lukas M. Muntingh Journal of Human Rights Practice , Volume 12, Issue 2, July 2020, Pages 284–292, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huaa031

Pandemic Powers: Why Human Rights Organizations Should Not Lose Focus on Civil and Political Rights Eda Seyhan Journal of Human Rights Practice , Volume 12, Issue 2, July 2020, Pages 268–275, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huaa035

Affirming Radical Equality in the Context of COVID-19: Human Rights of Older People and People with Disabilities Supriya Akerkar Journal of Human Rights Practice , Volume 12, Issue 2, July 2020, Pages 276–283, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huaa032

Digital Dead Body Management (DDBM): Time to Think it Through Kristin Bergtora Sandvik Journal of Human Rights Practice, Volume 12 , Issue 2, July 2020, Pages 428–443, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huaa002

Legal Reasoning for Legitimation of Child Marriage in West Java: Accommodation of Local Norms at Islamic Courts and the Paradox of Child Protection Hoko Horii Journal of Human Rights Practice , Volume 12, Issue 3, November 2020, Pages 501–523, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhuman/huaa041

Journal of Refugee Studies  

Refugee-Integration-Opportunity Structures: Shifting the Focus From Refugees to Context Jenny Phillimore Journal of Refugee Studies , Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2021, Pages 1946–1966, https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feaa012

What Difference do Mayors Make? The Role of Municipal Authorities in Turkey and Lebanon's Response to Syrian Refugees Alexander Betts, Fulya MemiŞoĞlu, Ali Ali Journal of Refugee Studies , Volume 34, Issue 1, March 2021, Pages 491–519, https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feaa011

Old Concepts Making New History: Refugee Self-reliance, Livelihoods and the ‘Refugee Entrepreneur’ Claudena Skran, Evan Easton-Calabria Journal of Refugee Studies , Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages 1–21, https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez061

Research with Refugees in Fragile Political Contexts: How Ethical Reflections Impact Methodological Choices Lea Müller-Funk Journal of Refugee Studies , Volume 34, Issue 2, June 2021, Pages 2308–2332, https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feaa013

The Kalobeyei Settlement: A Self-reliance Model for Refugees? Alexander Betts, Naohiko Omata, Olivier Sterck Journal of Refugee Studies , Volume 33, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages 189–223, https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/fez063

Migration Studies  

International migration management in the age of artificial intelligence Ana Beduschi Migration Studies , Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2021, Pages 576–596, https://doi.org/10.1093/migration/mnaa003

Migration as Adaptation? Kira Vinke, Jonas Bergmann, Julia Blocher, Himani Upadhyay, Roman Hoffmann Migration Studies , Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages 626–634, https://doi.org/10.1093/migration/mnaa029

Research on climate change and migration where are we and where are we going? Elizabeth Ferris Migration Studies , Volume 8, Issue 4, December 2020, Pages 612–625, https://doi.org/10.1093/migration/mnaa028

The emotional journey of motherhood in migration. The case of Southern European mothers in Norway Raquel Herrero-Arias, Ragnhild Hollekim, Haldis Haukanes, Åse Vagli Migration Studies , Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2021, Pages 1230–1249, https://doi.org/10.1093/migration/mnaa006

'I felt like the mountains were coming for me.'-The role of place attachment and local lifestyle opportunities for labour migrants' staying aspirations in two Norwegian rural municipalities Brit Lynnebakke Migration Studies , Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2021, Pages 759–782, https://doi.org/10.1093/migration/mnaa002

Refugee Survey Quarterly  

Refugee Rights Across Regions: A Comparative Overview of Legislative Good Practices in Latin America and the EU Luisa Feline Freier, Jean-Pierre Gauci Refugee Survey Quarterly , Volume 39, Issue 3, September 2020, Pages 321–362, https://doi.org/10.1093/rsq/hdaa011

Syrian Refugee Migration, Transitions in Migrant Statuses and Future Scenarios of Syrian Mobility Marko Valenta, Jo Jakobsen, Drago Župarić-Iljić, Hariz Halilovich Refugee Survey Quarterly , Volume 39, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages 153–176, https://doi.org/10.1093/rsq/hdaa002

Ambiguous Encounters: Revisiting Foucault and Goffman at an Activation Programme for Asylum-seekers Katrine Syppli Kohl Refugee Survey Quarterly , Volume 39, Issue 2, June 2020, Pages 177–206, https://doi.org/10.1093/rsq/hdaa004

Behind the Scenes of South Africa’s Asylum Procedure: A Qualitative Study on Long-term Asylum-Seekers from the Democratic Republic of Congo Liesbeth Schockaert, Emilie Venables, Maria-Teresa Gil-Bazo, Garret Barnwell, Rodd Gerstenhaber, Katherine Whitehouse Refugee Survey Quarterly , Volume 39, Issue 1, March 2020, Pages 26–55, https://doi.org/10.1093/rsq/hdz018

Improving SOGI Asylum Adjudication: Putting Persecution Ahead of Identity Moira Dustin, Nuno Ferreira Refugee Survey Quarterly , Volume 40, Issue 3, September 2021, Pages 315–347, https://doi.org/10.1093/rsq/hdab005

Social Forces  

Paths toward the Same Form of Collective Action: Direct Social Action in Times of Crisis in Italy Lorenzo Bosi, Lorenzo Zamponi Social Forces , Volume 99, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages 847–869, https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soz160

Attitudes toward Refugees in Contemporary Europe: A Longitudinal Perspective on Cross-National Differences Christian S. Czymara Social Forces , Volume 99, Issue 3, March 2021, Pages 1306–1333, https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soaa055

Opiate of the Masses? Inequality, Religion, and Political Ideology in the United States Landon Schnabel Social Forces , Volume 99, Issue 3, March 2021, Pages 979–1012, https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soaa027

Re-examining Restructuring: Racialization, Religious Conservatism, and Political Leanings in Contemporary American Life John O’Brien, Eman Abdelhadi Social Forces , Volume 99, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages 474–503, https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soaa029

Evidence from Field Experiments in Hiring Shows Substantial Additional Racial Discrimination after the Callback Lincoln Quillian, John J Lee, Mariana Oliver Social Forces , Volume 99, Issue 2, December 2020, Pages 732–759, https://doi.org/10.1093/sf/soaa026

Social Politics  

Varieties of Gender Regimes Sylvia Walby Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society , Volume 27, Issue 3, Fall 2020, Pages 414–431, https://doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxaa018

The Origins and Transformations of Conservative Gender Regimes in Germany and Japan Karen A. Shire, Kumiko Nemoto Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society , Volume 27, Issue 3, Fall 2020, Pages 432–448, https://doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxaa017

Counteracting Challenges to Gender Equality in the Era of Anti-Gender Campaigns: Competing Gender Knowledges and Affective Solidarity Elżbieta Korolczuk Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society , Volume 27, Issue 4, Winter 2020, Pages 694–717, https://doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxaa021

Gender, Violence, and Political Institutions: Struggles over Sexual Harassment in the European Parliament Valentine Berthet, Johanna Kantola Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society , Volume 28, Issue 1, Spring 2021, Pages 143–167, https://doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxaa015

Gender Regime Change in Decentralized States: The Case of Spain Emanuela Lombardo, Alba Alonso Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society , Volume 27, Issue 3, Fall 2020, Pages 449–466, https://doi.org/10.1093/sp/jxaa016

Social Problems  

Technologies of Crime Prediction: The Reception of Algorithms in Policing and Criminal Courts Sarah Brayne, Angèle Christin Social Problems , Volume 68, Issue 3, August 2021, Pages 608–624, https://doi.org/10.1093/socpro/spaa004

White Christian Nationalism and Relative Political Tolerance for Racists Joshua T. Davis, Samuel L. Perry Social Problems , Volume 68, Issue 3, August 2021, Pages 513–534, https://doi.org/10.1093/socpro/spaa002

The Increasing Effect of Neighborhood Racial Composition on Housing Values, 1980-2015 Junia Howell, Elizabeth Korver-Glenn Social Problems , Volume 68, Issue 4, November 2021, Pages 1051–1071, https://doi.org/10.1093/socpro/spaa033

Transition into Liminal Legality: DACA' Mixed Impacts on Education and Employment among Young Adult Immigrants in California Erin R. Hamilton, Caitlin Patler, Robin Savinar Social Problems , Volume 68, Issue 3, August 2021, Pages 675–695, https://doi.org/10.1093/socpro/spaa016

Constructing Allyship and the Persistence of Inequality J. E. Sumerau, TehQuin D. Forbes, Eric Anthony Grollman, Lain A. B. Mathers Social Problems , Volume 68, Issue 2, May 2021, Pages 358–373, https://doi.org/10.1093/socpro/spaa003

Social Science Japan Journal  

Nuclear Restart Politics: How the ‘Nuclear Village’ Lost Policy Implementation Power Florentine Koppenborg Social Science Japan Journal , Volume 24, Issue 1, Winter 2021, Pages 115–135, https://doi.org/10.1093/ssjj/jyaa046

Factors Affecting Household Disaster Preparedness Among Foreign Residents in Japan David Green, Matthew Linley, Justin Whitney, Yae Sano Social Science Japan Journal , Volume 24, Issue 1, Winter 2021, Pages 185–208, https://doi.org/10.1093/ssjj/jyaa026

Climate Change Policy: Can New Actors Affect Japan's Policy-Making in the Paris Agreement Era? Yasuko Kameyama Social Science Japan Journal , Volume 24, Issue 1, Winter 2021, Pages 67–84, https://doi.org/10.1093/ssjj/jyaa051

Japan Meets the Sharing Economy: Contending Frames Thomas G. Altura, Yuki Hashimoto, Sanford M. Jacoby, Kaoru Kanai, Kazuro Saguchi Social Science Japan Journal , Volume 24, Issue 1, Winter 2021, Pages 137–161, https://doi.org/10.1093/ssjj/jyaa041

Administrative Measures Against Far-Right Protesters: An Example of Japan’s Social Control Ayaka Löschke Social Science Japan Journal , Volume 24, Issue 2, Summer 2021, Pages 289–309, https://doi.org/10.1093/ssjj/jyab005

Sociology of Religion  

Religion in the Age of Social Distancing: How COVID-19 Presents New Directions for Research Joseph O. Baker, Gerardo Martí, Ruth Braunstein, Andrew L Whitehead, Grace Yukich Sociology of Religion , Volume 81, Issue 4, Winter 2020, Pages 357–370, https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/sraa039

Keep America Christian (and White): Christian Nationalism, Fear of Ethnoracial Outsiders, and Intention to Vote for Donald Trump in the 2020 Presidential Election Joseph O. Baker, Samuel L. Perry, Andrew L. Whitehead Sociology of Religion , Volume 81, Issue 3, Autumn 2020, Pages 272–293, https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/sraa015

Formal or Functional? Traditional or Inclusive? Bible Translations as Markers of Religious Subcultures Samuel L. Perry, Joshua B. Grubbs Sociology of Religion , Volume 81, Issue 3, Autumn 2020, Pages 319–342, https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/sraa003

Political Identity and Confidence in Science and Religion in the United States Timothy L. O’Brien, Shiri Noy Sociology of Religion , Volume 81, Issue 4, Winter 2020, Pages 439–461, https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/sraa024

Religious Freedom and Local Conflict: Religious Buildings and Zoning Issues in the New York City Region, 1992–2017 Brian J. Miller Sociology of Religion , Volume 81, Issue 4, Winter 2020, Pages 462–484, https://doi.org/10.1093/socrel/sraa006

The British Journal of Criminology  

Reporting Racist Hate Crime Victimization to the Police in the United States and the United Kingdom: A Cross-National Comparison Wesley Myers, Brendan Lantz The British Journal of Criminology , Volume 60, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages 1034–1055, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azaa008

Does Collective Efficacy Matter at the Micro Geographic Level?: Findings from a Study Of Street Segments David Weisburd, Clair White, Alese Wooditch The British Journal of Criminology , Volume 60, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages 873–891, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azaa007

Responses to Wildlife Crime in Post-Colonial Times. Who Fares Best? Ragnhild Aslaug Sollund, Siv Rebekka Runhovde The British Journal of Criminology , Volume 60, Issue 4, July 2020, Pages 1014–1033, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azaa005

‘Playing the Game’: Power, Authority and Procedural Justice in Interactions Between Police and Homeless People in London Arabella Kyprianides, Clifford Stott, Ben Bradford The British Journal of Criminology , Volume 61, Issue 3, May 2021, Pages 670–689, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azaa086

Live Facial Recognition: Trust and Legitimacy as Predictors of Public Support For Police Use of New Technology Ben Bradford, Julia A Yesberg, Jonathan Jackson, Paul Dawson The British Journal of Criminology , Volume 60, Issue 6, November 2020, Pages 1502–1522, https://doi.org/10.1093/bjc/azaa032


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The Top 10 Most Interesting Sociology Research Topics

Writing a good sociology paper depends on the quality of your sociology research topics. Whether you want to focus on social relationships, the development of our society, human health, or socioeconomic issues, you need to pick the most relevant sociology research questions.

