Final Year Project Proposal

Proposal maker.

final year research project sample

As a student, your final year project proposal is one of the most crucial and critical documents that you will be tasked to develop as it can dictate the flow and potential results of the last academic requirement that you will create.

Moreover, this document can also affect your final grade as well as your academic standing especially if you are vying for an honorable mention at the end of the school year. Just like a nonprofit project plan , ensure that your final year project proposal is realistic and measurable so that it will be easier for you to attain the achievement of your goals and objectives.

Since you may have properly been immersed in different educational programs and academic researches, developing a final year project proposal should already come easy for you. However, this does not mean that you have to be lousy when it comes to the creation of the document as it can affect you and your academic life in many more ways than one. You may also see business proposal examples .

To help you come up with an outstanding final year project proposal that is most likely to be approved either by your project adviser or your project panelists, we have put together a list of final year project proposal examples that can be used as your references when formatting the document or listing all the information that you would like to discuss.

1. Final Year Student Project Proposal

Final Year Student Project Proposal

  • Google Docs
  • Apple Pages

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2. Example of Project Proposal

Example of Project Proposal

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3. Final Year Computer Science Project Proposal

Final Year Computer Science Project Proposal

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4. Sample Final Year Project Proposal Form Example

Final Year Project Proposal Form Example 01

5. Final Year Project Proposal Guide Example

Final Year Project Proposal Guide Example 01

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6. Final Year Project Proposal Preparation

You have to be armed with the basic knowledge of project proposal writing if you want to create a final year project proposal that will work to your advantage. It is essential for you to be aware of the information that you will include in the actual proposal as well as the ways on how you can persuade your adviser or project panelists that your proposal is relevant, beneficial to your target community, and doable. You may also see service proposal examples .

Some of the activities that you can do so you can start the preparation of the drafting of your final year project proposal include the following:

1. Be familiar with the target community that you will be working with. If this is not applicable with the kind of final year project proposal that you are doing, you can just specify the entities who will benefit from the results of your researches or the individuals and groups who can make the most out of the project that you will come up with once it has already been realized. You may also like short proposal examples .

2. Ensure that you already have a vision or a basic plan of implementation in your mind. You need to have an idea on how you can execute the project that you have proposed. This can help you to convince your target audience that your final year project proposal should be approved as you have a