In this article, we will present some interesting sociology research paper topics, as well as provide you with a few examples of sociology research questions that will hopefully inspire your next paper.

Find your bootcamp match

What makes a strong sociology research topic.

A strong sociology research topic needs to be current, relevant, and interesting for you. Society and its challenges are ever-changing so your topic needs to be up to date. You also need to make sure your sociology topic is relevant and interesting, especially to you. Writing about something you like always ensures better research and outcomes.

Tips for Choosing a Sociology Research Topic

  • Brainstorm. The first step to finding the perfect sociology research paper topic is to brainstorm. Write down all of your ideas, check out topics from previous classes, and look for other ideas online.
  • Write a list of keywords. If there are a few topics that interest you more than others, write down a list of keywords that relate to them. This might give you some ideas for an even more specific sociology topic and help you come up with relevant research questions.
  • Choose the topic that inspires you most. If you choose a topic that interests and inspires you, chances are you’ll end up with deeper research, a high level of detail, and a paper that you’re proud of.
  • Do bibliographical research. Bibliographical research is how you find out if your topic is current and relevant. You’ll want to know exactly what’s been said on your topic and what relevant questions have been previously addressed on the matter.
  • Identify the main questions that need addressing. When choosing your sociological topic, make sure to think about different questions you would like to address with your research. This might help you determine whether or not the topic in question is right for you.

What’s the Difference Between a Research Topic and a Research Question?

A research topic constitutes a specific niche or area that’s part of a broader general theme. In sociology, there are several different research topics to explore. An example of a relevant and current sociological research topic could be the implementation of gender studies for children.

A research question stems out of the research topic as an issue or problem that needs to be addressed by research. In this case, an example of a sociology research question could be “Should children be exposed to gender studies from a young age?”.

How to Create Strong Sociology Research Questions

Strong sociological research questions take social issues and examine their social meaning and patterns. Once you pick a topic that you like, try narrowing it down to one or two manageable questions that you would like to explore and make sure they’re sociological in nature. The goal is to try and find patterns and meaning for social issues in groups.

Top 10 Sociology Research Paper Topics

1. the role of social media in today’s social movements.

The widespread usage of social media has the potential to mobilize the masses and accelerate recruitment for social movements. Nearly everyone has access to social media. This means that the dissemination of important information occurs rather fast, reaching a very large audience.

2. The Effects of Divorce on Children

Children who have gone through the divorce of their parents may be prone to experience some issues regarding their behavior, social relationships, and mental health. Commonly, these children may display deviant behavior, anger issues, trouble communicating, anxiety, and other issues.

3. The Role of Religious Education in a Modern Society

In a world that’s becoming less religious with time, religious education might seem like a waste of time. However, these types of classes can still be helpful for personal development and provide insight into the different cultures and beliefs that surround us.

4. The Association Between Social Media Usage and Depression in Children

Social media platforms, such as Instagram, can be toxic to the mental health of children and teenagers. Having to grow up in this Internet era is causing children to have depression, anxiety, body image issues, and a lack of social skills. Interesting research questions regarding this topic might try to understand how to reduce social media’s negative effects on mental health.

5. The Phenomenon of Bullying and Aggression Among Teenagers

Acting out is a part of life for most growing teenagers, but recurrent violent behavior among teens might be caused by other external factors. Being victims of violence themselves, bullying, and substance abuse are only a few of the factors behind the aggressive behavior of teenagers today.

6. Factors That Contribute to Abusive Marriages

There are several factors that might contribute to abusive marriages, such as adhering to strict gender roles and family values, abusing substances, and witnessing violence at home. This topic makes way for many other interesting research topics like knowing what causes someone to be an abuser or what major signs indicate a relationship can turn violent.

7. Patterns of Human Behavior Online

The field of digital sociology focuses on the social implications of digital media use. This field of study tries to understand the patterns of human behavior behind new social networks, virtual communities, and cyber crime. It is also responsible for trying to predict people’s personalities through their pattern of online behavior.

8. The Association Between Social Class and Child Obesity

Social class, or socioeconomic status, is one of the many factors associated with childhood obesity . Exploring this sociology research topic could lead to interesting questions regarding ways to combat childhood obesity in low-income families, for example.

9. The Impact of Infertility on a Married Couple

Infertility is a medical condition that affects many couples and is surrounded by heavy social implications. It can negatively impact a couple’s life by causing emotional distress, frustration, low-self esteem, and feelings of worthlessness. Possible research questions might aim to understand why this still happens and what can be done.

10. The Impact of Bullying on Mental Health

We might think of bullying as something that happens during school years, but its repercussions may follow those who were afflicted for the rest of their lives. Bullying can affect mental health by causing anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, agoraphobia, and more.

Other Examples of Sociology Research Topics & Questions

Sociology research topics.

  • The history of food culture in different nations
  • The impact of mainstream media on human behavior
  • Cross-racial adoption effects on children and the society
  • The challenges of health equity in rural areas
  • The impact of social media on social relationships

Sociology Research Questions

  • How can we overcome the stigma against mental disorders?
  • Should children be exposed to gender studies from a young age?
  • How did common gender stereotypes appear and how truthful are they?
  • Should sexual education be a part of school programs?
  • Should ethical values be reconsidered throughout the healthcare system?

Choosing the Right Sociology Research Topic

Coming up with strong ideas for sociology research doesn’t need to be hard. As long as you keep up with current and relevant trends and choose a focus that inspires you, you’ll have the right topic idea in no time.

You can choose your sociology research topics on social relationships, issues among teenagers, or deviant behavior. What matters is that you dig deep into the topic to extract answers to important questions.

Sociology Research Topics FAQ

There are several things you can do with a degree in sociology . Most sociology majors tend to pursue careers as sociologists, research analysts, human services educators, and social or community service managers.

Yes, a sociology career is worth it. Sociologists earn a mean annual wage of $93,420 , according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics. Their occupational outlook is projected to grow by five percent , between 2020 and 2030, which is considered slower than the average career. These figures are likely to differ between sociology career paths.

A sociology associate degree is a short, general degree that covers the basics of sociology. While it isn’t as extensive as a four-year degree, it still covers the fundamental principles of sociology and various topics across the field.

The best universities to get a sociology degree include Rutgers University, California-Irvine University, and the University of Illinois at Chicago. However, there are many other colleges that will provide you with an excellent education in sociology.

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70 Amazing Sociology Research Topics – Use Them Today!

Sociology Research Topics

We compiled these top sociology research paper topics to give students a comprehensive list of sociology-related issues. Read on for more.

Sociology refers to the study of people and their relationships within society. It delves into a range of subjects such as

  • Communities
  • Secularization
  • Law among others

The internet is awash with a plethora of sociology research topics. Students, therefore, find it challenging to choose the right one(s) for their assignment. However, our experts handpicked 70 of the topmost sociology research topics for college students. All you need to do is scroll down, pick an item that best suits your interests, and get your homework going! No hustle.

Getting Started With Sociology Research Topics

To start with, sociology topics for research should:

Be objective Be coherent such that they do not break cause and effect bonds Have an impetus towards the direction of the research

Therefore, having excellent sociology research proposal topics is an art one needs to master. Are you terrified because you are not good at this yet? Our interesting sociology research topics will help calm your nerves down.

So, what are some good sociology research topics? Keep on reading.

Gender and Sexuality Sociology Research Topics

The following list of sociological topics will help crank up your paper:

  • How does society treat women?
  • Are men and women the same under the law?
  • What are the gender stereotypes in the media?
  • Why are male presidents most preferred over women?
  • Discuss the rise of the Feminist Revolution and its significance
  • Do transgender people have a place in society today?
  • Why are most nurses of the female gender?
  • Social interactions: Male versus female treatment
  • Homosexuality and lesbianism: How does society view these two?
  • Is feminism overrated?

Sociology Papers Topics on Religion

Writing about spirituality presents some good sociology research questions such as:

  • How people view the phenomenon of a higher spiritual being
  • The concept of worship in traditional society
  • Why do Hindus hold the cow in high esteem?
  • The history of different Christian denominations
  • The influence of secularism on religion
  • Should women preach in churches, mosques, or temples?
  • Who do the pagans believe in as their supreme authority?
  • Effects and causes of religious affiliations
  • Why are most countries Christian dominated?
  • Discussion on how Buddhists worship

Sociology Research Questions on Food

There are endless sociology topics to research on food, including:

  • How are vegetarians treated?
  • How does genetically modified food to the natural one?
  • Are pesticides on farms killing humans instead of pests?
  • What is the role of hydroponics on food supply and availability?
  • Does the coronavirus virus spread through handling unclean food?
  • Are food packaging messages necessary?
  • What is the cause of food inequity in the world?
  • Is obesity a result of the food we eat?
  • How have eating habits changed over time?
  • Why do people prefer fast food joints over dine in restaurants?

Medical Sociology Research Topics

Use these medical ideas to write a winning sociology research paper:

  • Who caused the coronavirus? Man or nature?
  • The relationship between modern lifestyle public health
  • Discuss professional diseases and their effects
  • How aging changes the physical and mental state
  • How long does it take to discover a vaccine, and why?
  • Is society to blame for the spread of contagious diseases?
  • What is the role of Humanitarian missions in healthcare?
  • How the treatment of pregnant women is different from others
  • Are genetic engineering and cloning ethical?
  • How does society look at HIV/AIDS patients?

Environmental Sociology Research Topics

  • What is the place of agro-food systems today?
  • Exploring how environmentalism is a social movement
  • How does society perceive environmental problems?
  • What is the origin of human-induced ecological decline?
  • How population dynamics relates to health and the environment
  • The role of elites in ecological pollution
  • Dealing with the inequitable social distribution of environmental hazards
  • How do socially disadvantaged populations come to experience higher exposures?
  • Is man to blame for global warming?
  • The economic impact of environmental pollution

Sociology of the Family Research Topics

  • How do single parents manage their families?
  • Why do children emulate their parent’s behaviors?
  • Why most children prefer their mothers over fathers
  • Marriage among different races
  • The rise of teenage mothers and its implication
  • How does divorce affect the children?
  • How families with soldiers, doctors, or marines survive without them
  • The conventional family structure
  • Discuss the uniqueness of LGBT families
  • The role of nannies in parenting children

Easy Sociology Research Topics

  • Impact of social media on individuals
  • How the media portrays women and why
  • Living with transgender individuals in the neighborhood
  • The evolving social stratification
  • How social activity leads to the development of scientific knowledge.
  • Is it possible to achieve social stability?
  • Discuss the forces that influence individual behavior in society
  • The influence of face to face interactions
  • Human factors influencing site selection
  • How to improve social and living conditions

With these and more samples, you can be sure of good sociology research topics for your paper. Of course, the crucial end goal is tip-top grades. A carefully thought out sociological research question can make you stand out from your peers.

On top of the numerous examples, we also offer professional writing help for sociology research papers. Get one at an affordable rate now!

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Sociology Research Paper Topics

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More Than 200 Sociology Research Topics

Sociology of crime.

  • Capital Punishment
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  • Organized Crime
  • Political Crime
  • Race and Crime
  • White-Collar Crime

Sociology of Deviance

  • Academic Deviance
  • Crime and Deviance
  • Criminalization of Deviance
  • Deviant Beliefs
  • Deviant Careers
  • Deviant Identity
  • Medicalization of Deviance
  • Positive Deviance
  • Theories of Deviance

Sociology of Culture

  • Counterculture
  • Cultural Capital
  • Cultural Critique
  • Cultural Feminism
  • Cultural Imperialism
  • Cultural Relativism
  • Cultural Studies
  • Culture Industries
  • Culture Jamming
  • Postmodern Culture
  • Sociocultural Relativism

Sociology of Sports

  • Sport and Globalization
  • Sexuality and Sport
  • Social Theory and Sport
  • Sport and Capitalism
  • Sport and Culture
  • Biodemography
  • Demographic Transition Theory
  • Demography of Aging
  • Family Demography
  • Fertility and Public Policy
  • Immigration Policy
  • Population and Development
  • Population and Gender
  • Second Demographic Transition
  • Economic Sociology
  • Brands and Branding
  • Conspicuous Consumption
  • Division of Labor
  • Economic Development
  • Moral Economy
  • Sociology of Work
  • Sustainable Consumption
  • Transition Economies

Sociology of Family

  • Family Diversity
  • Family Poverty
  • Family Structure
  • Family Theory
  • Gender, Work, and Family
  • History of Family
  • Lone-Parent Families

Sociology of Gender

  • Compulsory Heterosexuality
  • Development and Gender
  • Education and Gender
  • Gender and the Body
  • Gender Bias
  • Gender Oppression
  • Gender Role Ideology
  • Sex and Gender

Sociology of Globalization

  • Global Cities
  • Global Economy
  • Global Income Inequality
  • Global Justice
  • Global Politics
  • Globalization
  • Glocalization
  • International Migration
  • Media and Globalization
  • World Conflict
  • Medical Sociology
  • Health and Culture
  • Health and Medicine
  • Life Course
  • Social Epidemiology
  • Socialist Medicine
  • Socioeconomic Status and Health
  • Sociology of Aging
  • Sociology of AIDS
  • Women’s Health

Sociology of Organizations

  • Bureaucratic Personality
  • Institutional Theory
  • Labor Market
  • Labor Process
  • Military Sociology
  • Organization Theory
  • Organizations as Social Structures
  • Social Institutions of Capitalism
  • Transnationalism
  • Political Sociology
  • Authoritarianism
  • Authority and Legitimacy
  • Citizenship
  • Conservatism
  • Identity Politics
  • Imperialism
  • Sociology of Law
  • State and Economy
  • Welfare State

Sociology of Race and Ethnicity

  • Affirmative Action
  • Ethnic Enclaves
  • Ethnic Groups
  • Indigenous Peoples
  • Nationalism
  • Racial and Ethnic Conflict
  • Segregation
  • Sociology of Religion
  • Civil Religion
  • Secularization

Sociology of Science

  • Fact, Theory, and Hypothesis
  • Human Genome
  • Matthew Effect
  • Induction and Observation in Science
  • Scientific Revolution
  • Scientific Knowledge
  • Technology, Science, and Culture
  • Social Movements
  • Animal Rights Movement
  • Anti-War and Peace Movements
  • Civil Rights Movement
  • Environmental Movements
  • Gay and Lesbian Movement
  • Indigenous Movements
  • Social Movement Theory
  • Student Movements
  • Women’s Movements

Social Problems

  • Abortion as a Social Problem
  • Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse
  • Death Penalty as a Social Problem
  • Disability as a Social Problem
  • Gambling as a Social Problem
  • Genetic Engineering as a Social Problem
  • Globalization and Global Justice
  • Race and the Criminal Justice System
  • Unemployment as a Social Problem
  • Welfare Dependency

Social Stratification

  • Bourgeoisie and Proletariat
  • Class Conflict
  • Educational Inequality
  • Gender and Stratification
  • Leisure Class
  • Race/Ethnicity and Stratification
  • Status Attainment
  • Theories of Stratification and Inequality
  • Urban Poverty
  • Wealth Inequality

Social Theory

  • Actor-Network Theory
  • Attribution Theory
  • Cognitive Dissonance Theory
  • Conflict Theory
  • Critical Theory
  • Deterrence Theory
  • Game Theory
  • Expectation States Theory
  • Feminist Standpoint Theory
  • Grounded Theory
  • Identity Theory
  • Labeling Theory
  • Queer Theory
  • Rational Choice Theories
  • Role Theory
  • Social Exchange Theory
  • Social Learning Theory
  • Social Network Theory
  • Structural Functional Theory
  • System Theories

Urban Sociology

  • Built Environment
  • Urban Ecology
  • Urban Policy
  • Urban Political Economy
  • Urban Renewal
  • Urban Revolution
  • Urban Space
  • Urban Tourism
  • Urbanization

More Sociology Research Paper Topics:

  • Sociology of Crime Research Paper Topics
  • Sociology of Deviance Research Paper Topics
  • Sociology of Culture Research Paper Topics
  • Sociology of Sport Research Paper Topics
  • Sociology of Family Research Paper Topics
  • Social Change Research Paper Topics
  • Social Movements Research Paper Topics
  • Social Stratification Research Paper Topics
  • Social Theory Research Paper Topics
  • Sociology Research Methods Research Paper Topics

Sociology Definition

Commonly accepted definitions of sociology agree that it is the scientific or systematic study of human society. The focus is on understanding and explaining, and ranges from the individual in social interaction to groups to societies and global social processes. Unique to sociology is its emphasis upon the reciprocal relationship between individuals and societies as they influence and shape each other.

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Methods of discovery range from quantitative methodologies patterned after those of natural science with the goals of explanation and prediction to strategies for social reform and service to qualitative methodologies that focus on interpretation and understanding rather than prediction.

History of Sociology

Auguste Compte (1798–1857), the French philosopher who coined the term “sociology,” defined it as the systematic study of society, and the accumulated knowledge resulting from it, that would help to guide and improve social development. He advanced a “law of three stages”—not about “savagery–barbarism–civilization” but about three stages in the development of human knowledge: theological, metaphysical, and scientific.

Had sociology stayed true to it origins, it would be more central to the study of world history than it now is. Like most bold statements, that one needs to be immediately qualified. It is rarely possible to pinpoint, chronologically or geographically, the absolute beginnings of a broad intellectual tradition. Geographically, it has to be recognized that there were, and are, many different national sociological traditions, and concerns with history—let alone world history—have not been central to all of them. Chronologically, a key insight in comparative history and sociology—the analogy between the interconnected institutions of a society and the interconnected parts of a living organism—can be traced back as far as Aristotle’s Politics. Sociologists are also fond of tracing their ancestry back to Ibn Khaldun’s Muqaddimah of about 1380 (1958); often described as a “philosophy of history,” it is also one of the earliest discussions of the possibility of a social science and of long-term social change in world history, and it introduced concepts of undoubted sociological significance, such as social cohesion.

Precursors of Sociology

The emancipation of sociology from the shackles of political and moral philosophy that it shared with so many other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences is usually seen as beginning in the French and Scottish Enlightenments and gaining momentum through evolutionary thinking in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Through a study of history since classical times, in his De l’esprit des lois (The Spirit of the Laws), first published in 1748 (1949), Montesquieu distinguished between three forms of government—republics, monarchies and despotisms—less on the basis of who exercised power and still less on their respective moral qualities, and more according to how it was exercised and why each form arose to fit societies of different kinds. Other precursors of a historically orientated sociology include Adam Ferguson (1723–1816) and the Marquis de Condorcet (1743–1794). Ferguson stressed the interdependence of people with each other in societies, and in his Essay on the History of Civil Society (1767) he traced humanity’s progression from “savagery” to the “refinement” of “civil society” (the idea of “civil society” returned to great prominence in the late twentieth century, especially in connection with the collapse of Communist regimes in Eastern Europe). Condorcet’s Esquisse d’un tableau historique des progres de l’esprit humain (Sketch for a Historical Picture of the Progress of the Human Mind, 1955 [1795]) similarly traced the entire progress of human society through a series of ten stages from “savagery”— when humans were little better than the animals—to a vision of an egalitarian and enlightened future. Ferguson and Condorcet’s visions of uninterrupted human progress set a pattern for many nineteenth-century theories of social evolution, in which human societies traveled from savagery through barbarism to civilization.

Auguste Comte—The Law of Three Stages

Montesquieu, Ferguson, and Condorcet were only “precursors” of sociology, however, in at least a literal sense, since the word sociology had not yet been invented. The dubious honor of coining the term belongs to Auguste Comte (1798–1857). Perhaps more clearly than anyone before (unless it were Ibn Khaldun), Comte was concerned with the possibility of a social science, the systematic study of society and the accumulated knowledge resulting from it that would help to guide and improve social development. He called this science “sociology.” At that time the modern division of the social sciences into many institutionally distinct disciplines—anthropology, archaeology, economics, political science, psychology, as well as sociology per se—had not yet come about, so it must be understood that by sociology Comte meant the social sciences at large, including the study of world history. He advanced a “law of three stages,” but it was not about savagery–barbarism– civilization; it was rather about three stages in the development of human knowledge. At each stage a different general principle predominated in the ways in which human beings sought explanations of the natural and social world that they inhabited. During a long theological stage, explanations were offered in terms of gods and spirits. There had followed a metaphysical stage, when explanations were offered in terms of abstractions such as “reason”; this transitional phase was fairly clearly modeled on Renaissance and Enlightenment thought in Europe. Finally, the modern world was witnessing the emergence of a positive or scientific stage; in the early nineteenth century the word positif was nearly a synonym in French for “scientific.” Comte used it to signify the rejection of the speculative philosophy of the past, which had so often advanced propositions in forms incapable of being tested against observable facts. But Comte, the founder of philosophical positivism, was by no means a positivist in the sense that was later caricatured as “crude positivism.” He did not believe that scientific knowledge could be based on observation alone; observation had to be guided by theoretical ideas, but theories had to be modifiable in the light of observation. The corpus of knowledge grew through the interplay of the two mental operations directed at theoretical synthesis and at the observation of empirical particulars. The law of three stages was linked to Comte’s notion of a “hierarchy of the sciences.” Looking at the history of the main areas of knowledge, he contended that the positive or scientific stage had been reached first in mathematics (which at that date was mistakenly believed to be an empirical discipline), then by astronomy, physics, chemistry, and biology; topmost in the hierarchy and last in development came the new discipline of sociology. The areas of knowledge higher in the hierarchy could not be reduced to the lower but represented a higher level of synthesis, the attainment of the scientific stage at lower levels being preconditions for the emergence of the higher. Astronomy had in Comte’s view entered the scientific stage in antiquity; physics and chemistry had been placed on a scientific footing much more recently; the biological sciences were undergoing rapid development in his own lifetime. Each advance up the hierarchy of the sciences represented an increase not only in humankind’s understanding of, but also in its control over, first physical, then organic, and finally social forces. In industrial society, when sociology had attained the scientific stage, social affairs would be studied and then regulated scientifically. Comte encapsulated this idea in his slogan savoir pour prevoir, prevoir pour pouvoir (know in order to foresee, foresee in order to be able [to act]). These central ideas of Comte’s—despite there being a fairly high proportion of nonsense in his voluminous writings—contain a valid kernel that is still relevant to understanding world history.

Comte’s influence was especially marked on the work of Herbert Spencer (1820–1903), who combined it with newly prevalent evolutionary ideas to produce an ambitious comparative-historical taxonomy of the forms of human society. His influence was in turn strongly felt in the development of sociology in the United States (for example, through William Graham Sumner, 1840–1910) and (with Comte) in the work of Emile Durkheim (1858–1917). In the student textbooks, Durkheim, Karl Marx (1818–83), and Max Weber (1864–1920) are now often depicted as the three founders of the modern discipline of sociology (a curiously unsociological view that diminishes the extent to which they all stood on the shoulders of giants). Yet all three continued their precursors’ central concern with understanding the long-term development of human society, so it is paradoxical that in the science they are supposed to have founded this concern became steadily less important as the twentieth century ran its course. The decades after the World War II saw the spread of what has variously been called “developmental agnosticism” (Wittfogel 1957), “hodiecentrism” (Goudsblom 1977) and the retreat of sociologists into the present (Elias 1987). This tendency may in part be the outcome of the sociological profession’s wish to measure its achievements against the utilitarian yardstick of usefulness in rectifying the ills of contemporary society. It also had deeper intellectual roots.

The Retreat into the Present

The fact that in the Victorian age, and for some decades in the early twentieth century, there was a widespread and uncritical assumption that the new “civilized” industrial societies were superior to other ways of life—especially those that Europeans encountered in their colonies and Americans in the course of their westward expansion—led to an equally uncritical and comprehensive rejection by sociologists (and even more strongly by anthropologists) not just of the idea of progress, but of all study of processes and stages of long-term social development. The genocides of the Nazi era served as the most awful warning of the dangers of regarding categories of human beings as superior and inferior; Sir Karl Popper (1945, 1957) and Robert Nisbet (1969) forged intellectual links between political tyranny and the pursuit of “inexorable laws of historical destiny,” which helped for a while to make developmental perspectives almost taboo for may sociologists.

The retreat into the present, however, had begun earlier. The rise after the World War I of the approach within anthropology known as “functionalism,” associated especially with Bronislaw Malinowski and A. R. Radcliffe-Brown, had a strong but markedly delayed impact on sociology. Functionalism involved studying societies as systems of well-meshing “parts” at a given point in time. It was at the peak of functionalism’s influence in sociology during the two decades after the World War II that Talcott Parsons (1902–79) dominated American sociology, and American sociology dominated the world. In anthropology, functionalism had begun as a methodological rule of thumb in field work: it was a reaction against the tendency of Victorian evolutionary anthropologists to resort to “conjectural history” in seeking to explain the customs of preliterate societies, when for the most part any firm evidence about the past of such societies was lacking. Seeking synchronic relationships between patterns that could actually be observed in the field made better sense for anthropologists than speculating about their origins in past time. Why the same ahistorical approach should have had such appeal to sociologists studying societies blessed with abundant written records of their own past development gives more pause for thought. Although functionalism was in retreat in sociology by the late 1960s, developmental agnosticism was then reinforced through the influence of French structuralism, which had drawn its original inspiration from the shift in linguistics from diachronic to synchronic investigations led by Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913). The same cast of mind can be seen in the so-called poststructuralist Michel Foucault (1926–1984), and its shadow falls even on the sociology of Pierre Bourdieu (1930–2002), two leading French intellectuals who have attracted numerous followers in sociology across the world. Foucault presents a particularly relevant paradox: he appears on the surface to be studying processes of historical change, but on closer scrutiny he can be seen to depict the dominance of static “discourses” that are mysteriously supplanted through unexplained historical ruptures into new dominant discourses.

Historical Sociology

By the end of the twentieth century, there was a definite revival of historical concerns among sociologists, although historical sociology was now generally seen as one among many minority interests or subdisciplines— rather than the central preoccupation that it was for many of the discipline’s founders. An interest in world history, or in very long-term processes of social change, is however the province of a minority of a minority, among sociologists as among historians. (Furthermore, it is sometimes difficult to distinguish between historically minded sociologists and sociologically minded historians.) A useful distinction can be drawn between two types of historical sociology. The first may be called simply the sociology of the past, in which sociological concepts and theories are used to investigate groups of people living in some specific period in the past. This kind of research does not differ fundamentally from research into groups of people living in the present: it is merely that documents form a larger part of the evidence than they would generally do in research into the present, for the very practical reason that dead people cannot fill in questionnaires or respond to interviewers. As against this sociology of the past, other sociologists seek to discern and explain longer-term structured processes of development.

The distinction is not hard and fast. For example, Norbert Elias’s The Court Society (2006)—among his works the most widely admired by historians— deals with a relatively closely defined place and period (France and its royal court in the century before the French Revolution), but his underlying concern is with more general processes of development. Still less is the distinction one of academic worth. Many of the finest examples of historical sociology are instances of the sociology of the past. To put it perhaps oversimply, their impulse is comparative rather than developmental.

The scale on which comparison is pursued or invited varies enormously. At one end of the scale, two widely admired books may be mentioned: Kai T. Erikson’s Wayward Puritans (1966) and Leonore Davidoff’s The Best Circles (1973), studies respectively of deviance in colonial New England and of behavior in nineteenth-century London high society. They are excellent examples of the sociology of the past. Their value, however, is not dependent on the fact that they are studies of the past: they are in effect contributions to the understanding of deviant behavior and of endogamous status groups irrespective of time. The arrow of time may also be reversed for comparative purposes: a present-day study may prove stimulating when studying the past. For example, Stan Cohen’s modern classic, Folk Devils and Moral Panics (1972)—a study of battles between rival groups of motorcyclists and motor-scooter riders in Britain and of the public reaction to them—might usefully be read by historians laboring at the large body of research on witch crazes in the past.

Other examples of the sociology of the past, but on a more macrosociological scale, are studies like Barrington Moore’s Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy (1966) and Theda Skocpol’s States and Social Revolutions (1979). They explicitly set out to study comparable episodes at different periods in different societies. Taking a small number of episodes, they attempt to generalize to similar situations, past, present, and future. Yet they do not advance any theory of social development over the longer term.

The minority of the minority are those sociologists whose interest centers on the construction of modes of long-term developmental processes. They include notably Immanuel Wallerstein, whose The Modern World-System (1974, 1980, 1989) is in effect a massive attempt at an historical disproof of David Ricardo’s apparently timeless “law of comparative advantage.” Wallerstein presents what is in effect a very long-term illustration of the principle of “pathdependency,” showing how initially small inequalities in ties of interdependence between societies and economies have been magnified over time to produce huge differences today between what are euphemistically called the “North” and the “South.” Another example is that of Norbert Elias, whose massive The Civilizing Process (2000 [1939]) advances a theory of state formation based on a study of western Europe during the second millennium CE and links that to changes in the psychological makeup (or habitus) undergone by individuals as they become gradually more subject in the course of generations to the social constraint imposed by the monopolization of violence by the state apparatus. Charles Tilly’s work also centered on state formation processes. Abram de Swaan’s In Care of the State (1988) shows how the development of compulsory education, income maintenance, and public health policies followed a similar sequence over five hundred years in Britain, Germany, France, the United States, and the Netherlands, because a process of the collectivization of risk overrode very different ideological assumptions in the various counties. Michael Mann’s The Sources of Social Power (1986, 1993) traces the changing relationship between economic, ideological, military, and political bases of power over the entire course of human history. Another large-scale intellectual project is that of Randall Collins, whose work, usually represented as “sociological theory,” in fact replicates in scope that of Max Weber; representative books are Weberian Sociological Theory (1986), The Sociology of Philosophies (1998), and Violence: A Microsociological Theory (2008). Finally, it should be recognized that Marxist scholars kept alive the sociological interest in long-term processes of change when they were least fashionable. Perry Anderson’s Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism (1974a) and Lineages of the Absolutist State (1974b) are classics of that tradition.

Perhaps in response to the hodiecentric mood that prevailed in their discipline for several decades—historical sociologists have shown considerable methodological self-awareness. Notable contributions in this area are Charles Tilly’s Big Structures, Large Processes, Huge Comparisons (1984); the extensive debate about the relevance of rational choice theory in historical sociology (Coleman and Fararo 1992); that about the entire “scientific” basis of historical sociology provoked by Goldthorpe (1991,1994; cf. Hart 1994, Mann 1994). William Seward’s Logics of History (2005) and the collections of essays edited by Adams, Clemens, and Orloff (2005).

At what appears and may prove to be a turning point in world history—marked by the financial collapse of 2008—a concern with long-term processes may be returning to the center of sociological concerns. In particular, the widely predicted decline in American world hegemony looks certain to provoke studies—such as The American Civilising Process (Mennell 2007)—of the United States in long-term perspective.

The Foundation Theories Of Sociology

As a discipline, sociology arose early in the nineteenth century in response to rapid social change. Major transformations in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, such as rapid industrialization resulting in a large, anonymous workforce with workers spending most of their time away from families and traditions; large-scale urbanization throughout Europe and the industrializing world; and a political revolution of new ideas (individual rights and democracy), directed a spotlight on the nature of societies and social change.

The French social thinker Auguste Comte (17981857) first coined the term sociology to describe a new way of thinking about societies as systems governed by principles of organization and change. Most agree that Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), the French sociologist, made the largest contribution to the emergence of sociology as a social scientific discipline. Both empirical research—collecting and quantifying social data—and abstract conceptions of society were major elements of Durkheim’s research. Durkheim’s work had a major, early impact on the discipline, both quantitatively and qualitatively.

In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries two more of the giants in sociological thought emerged in mainstream German sociology: Max Weber (1864-1920) and Georg Simmel (1858-1918). Additionally, Karl Marx (1818-1883), while on the edge of sociology, had a major impact on German sociology and on the discipline as a whole. Marx was concerned with the oppressiveness that resulted from industrialization and the capitalist system rather than the disorder to which other social thinkers were reacting. Advocating revolution as the only means to end the inequality between the controlling bourgeoisie class and the exploited proletariat class created by the new industrialized society, Marx produced much of his work while in exile from his native Germany (Marx and Engels [1848] 1967). His writing provides a continuous strand of sociological theory, heavily influential in Europe and, at times, in the United States. The importance of Marx’s work in shaping early sociology also lies in how German sociology developed in opposition to Marxist theory (Ritzer 2000).

Weber’s concern with ideas and systems of ideas (particularly religious ideas) and their effect on a capitalist economic system—specifically with Protestantism as a belief system that encouraged its members to embrace change—contrasts with Marx’s reflection of the economy in ideas. Simmel’s influence on sociology, unlike that of Marx and Weber, was through his studies of small-scale social phenomena. Focusing on forms of social interaction and types of actors who interact, his work was most influential on early sociologists at the University of Chicago.

In response to the poverty of immigrants and African Americans in the urban United States, projects of social reform and settlement house movements provided solutions. Much of this work was based in Chicago, where early social reformers and social thinkers combined to conduct field research and organize the first major sociology department at the University of Chicago. The sociology department, founded by Albion Small (who also founded the first sociology journal in the United States, the American Journal ofSociology, in 1895) dominated the discipline for fifty years. American students of sociology had easy access to Simmel’s ideas, which fit with the micro, symbolic interactionist perspective, through his followers (and, in some cases, translators) Small and Robert Park.

During the early years of sociology in the United States, theoretical influences of the period were combined with empirical research and the social reform projects and service conducted in the Chicago area. Trained as a social worker, Jane Addams spoke out about the inhumane treatment of immigrants who were entering the United States at increasingly higher rates. She founded Hull House in Chicago to provide assistance to immigrant families and gathered a community of sociologists and politicians to discuss and act on urban problems. W. E. B. Du Bois, an African American sociologist at Atlanta University, studied similar social problems for the black community in the United States and wrote and spoke out against racial inequality.

Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic interactionism, the dominant perspective championed by the philosopher George Herbert Mead (1863-1931) and others influenced by Simmel at the Chicago school, was the first foundation theory in American sociology. Although the symbolic interactionist perspective emphasizes the reciprocal relationship between the individual and society, its critics complain that it overlooks the widespread effects of culture and important sociological factors such as race, class, and gender.

In the 1930s, as the influence of the Chicago school lessened, state universities throughout the midwestern United States began to incorporate sociology departments into their curriculum, with a strong focus on rural sociology. In the 1940s the emphasis in sociology shifted away from the type of descriptive research done at Chicago to sociological theory and empirical inquiry, with the rise of influence from departments at Columbia, Harvard, and other Ivy League universities. European theorists such as Durkheim and Weber were translated and (re)introduced, and their work inspired large growth in sociological theory, particularly structural functionalism, the dominant theory in American sociology until the 1960s.

Structural Functionalism

Another foundation theory within sociology, the structural functional paradigm provides a view of society as a complex system of parts working together to promote both solidarity and stability for society as a whole. This perspective owes much to Comte and his concern for social integration during the rapid social change of the period. While Comte advocated social reform, in Britain the social philosopher Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) rejected social reform as intervention in the natural process of the evolution of society. Applying the principle of “the survival of the fittest” to the adaptation of societies rather than of organisms, Spencer’s ideas initially gained a large following throughout England and the United States.

Functionalists, following Durkheim, emphasized the study of social order and how social reforms could provide remedies for social disorder. Social structures (relatively stable patterns of social behavior) function together to preserve society. In the United States, Talcott Parsons (1902-1979) at Harvard was the primary proponent of the structural functionalism theory that dominated American sociology until the 1960s. A student of Parsons’s, Robert K. Merton (1910-2003) distinguished between manifest and latent functions of social structures, while allowing that there are also societal social dysfunctions for some. The influence of structural functionalism has declined since the 1960s with criticism for its focus on stability and static structures, its inability to deal with social change, and its failure to acknowledge how inequalities based on social class, race and ethnicity, and gender may lead to tension and conflict.

Following World War II the strong influence of sociological theory championed by Parsons and others concerned with the prestige of the discipline continued. Quantitative data methods were seen as the best way of making the discipline more professional and increasing prestige. Demography and survey research became more important with the availability of governmental funds for financing large research projects. Major advances in quantitative research eventually led to a variety of formal analyses for survey data, including multivariate statistics, path analysis, multiple regression, and complex causal models. In the late 1950s, however, traditional sociology came under attack for its preoccupation with theory and empiricism. The 1960s also brought challenges from field researchers and reformers to focus more on social problems.

Social Conflict Theory

Social conflict theory is, in many ways, a reaction to the structural functionalist perspective. The social inequality pervasive in society and ignored by structural functionalists is seen as a source of conflict and change. Conflict theory examines how society is stratified along class, race and ethnicity, gender, and age categories, and how these categories are linked to the unequal distribution of resources. Patterns of social interaction are inherent with benefits for some and deprivations for others. The goal for conflict theory is to understand the conflict between the advantaged and the disadvantaged while also taking action to reduce inequality. The perspective is certainly influenced by Marx, although critics complain that it does not have a firm enough grounding in Marxism, which was well developed in European sociology but lacked support and understanding in the United States. Critics of the social conflict perspective also complain that its pursuit of political goals shows a lack of scientific objectivity—although this theory had significant influence on contemporary theories, such as feminist theory, which emphasize the importance of political goals.

Sociology since the 1960s has expanded its emphasis to focus more on questions of race and ethnicity and gender. There has also been an incorporation of professional fields such as criminology, industrial relations, and evaluation research. In the 1990s and 2000s a variety of new areas and topics achieved prominence in American sociology: economic sociology; nongovernmental organizations having to do with justice, human rights, the arts, and the environment; immigration and ethnic identities; inequality; the growth and influence of science and technology; and social capital as resources for social mobility, citizenship, and community participation.

Microsociology And Macrosociology

Micro and macro refer to the level of analysis or the area of theoretical concern. Microsociology is the study of group dynamics and interaction, whereas macrosociology focuses on large-scale social systems and institutional arrangements. One controversy about the level of analysis was often phrased as a discussion of whether phenomena could be reduced to individual level properties or whether, instead, phenomena must be viewed in terms of their “emergent” properties that do not coincide with simply aggregating the individual level. While some formulations still allude to this controversy, it is common for researchers to attempt linkages between the micro and macro by viewing the effects of one on the other.

Macrosociology At the macro level sociologists ask, what are the broad patterns of interaction that shape society as a whole, and how does this influence take place? The most common institutions, found in most societies and most often studied by sociologists, are the following five:

The family, which meets the needs of societal replenishment and the care and socialization of children. At the macrolevel, sociologists ask how the definition of family is changing and how that affects the larger society.

Education, which meets the need for the transmission of culture and social and job skills. Sociologists ask how the educational system varies across cultures and nations, how it both mirrors and perpetuates the inequality in society.

Religion, a third institution, which meets the need for explanations of the unknown. Sociologists are concerned with why religions take various forms and how religious activity affects society.

The economy, which organizes the distribution of goods and services and is a focus for sociology because it determines who—individuals, organizations, nations—gets what—resources and access to resources in nations and globally.

Politics (or “the polity,” or government), which is also a participant in the distribution of power as well as the maintenance of order. Sociology looks at how the world’s political systems vary, who has power and why, and whether there is a global political system.

Both within and outside the context of social institutions, sociologists explore why stratification (systems of ranking into power and prestige hierarchies) exists and how it determines individual societal outcomes. How do social class divisions (based on economic position in society) affect culture, opportunities, and social mobility? What is poverty and who are the poor? Why does inequality exist and how might it be overcome?

A current trend in sociological thought has to do with the process of globalization. Rapid changes in communication and transportation have transformed perceptions of time and space so that the world of personal experience is a global one. Sociologists ask how economic change has taken place, what is a global economy, and what are the implications of globalization? How is economic globalization connected to political development? As political boundaries change, how are cultural boundaries affected? How do local cultures conflict with an emerging global culture and what is the place of women and people of color in that relationship?

Microsociology Many different areas are investigated within microsociology from different perspectives using different methodologies. Microsociology can be broadly conceptualized as considering issues related to self and identity, status and power, cooperation and competition, exchange, legitimation, and justice.

Fundamental to most areas within microsociology is the insight that individuals define themselves, based in large part on how others see and interact with them. Because interaction is central to the self, different identities are developed and projected. Research in the general area of identity and self includes both qualitative and quantitative investigations of topics such as role taking, role making, altercasting, identity disruptions or deflections, and self-referent behavior.

Much of microsociology is related to the general area of group dynamics. This area had early ties with psychology, which fashioned much of its approach including the acceptance and use of experiments as a research tool. Status and power have been consistently important areas of work within microsociology. One of the most important insights from this line of research is that status is relative to the group; that is, while people might possess the same characteristic from one setting to another, these characteristics might have very different salience in different settings.

Other group-dynamics research included a wide range of studies that could be characterized as examining cooperation and competition. While many of these examined dyads and interaction between one group and another, others examined social dilemmas—settings in which there is some degree of conflict between individual and group interests. Once resources and incentives are under consideration, exchange becomes central. Exchange formulations, some more akin to economics and others more akin to psychology, developed and took on a distinctly sociological focus by examining how the type of exchange affected both the behavior and emotion of the exchange participants. The allocation of different resources is studied within exchange formulations, and the resulting assessments, behavior, and feelings of fairness are the focus of justice and equity formulations. Related to assessment of justice is the degree of acceptance of particular institutional arrangements or legitimation.

Ethnomethodology, or method of the people, is a type of microsociology that focuses upon the everyday practices in which people engage. This field differs from most other microsociologies by eschewing the use of abstraction to summarize observations.

Challenges To The Sociological Paradigm

Reacting against the dominant paradigm that seemed to take a male, Western European, heterosexual model of the actor as representative of all actors, various critiques developed within sociology. These critiques are extremely varied both in their focus and methodology, but perhaps the most well known were feminist critiques. Although there had been early sociological analysis of the subordination of women (Ward 1883), most of the feminist analyses of sex and gender coincided with what is usually called the second wave of feminism, dating from the 1960s. During this period there was also increased attention to race and ethnicity.

Many of the sociological feminist writings emphasized the subordination of women and the institutional-ization of patriarchy. Some of this work questioned the sex and gender association and sexual categorizations as well. One branch of this developed into “queer theory,” a critique of heterosexual assumptions and power.

For the most part, feminist and other critical approaches did not question the fundamental approaches to the study of sociological phenomena. Rather, the feminist literature emphasized substantive issues that centered on societal power differentials that lead to a wide variety of life experiences that constrain almost every aspect of women’s lives. Another literature emphasized how “taken for granted” assumptions of gender and sex affected what observers saw and how they interpreted it. However, there was another group of feminists who challenged traditional epistemologies and argued that who the observer was determined what could be known. This is a radical claim because it violates a traditionally accepted tenet of most sciences that intersubjectivity can be obtained: that different people can be taught to see what others can see.

Postmodernism Sometimes closely aligned with feminist critiques are postmodern critiques. These critiques emerged in the late 1970s and into the 1980s. Postmodernism is a set of sensitizing concepts and ideas rather than a well-developed and agreed-upon set of premises. These concepts challenge traditional views associated with the Enlightenment. In particular, the concepts of objectivity, the transparency of language, and the separation between science and politics are questioned. Postmodern critique has been important across most of the social sciences and the humanities, alerting sociologists to how the political becomes enmeshed in the way questions are asked and subsequently answered. Along with this is attention to grand “narratives,” or ways of telling particular types of stories. From this perspective, science is one type of narrative and does not necessarily have a status different from other types of narratives such as folklore. The emphasis is upon how scientists come to believe what they believe. Some particularly radical versions of postmodernism suggest that empirical reality has little effect upon the development and testing of theories.

The Role Of Sociologists

There is a continuing debate within sociology about the proper role of sociologists. This debate echoes questions that have always been associated with sociology: Are sociologists scientists? Are sociologists advocates and reformers? Are sociologists scholars who practice a social science, whose methodology differs from that of the natural sciences?

Because sociologists vary in their orientation, their perceived and expressed views also vary. There are some who steadfastly claim that sociologists should not become involved in political agendas or arguments lest they jeopardize their dedication and reputation for being oriented toward the truth rather than toward advocacy. There are others who argue that the subject matter of sociology dictates that sociologists become involved in providing information that reflects upon different policy initiatives. This approach separates advocacy for a particular position from provision of information. Still others argue that sociologists should be advocates for particular policies, given sociological evidence. An example of such advocacy was the American Sociological Association’s filing of a brief to the U.S. Supreme Court on behalf of the University of Michigan Law School and the Student Intervenors in Grutter v. Bollinger (2003). In this case, the Association argued that sociological research clearly and consistently documented the pervasiveness of race in life experience such that universities cannot adequately assess candidates or their potential without considering it.

Decisions about the role of sociologists are frequently contested among sociologists themselves—a clear indication that perspectives, methods, and approaches vary considerably. However, because these contestations are often in public sociological forums, it is also a demonstration of the tolerance, or at least acceptance, of the variability within the discipline.

Sociology Today

Since its inception through the early decades of the 20th century, the discipline of sociology was essentially monolithic in perspective, representing a rather narrow range of topics in social problems areas. Early sociologists were essentially generalists, and during the first 100 years of disciplinary activity, the literature of sociology expanded only incrementally. By mid-20th century, however, there was a sufficiently large body of sociological literature on which to draw and a much broader and energized sociological curiosity as to foster some degree of specialization.

With its new focus on theories of the middle range, sociological inquiry developed into a multifaceted perspective, representing a variety of specialty topics and an expanded literature in which a proliferation of knowledge is documented. Sociologists thus developed an expansive array of specialty knowledge that represents the variety of research and theoretical activity within the discipline. Now, in the 21st century, the success of the past century requires a comprehensive survey and assessment of the many specialty topics in sociology that is essential for organizing this vast information. Each research paper linked from this list of topics provides a comprehensive research on one of these specialty topics. This list of sociology research topics also represents a thorough inquiry into the state of knowledge and scholarly thinking in each of these specialty areas by offering authoritative insightful papers on the various subfields in sociology, provide an assessment of contemporary knowledge, and brief projections of anticipated future theoretical development and research activity in particular topic.

For more than 100 years, sociological research has covered a vast terrain of topics, theoretical perspectives, and methodologies that run the range of mainstream topics of interest, emerging new ideas, as well as topics considered to be peripheral to the discipline but nevertheless draw heavily on sociological literature for their framework. The work sociologists engage in is both pure and applied, and depending on time and space and shifts in the dominant orientation of the body politic, the substance of this work is more or less significant. The discipline of sociology and its researchers are subject to the changing needs of the society that we attempt to better understand. Sociologists have been from the beginning social activists and social policy analysts. These interests and foci continue in the present and will undoubtedly continue throughout the 21st century.


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10 Sociology Topics to Research

Dec 07, 2022

Sociology is one of the most commonly chosen majors by college students year after year. What is sociology ? It is the social science that deals with the study of social life, change, causes, and consequences of human behavior. There’s no denying the inevitable pull of sociology research. According to Lou Corsino , professor of sociology and chair of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at North Central College, “Anywhere that two people or two groups interact, that’s sociology.” In other words, anytime we ask ourselves why one person said or did something to another, we’re doing the work of sociological research. 

While everyone is an amateur sociologist in some form, however, informally chatting about human interactions is a lot easier than compiling ideas into a research paper or a dissertation. If you plan to study the subject, at some point, you will need to narrow your focus to one of many sociology topics. So what are research topics in this broad area of social science, and how can you choose what sociology research topic is best for you?

In this piece, we’ll examine the most common types of sociology research topics fall into, give you a sense of what research methods will help you find an area of focus, and step back to question why research into human behavior is so vital to us. Hopefully, this will help match student to the topic in a way to make your research smoother.

What are topics in sociology?

Much like the nature of social interaction itself, sociology covers a lot of ground, and thus there is no shortage of interesting sociology research topics. Depending on where you study and with whom, a sociological study can include a lot of different ideas. 

The key is to examine how people’s lives intersect with one another. Anywhere people cross over and engage in common practice, customs, rituals, or simply the building blocks of society like commerce, government, and essential services, there is a good sociology research topic to be found.

Writing for Owlcation , sociologist Brittany Kennedy uses a helpful model that runs the spectrum of those interactions and creates a list with a round number of 10 that is easy to remember and logically inclusive. Let’s look at those broad areas and break down what some more specific ideas could be within each of them.

1. Race, Nationality, and Ethnicity

The process by which humans identify and group themselves is a key component of how we think and treat one another. These ideas are particularly critical in our world right now, as long-held assumptions about these ideas are being tested and reshaped almost daily. Exploring these areas could include defining the difference between race and ethnicity, delving into the concept of patriotism, looking at how immigrant cultures influence and become part of a population over time, differing views of national identity from country to country, and more. 

2. Mass Media

For generations, we have been gripped by newspapers, magazines, radio, film, television, the Internet, and other forms of media and influenced by what we read, hear and see from these sources of information. And for close to two decades now, social media has become extremely powerful in its capacity both to make the world smaller and potentially drive us further apart. You could study how various people or groups are represented in the mass media, the civility or lack thereof in media discourse, the balance between journalism and entertainment, the nature of celebrity, and how it’s constructed by the mass media, among other ideas.

3. Youth Cultures

Every passing generation tends to obsess with youth culture as they struggle to come to terms with teenagers and young adults and how the young people in a culture construct their own distinct social network. There are great ideas caught up within youth culture because it’s a world unto itself—you can do fascinating work looking at how youths engage with the media, define sexuality, construct social class, engage in social movements, set trends in consumer culture, evolving social behavior, and look for help and support with growing up.

4. Sociology of Gender and Sexuality

An ever more complicated area of study, the gulf between men and women remains a fixation in the sociological study even as issues of homosexuality, queerness, and transsexuality bring infinite new dimensions to the subject of self-definition. You could look into issues of gender inequality in the workplace, culture, politics, media, and athletics, as well as medical and financial implications of gender and sexuality, the use of language around gender and sex, subsets of media related to particular areas of gender and sexual identity, and medical sociology research topics around how physicality relates to gender and sexuality.

5. Social Movements

Anytime social issues rise to the level of activism and organized activity, a social movement is created that is a ripe source for study. For lack of a better term, studying social movements involves choosing an “-ism” or an “-anti” and applying social research to it—feminism, socialism, classicism, racism, environmentalism, anti-hate movements, anti-vaccination supporters, and so on.

6. Cults, Clans, and Communities

There is a lot to be learned from studying how people group themselves according to common beliefs. That includes studies of prominent world religions like Catholicism, Islam, Judaism, Hinduism; cults like the Manson family, Heaven’s Gate, and the People’s Temple; belief-affiliated hate groups such as the Ku Klux Klan, Nation of Islam and Westboro Baptist Church; and fraternal orders like the Freemasons, the Elks, and the Moose. These groups have tremendous influence and the potential to create meaningful social change as well as do serious damage to societal order and civil liberty. As such, dissecting why people join these groups and how they behave is a critical venture.

Find out more about North Central College's sociology program

7. Class Conflict and Inequalities

The intersection of classes and how we organize each social structure around “haves and have-nots” is one of the most pressing sociological issues.  You can do research on the definition and effects of poverty, differences in the impact of taxation, how race and ethnicity are tied to income inequality, differing levels of education and how they divide people, wealth and its impact on political affiliation, and much more under the umbrella of social class.

8. Spirituality, Superstition, and Legends

Though it can often be dismissed as an area just on the fringes of society, belief and investment in myths are a foundational aspect of any society. You can study historical ideas of myth and legend, like pantheons of gods in the ancient world, fairy tales and tall tales, and origin myths, or you can explore dynamics of the world today, like conspiracy theories, life on other planets, and the culture around monster and creature sightings. 

9. Consumerism

An area where you can find relatively easy sociology research topics is consumer culture because the artifacts are readily available in stores and on websites, and the research is published in numerous places in the form of sales figures. You can study societal issues around buying art and antiques, intellectual property like music and likeness rights, fine dining and food and wine culture, collecting as a hobby and way of grouping people, and even media and sports fandom and how people spend their money on it.

10. The Family

Last but not least is the closest topic to each of us—how we get along with relatives. There is a multitude of interesting directions to studying the family , including conflicting approaches to raising children, the effects of divorce and single parents on families, non-traditional family life, how race and ethnicity plays into the family dynamic, and much more.

How do I choose a topic?

David Kidwell wrote on EduBirdie about how a student can choose a topic for a sociology paper or project and presented some good basics to start with. He said, “Choosing a good topic for your sociology research should clearly outline a problem or make an argument that you want to make … Avoid too general or vague statements that can be read or understood differently. The trick is to come up with those sociology topics that inspire you and help your readers to find the solutions.”

When asked how he advises his students with the first step in their research, Corsino said, “Perhaps the best advice I give students is that the various mysteries that beguile sociology cover such a broad range of topics that students can always find something interesting to study on their own or work together with a faculty (member). This is the beauty of sociological thought.” 

In other words, sociology is everywhere and in everything we do, so let your own natural curiosity guide you into the research methods of sociology . Don’t think about a grade or what will be simplest—think about a part of social interaction or human interactions you would genuinely like to know more about and dive into it.

Why do we study sociology?

Ultimately, as interesting as sociology might seem, you’ll want to look at why you’re getting involved and what the benefits are. 

Corsino likens sociology to unraveling important puzzles the right way—taking it step by step and savoring the process.

“I like to think about research as detective work,” he said. “There is something to be discovered or uncovered. And there are clues along the way in terms of various types of data. In the end, one tries to solve the mystery, as best we can by drawing reasonable conclusions.  It takes work , but it is exciting when it comes together.”

If you need to think about it more concretely than that, Rubayet Al Sami provided another list for you to think about on Study Connexion —10 great things you can accomplish that are reasons to study sociology:

  • Broaden your skillset and make yourself more likely to find a career. 
  • Detect and solve social problems. 
  • Learn about planning and development of businesses and municipalities.
  • Understand society from a scientific perspective.
  • Discover the role of institutions in the development of individuals.
  • Figure out how to preserve and grow your own culture.
  • Find a great complement to other majors that will increase your potential to learn.
  • Broaden your outlook by examining differing perspectives.
  • Gain a greater insight into international relations by looking at how their people interact.
  • Examine your own outlook and motivations to find what matters most to you.

Looking to get into sociology and choose one of the areas of research we mentioned? Be sure to look for a school like North Central College that offers a challenging, intriguing sociology curriculum with plenty of opportunities to enhance your education, like a minor in Chicago Area Studies, completing Community Engaged Learning projects, and enhancing your research with a prestigious Richter Grant. 

Find out more about North Central College today.

Jacob Imm is the associate director of communication in the North Central College Office of Marketing and Communications. He has 12 years of collegiate communications experience and has worked with hundreds of college students. He has a bachelor’s degree from the University of Notre Dame and a master’s degree from Northern Illinois University.

Brittany Kennedy, Owlcation. https://owlcation.com/social-sciences/Great-Sociology-Research-Topics . 

David Kidwell, EduBirdie. https://edubirdie.com/blog/70-sociology-research-topics . 

Rubayet Al Sami, Study Connexion. https://studyconnexion.com/reasons-to-study-sociology/ . 

Sociology Program, North Central College. https://www.northcentralcollege.edu/program/sociology .

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100 best sociology research topics for students.

sociology research topics

Are you looking for the best sociology research topics? You might have noticed that it can be very difficult to find great topics that can get you an A+ on your essay. This happens because most of your classmates are picking the same topics for their own papers. You need to learn how to find original sociology research topics. You need to make your topics interesting if want a greater chance of getting a top grade. To help you with this, we will give you 100 sociology research topics and also a couple of tips and tricks. These topics are free and you can use any of them as you see fit.

Good Sociology Paper Topics Are Very Important

Truth be told, students have a lot to gain if they learn how to find the best possible sociology papers topics. Did you notice that some of your peers manage to get very good grades without trying too much? How do they do it? Well, you may be surprised to find out that the sociology paper topics you choose have a great influence on your grade. Here is why:

  • Professors tend to award bonus points to papers that discuss interesting topics.
  • Coming up with original sociology essay topics demonstrates to your professor that you’ve dedicated ample time to the project.
  • Excellent topics in sociology are a sign that you took the essay seriously. Professors don’t expect works of art; they do, however, want to see implication on your part.

Is It Easy to Find Topics in Sociology?

Frankly, finding some great sociology research topics for college students is not easy. Even though the Internet is full of topics, tips and tricks, you will have a hard time finding the perfect topic. Moreover, your colleagues will often pick the same topics. If you want to stand out from the crowd, you need to find some original. Of course, the easy way to do this is to ask for help. You can easily find a team of experienced academic writers on the Internet. An academic writing company can help you with a list of good sociology topics in no time. Alternatively, you can give out list of 100 topics a try.

The List of Sociology Research Topics for College Students

We are providing this list of sociology topics to write about for free. Also, we make every effort to update the list as frequently as possible. These topics are perfect for 2023. However, we advise students to look at our sociology research topics list, pick the best topic for their needs, and then modify them. You are advised to change the wording because this list is public. Anyone can read it and use the topics contained within. Pick any one of these good sociology research topics and make it even better by making it original.

Easy Sociology Research Paper Topics

Don’t want to spend a lot of time writing the paper? Here are some researchable topics in sociology that will prove to be pretty simple for you:

  • The problems posed by domestic violence.
  • How does divorce affects a child?
  • Hurdles of low-income families.
  • Causes of family conflicts.
  • What makes a marriage successful?
  • Is single parenting difficult?
  • Problems of teenage pregnancy.
  • Frequent causes of conflicts among teenagers.

Sociology Research Topics for High School Students

If you are a high school student and you need some original research topics for sociology, here are some of the best options for you in 2023:

  • Discuss social norms in your area.
  • Discuss social sanctions in your area.
  • How to overcome personal conflicts.
  • What is political socialization?
  • Discuss gender stereotypes.
  • Does the environment impact our society?
  • What is eco-feminism?

Sociology Topics for Presentation

If you are required to create a presentation, we have a list of excellent sociology topics for presentation. Here are some of the best examples:

  • Presenting the relations between humans and nature.
  • The social views of Plato.
  • The social views of Aristotle.
  • The strike as a productivity conflict.
  • Social development and religion.
  • Leadership and efficiency at the workplace.
  • Culture as a way of socialization.

Social Media Sociology

Social media is a very interesting subject and it is closely related to sociology. Here are some of the best sociology projects topics for social media:

  • Are social networks secure?
  • Popularity of social networks in various groups.
  • What is social media addiction?
  • Effects of social media overuse.
  • Social media marketing and anorexia.
  • Sharing personal information on social networks.
  • Is blogging really a profession?

Sociology Research Proposal Topics

Need a sociology paper topic for a research proposal? These are a bit more difficult to come by, but our writers managed to put together a list of excellent examples for you:

  • Discussing gender stereotypes in sports.
  • Pakistan and the violation of women’s rights.
  • Does sexual abuse lead to eating disorders?
  • Discuss immigrant families in the UK.
  • The effect of birth control on society. (one of the best sociology topics for research)
  • Does the Internet create isolation?
  • Are we relying too much on Google?

Nationality and Race

What better way to write a sociology paper worthy of a top grade than to write on a topic related to nationality and race? Pick a sociology topic for research paper from these and start writing:

  • The sociology behind ethnic relations.
  • What is the “white supremacist” current?
  • What causes ethnic problems?
  • Analyze the genocide in Darfur.
  • Why do people immigrate?
  • Racial stereotypes affect our self-esteem.
  • Does foreign education equal a successful career?

Interesting Sociology Topics

Interesting topics are almost guaranteed to get you a top grade. Pick a sociology research paper topic from the following list and get the A+ or at least the A you need:

  • The causes of bullying.
  • The effects of bullying.
  • Why are family roles so important?
  • Analyzing the “body culture.”
  • Is shopping a sociological practice?
  • Deviant behavior or teenagers.
  • Why are teenagers so curious?

Persuasive Speech Topics for College Students

If you are looking for some persuasive speech topics for college students, we have the best ones on the Internet. Here is what we are talking about:

  • What should we do with our free time?
  • What is sociological knowledge?
  • Technology is affecting the way we eat.
  • Fast food is damaging our society.
  • Social media is making us less social.
  • Musical education should be mandatory.
  • Nationalism is happening all around us.

Sociology Project Topics

Sociology projects can be very difficult to complete. However, the topic you choose can ease your workload immensely. Here are some good examples:

  • Analyze the human rights.
  • Does the capital punishment have the intended effect?
  • Who’s the father of sociology ?
  • Religion is affecting human rights.
  • Education and the Down Syndrome.
  • The effect of social media on youth.
  • Consequences of advertising to children.
  • Analyzing healthcare in NYC.

Gender Sociology

It can be difficult to write about gender sociology, we know. This is why our academic writers have put together a list of great gender sociology topics for you:

  • Problems with gender in our society.
  • What are gender stereotypes?
  • Eliminating stereotypes based on gender.
  • Gender studies for youth.
  • The link between nationality and homosexuality.
  • Should every country legalize LGBT?
  • Define gender inequality.

Sociology Survey Topics

We know you are probably having a difficult time finding interesting sociology survey topics. Don’t worry about it too much though. Just pick one of these examples:

  • Is bulimia widespread in the UK?
  • Social distancing during the COVID-19 crisis.
  • What leads to poor health?
  • Are there more unemployed women than men?
  • Does poverty decrease life expectancy?
  • How widespread is police brutality?
  • Are our youths exposed to violence?

Family and Relationships

Family and relationships topics are some of the best for sociology papers. However, not all topics you find online will impress your professor. These, however, will:

  • Social media effects on relationships.
  • Discuss the modern US family.
  • What is helicopter parenting?
  • Does adoption affect our society?
  • Divorce: Consequences for children.
  • Single parenting difficulties.

Sociology Thesis Topics

The topic you choose for your sociology thesis is extremely important. It’s the first thing the professor sees. Pick one of these and never look back:

  • Parenting in LGBT families.
  • The sociology of marriage.
  • The gender aspect of unemployment in the US.
  • Discussing social inequalities in modern society.
  • Do romantic comedies affect women emotionally?

Terrorism/War Sociology Topics for Paper

Looking for a nice terrorist or war topic in sociology? Why don’t you choose one of these topics and start writing the paper right now:

  • Effects of terrorism on society.
  • Negative effects of was on our society.
  • Social reaction to the Vietnam war.
  • Why do certain groups produce more terrorists than others?
  • What makes a terrorist become a terrorist?

Human Behavior Research Topic for Sociology

Human behavior is very complex, and so are sociology papers written on this subject. But they don’t have to be! Here are some clever examples:

  • What regulates the human behavior?
  • The history of behavior.
  • What leads to suicidal behavior?
  • What is personality resocialization?
  • The various models of behavior.

These sociology research topics are here for you. They are original at the time of writing and have been created by a team of expert academic writers . Pick any of our sociology research paper topics and start writing an exceptional essay right now. We wish you the best of luck. And remember, we are always here to help high school and college students with the best advice, information, tips and tricks.

Psychology Research Topics

research paper for sociology topics

Sociology Research Topics: 120 Compelling Ideas

research paper for sociology topics

Did you know that sociology encompasses many intriguing topics, ranging from the dynamics of social movements to the complexities of interpersonal relationships? With over 80,000 sociology researchers worldwide, this discipline continuously uncovers new insights into such sociology research paper topics as human behavior and societal structures. 

In this article, you’ll find some of the most compelling and relevant sociology research topics, exploring their significance and implications in today's ever-evolving world.

Sociology Research Topics Ideas

Here are ten ideas for sociology research paper topics across various areas of interest:

Topic Idea 1: The Impact of Social Media on Social Interactions

Investigate how social media platforms shape communication patterns, interpersonal relationships, and social behavior in contemporary society.

Topic Idea 2: Gender Inequality in the Workplace

Explore the persistence of gender disparities in employment, pay, and leadership positions and examine the factors contributing to these inequalities.

Topic Idea 3: Race and Policing

Analyze the relationship between race, ethnicity, and law enforcement practices, including racial profiling, police violence, and disparities in the criminal justice system.

Topic Idea 4: Migration and Identity Formation

Study how migration experiences influence individuals' sense of identity, belonging, and cultural integration in new social contexts.

Topic Idea 5: Health Disparities in Underserved Communities

Examine the social determinants of health and disparities in access to healthcare, resources, and health outcomes among marginalized or disadvantaged populations.

Topic Idea 6: Family Structures and Dynamics

Explore changing family structures, such as non-traditional families, single-parent households, or blended families, and their implications for individual well-being and social cohesion.

Topic Idea 7: Environmental Justice

Study the unequal distribution of environmental risks and resources based on race, class, and other social factors, and explore grassroots movements for environmental justice.

Topic Idea 8: Education and Social Mobility

Analyze the role of education in facilitating or reproducing social inequalities, including disparities in access to quality education, educational outcomes, and upward mobility.

Topic Idea 9: Urbanization and Social Change

Examine the social consequences of urbanization, including issues related to urban poverty, gentrification, segregation, and community development.

Topic Idea 10: Technology and Society

Investigate the societal impacts of emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence, automation, and biotechnology, on employment, privacy, inequality, and social relations.

In addition, we have a list of brilliant social issues essay topics , so be sure to check them out, too!

Ready to Conquer the World of Sociology with a Little Expert Backup?

Unleash your inner sociologist with the help of our sociology essay writing service , and together, we'll craft a masterpiece that'll have everyone talking!

General Sociology Research Topics

  • Social media's influence on relationships.
  • Gender bias in the workplace.
  • Family structure and child behavior.
  • Education, income, and social mobility.
  • Cultural norms and behavior.
  • Urbanization and community dynamics.
  • Race, class, and urban crime.
  • Generational attitudes toward family.
  • Globalization and cultural identity.
  • Healthcare access and social class.
  • Religion's impact on politics.
  • Online communities and social interaction.
  • Environmental activism and social change.
  • Unemployment's toll on mental health.
  • Social networks in crises.

Race, Nationality, Ethnicity

  • Race's societal implications.
  • National identity and cohesion.
  • Ethnicity's role in cultural preservation.
  • Racial discrimination in housing, employment.
  • Nationalism in contemporary politics.
  • Ethnic conflict and social stability.
  • Assimilation vs. multiculturalism.
  • Racial profiling in law enforcement.
  • Nationalist movements in global politics.
  • Ethnic enclaves' dynamics.
  • Healthcare disparities by race.
  • Media portrayal of national identity.
  • Ethnic identity in immigrant generations.
  • Diversity in education.
  • Nationalist rhetoric and social cohesion.

Social Movements and Activism

  • The evolution of social movements.
  • The role of social media in activism.
  • Environmental activism and its impact.
  • Civil rights movements and their legacy.
  • Feminist activism and gender equality.
  • LGBTQ+ rights movements worldwide.
  • Indigenous rights and activism.
  • Anti-globalization movements.
  • Disability rights activism.
  • Labor movements and worker rights.
  • Anti-racism activism and systemic change.
  • Youth activism and its influence.
  • Animal rights movements and ethics.
  • Peace movements and conflict resolution.
  • Digital activism and online advocacy.

Culture and Media

  • Media shaping cultural perceptions.
  • Cultural representation in media.
  • Globalization and cultural diversity.
  • Media's role in cultural appropriation.
  • Cross-cultural media consumption.
  • Digital culture transforming media.
  • Stereotypes in popular media.
  • Cinema's cultural influence.
  • Media in cultural diplomacy.
  • Subcultures portrayed in media.
  • Cultural values in advertising.
  • Digital era's impact on identity.
  • Media literacy and cultural understanding.
  • Indigenous media and revival efforts.
  • Media's portrayal of cultural heritage.

Health and Well-Being 

  • Mental health stigma and impact.
  • Healthcare access in communities.
  • Health disparities and social factors.
  • Exercise and mental well-being.
  • Technology's health influence.
  • Nutrition education and public health.
  • Workplace wellness and productivity.
  • Holistic mental health care.
  • Health education in communities.
  • Aging populations and healthcare.
  • Healthcare affordability and access.
  • Preventive healthcare strategies.
  • Telemedicine in healthcare.
  • Mental health advocacy.
  • Social support and health outcomes.

Social Inequality and Stratification

  • Income inequality and mobility.
  • Education's role in social stratification.
  • Wealth distribution and class.
  • Gender inequality at work.
  • Racial disparities in resources.
  • Intersectionality and oppression.
  • Social exclusion and marginalization.
  • Housing segregation and urban divide.
  • Health disparities by socio-economic status.
  • Poverty perpetuation across generations.
  • Globalization's impact on inequality.
  • Politics and socio-economic status.
  • Cultural capital and advantage.
  • Technology's role in inequality.
  • Social welfare policies' efficacy.

Family and Relationships

  • Changing family structures.
  • Divorce's impact on children.
  • Communication in relationships.
  • Cross-cultural family values.
  • Technology and family interaction.
  • Support for single-parent families.
  • Intergenerational caregiving.
  • Work-life balance.
  • Family influence on identity.
  • LGBTQ+ family dynamics.
  • Family rituals' significance.
  • Economic stress and families.
  • Parenting styles and child growth.
  • Long-distance relationships today.
  • Caregiving for aging parents.

Crime and Deviance

  • Theories of crime causation.
  • Juvenile delinquency interventions.
  • White-collar crime and deviance.
  • Poverty's link to crime.
  • Cybercrime and security.
  • Criminal profiling effectiveness.
  • Restorative justice practices.
  • Illegal substance policies and crime impact.
  • Crime prevention strategies.
  • Rehabilitation vs. punishment.
  • Reintegration of ex-convicts.
  • Gender disparities in justice.
  • Social impact of hate crimes.
  • Police-community relations.
  • Gangs and organized crime.

Research Methods in Sociology

Sociology research methods are used to study society, social behavior, and the relationships between individuals and groups. Here are some commonly used research methods in sociology:

Research Methods in Sociology

Surveys involve gathering data by asking a sample of individuals about their attitudes, beliefs, behaviors, or demographics. Surveys can be conducted through interviews (in-person or over the phone), questionnaires (paper-based or online), or mailed surveys.

Interviews involve face-to-face or virtual interactions between a researcher and a respondent. They can be structured (using predetermined questions), semi-structured (a blend of predetermined and open-ended questions), or unstructured (allowing for free-flowing conversation).


Observation involves systematically watching and recording social behaviors and interactions in natural settings. Researchers can be participant observers (actively involved in the group being studied) or non-participant observers (observing from a distance).


Experiments involve manipulating variables in a controlled setting to observe their effects on social behavior. While less common in sociology due to ethical considerations and the complexity of social phenomena, experiments can provide valuable insights into cause-and-effect relationships.

Content Analysis

Content analysis involves systematically analyzing textual, visual, or audio content related to research topics in sociology to identify patterns, themes, and meanings. This method is often used to study media, documents, speeches, or other forms of communication.

Historical Research

Historical research involves studying past events, documents, and artifacts to understand social phenomena and changes. This method relies on archival research, document analysis, and historical narratives.


Ethnography involves immersive fieldwork and participant observation within a specific social group or community to understand its culture, norms, and practices. Ethnographic research often produces rich, qualitative data through prolonged engagement with the community.

Case Studies

Case studies involve in-depth analysis of a particular individual, group, organization, or community to understand specific social phenomena or issues. Case studies can use various data sources, including interviews, observations, and documents.

Secondary Data Analysis

Researchers analyze existing data sets that other researchers, government agencies, or organizations collect. Secondary data analysis can involve reanalyzing data to address new research questions or combining multiple data sets for comparative analysis. Study this guide on how to write a discursive essay if you want to boost your prowess with papers.

How to Choose Sociology Research Paper Topics

Choosing sociology research topic ideas can be both exciting and challenging. Here are some steps to help you select a topic that interests you and aligns with your research goals:

How to Choose Sociology Research Paper Topics

Identify Your Interests

Start by considering themes that interest you in sociology. Reflect on issues, questions, or areas you find intriguing or are passionate about exploring further.

Explore Current Trends and Debates

Read academic journals, news articles, and books to stay updated with the latest trends, debates, and controversies in sociology. This will help you understand what topics are being discussed and researched.

Consider Your Audience

Consider who your audience will be and what sociology research topics for college students would be most relevant or engaging. Consider the interests and concerns of your peers, instructors, or potential readers.

Brainstorm Ideas

Set aside some time to brainstorm potential research paper topics. Write down any ideas that come to mind, even if they initially seem unconventional or unrelated. You can always refine or narrow down your list later.

Narrow Down Your Focus

Once you have a list of potential topics, narrow it down based on your interests, feasibility, and the scope of your research paper. Consider the availability of data and resources for each topic.

Define Your Research Questions

For each potential topic, formulate specific research questions you hope to address in your paper. Your research questions should be clear, focused, and relevant.

Evaluate the Significance

Assess the significance and relevance of potential research paper topics . Ask yourself why the subject is important and how it contributes to understanding sociological phenomena.

Consult with Your Instructor or Peers

If you're unsure about a particular topic, seek feedback from your instructor, classmates, or peers. They can offer valuable insights and help you refine your ideas.

Stay Flexible

Remember that your research paper topic may evolve as you conduct more research and delve deeper into the subject. Be open to adjusting your topic or research questions based on new information or insights.

Choose a Topic You're Passionate About

Ultimately, choose a topic that you're genuinely passionate about and excited to explore further. Your enthusiasm for the subject will make the research process more enjoyable and enhance your paper's quality.

Five Features of a Great Sociology Research Topic

A good sociology research topic possesses several key features that make it compelling, relevant, and suitable for investigation. Here are five essential features to look for:

Interdisciplinary Potential

In case your topic doesn’t match these criteria, you can tell one of our experts ‘ write paper for me ,’ and they’ll come up with a brilliant theme for your assignment. 

Sociology Research Topics

Finding really good sociology research topics ideas is important because it ensures our research matters. 

Great topics help us examine important social issues, better understand things, and maybe even develop new ideas that can make a difference. 

When we pick interesting and relevant topics, it's easier to get other people excited about our research, too, which means we can collaborate with others and share our findings more widely. Plus, we're more likely to do better research and find more meaningful results when we're passionate about the topic.

In case you're interested, we have a similar article about economics essay topics .

Let's Write Your Sociological Legacy!

Our skilled research essay writers will craft a masterpiece that'll echo through the annals of academia!

How to Choose a Research Topic in Sociology?

What is a sociological research question, what is the best topic for sociology.

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Daniel Parker

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is an expert in nursing and healthcare, with a strong background in history, law, and literature. Holding advanced degrees in nursing and public health, his analytical approach and comprehensive knowledge help students navigate complex topics. On EssayPro blog, Adam provides insightful articles on everything from historical analysis to the intricacies of healthcare policies. In his downtime, he enjoys historical documentaries and volunteering at local clinics.

  • New content structure.
  • Added Features of a Great Sociology Research Topic
  • Updated topics.
  • Sociology Research Areas. (n.d.). https://sociology.cornell.edu/research
  • Enjoy Expert Service for Sociology PhD Writing With No Issues. (2024, February 23). PhD Research. https://www.phdresearch.net/6-actual-phd-topics-in-sociology/
  • LibGuides: Research Topic Ideas: Behavioral & Social Sciences. (n.d.). https://libguides.umflint.edu/topics/socialscience

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Education Research Topics: 240 Wholesome Ideas

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Sociology articles from across Nature Portfolio

Latest research and reviews.

research paper for sociology topics

Affective polarization and dynamics of information spread in online networks

  • Kristina Lerman
  • Dan Feldman

research paper for sociology topics

The influence of education on gender attitudes among ethno-religious majority and minority youth in Germany from a longitudinal perspective

  • Hakan Yücetas
  • Sarah Carol

research paper for sociology topics

Induced abortion among adolescent girls and young women: should geography matter in Ghana?

  • Joshua Okyere
  • Frank Kyei-Arthur
  • Isaac Yeboah

research paper for sociology topics

Misunderstanding the harms of online misinformation

This Perspective identifies common misperceptions regarding the harms of online misinformation, finding that exposure to false and inflammatory content is rare and concentrated among a small minority of people who already have extreme views.

  • Ceren Budak
  • Brendan Nyhan
  • Duncan J. Watts

research paper for sociology topics

A nineteenth-century urban Ottoman population micro dataset: Data extraction and relational database curation from the 1840s pre-census Bursa population registers

  • M. Erdem Kabadayı

Unemployment, hustling, and waithood: exploring Zimbabwean urban male youth’s utilisation of ICT in soccer betting

  • Martin Magidi
  • Tavengwa Gwekwerere


News and Comment

research paper for sociology topics

Long ties across networks accelerate the spread of social contagions

Long ties that bridge socially separate regions of networks are critical for the spread of contagions, such as innovations or adoptions of new norms. Contrary to previous thinking, long ties have now been found to accelerate social contagions, even for behaviours that involve the social reinforcement of adoption by network neighbours.

research paper for sociology topics

We urgently need a culture of multi-operationalization in psychological research

Analysis of different operationalizations shows that many scientific results may be an artifact of the operationalization process. A culture of multi-operationalization may be needed for psychological research to develop valid knowledge.

  • Dino Carpentras

research paper for sociology topics

Long online discussions are consistently the most toxic

An ambitious investigation has analysed discourse on eight social-media platforms, covering a vast array of topics and spanning several decades. It reveals that online conversations increase in toxicity as they get longer — and that this behaviour persists despite shifts in platforms’ business models, technological advances and societal norms.

research paper for sociology topics

Using stakeholder network analysis to enhance the impact of participation in water governance

Citizen participation in water governance can improve the relevance, implementation, and effectiveness of public policies. However, participation can be expressed in a great diversity of forms, on a gradient ranging from mere public consultation to shared governance of natural resources. Positive outcomes ultimately depend on the conditions under which participation takes place, with key factors such as leadership, the degree of trust among stakeholders, and the interaction of public authorities with citizens. Social network analysis has been used to operationalize participatory processes, contributing to the identification of leaders, intersectoral integration, strategic planning, and conflict resolution. In this commentary, we analyze the potential and limitations of participation in water governance and illustrate it with the case of the Campina de Faro aquifer in southern Portugal. We propose that stakeholder network analysis is particularly useful for promoting decentralized decision-making and consensual water resources management. The delegation of power to different interest groups is a key process in the effectiveness of governance, which can be operationalized with network analysis techniques.

  • Isidro Maya Jariego

research paper for sociology topics

How a tree-hugging protest transformed Indian environmentalism

Fifty years ago, a group of women from the villages of the Western Himalayas sparked Chipko, a green movement that remains relevant in the age of climate change.

  • Seema Mundoli

research paper for sociology topics

To understand mRNA vaccine hesitancy, stop calling the public anti-science

  • Patrick Peretti-Watel
  • Pierre Verger
  • Jeremy K. Ward

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research paper for sociology topics

Sociology and Criminology

Matthew anderson on surviving and thriving in the iowa sociology phd program.

andersson graduation pic

Earning the highest degree a university offers is hard. Students working on their PhD degrees often speak of it in terms of “surviving” the program. And, if surviving a PhD program is hard, thriving in it to craft a promising career can seem impossible. The goal is to develop independent research that advances knowledge in the field, all while working as a teaching or research assistant. Students may ask themselves how they can come up with an important research topic, read hundreds of seemingly unreadable research articles, and then find time to do painstaking research after grading all those student papers. 

Matthew Andersson is an ideal person to show us how to meet this challenge. He earned a PhD from our department in 2014 and is now an associate professor at Baylor University, where he has become a prominent sociologist studying health and wellbeing. In recognition of his achievements, Matt was invited to give this year’s Rees Lecture, which honors distinguished scholars and practitioners who have been associated with the University of Iowa.

Matt says that he decided to be a social scientist early on. Then he decided on sociology because the field is broad and flexible. Sociologists sometimes joke that they can study anything they want and call it sociology. “I chose Iowa because the department accepts only a few students each year and works hard to help all of them succeed,” he says. “It has a strong reputation, funding support, and the culture of Iowa City helps too.”

Two aspects of earning a PhD were most challenging for Matt. First was the dreaded “Comps” or comprehensive exams. Multiple, long, hard tests of every aspect of knowledge in a field. Studying for months without any way of knowing if it would end in success. And then there is submitting a paper for publication and being asked for extensive revisions that take months more work only to have the paper rejected by a scientific journal. Who wouldn’t think about quitting? But he grew to enjoy the hard work and intellectual solitude that produces successful research. Eventually. And then there is the overwhelming joy of having that first article accepted for publication. 

Andersson picture

Research opportunities to work with professors in the department were instrumental in launching his successful career. Professor Jennifer Glanville taught him longitudinal research methods and how to use large data sets to study social effects over time. Professor Freda Lynn taught him how to code and analyze social networks. Professor Jennifer Glass (now at the University of Texas) involved him in a cross-national study of parenthood and happiness. He worked with Professors Mike Sauder and Bodi Vasi to analyze the text of published articles to develop their sociological theories. Working with Professor Sarah Harkness on illness beliefs led to published articles. He continues to work with Professor Steven Hitlin on the sociological understanding of dignity. Their book on the science of dignity was published in 2023. (See the article about the book in this issue of the Newsletter.) We can safely conclude that Matt is so successful because he worked so hard with so many people on a wide variety of academic projects.

andersson lecture pic

He offers a laundry list of simple rules to help students succeed in a PhD program. Have a work routine that applies to most days. Work consistently and take small breaks even when you feel like you don’t have time for them. If you are going to procrastinate, then procrastinate skillfully. Be flexible and unassuming whenever you can. It takes time and patience to develop expertise and learn to recognize expertise. So, absorb whatever you can from interacting with faculty and their published works. Try to say, yes, even if you are only a little interested. That leads to unexpected opportunities. Set limits on how deeply you’ll let yourself be consumed by any one project. Keep in touch with who you are. Pursue joyful activities while you are a graduate student. “For me, I took walks every day and spent time around people and trees,” he says.

So, there you have it. It is possible to thrive in the sociology PhD program at University of Iowa, just follow Matt Andersson. 

NOTICE: The University of Iowa Center for Advancement is an operational name for the State University of Iowa Foundation, an independent, Iowa nonprofit corporation organized as a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt, publicly supported charitable entity working to advance the University of Iowa. Please review its full disclosure statement.

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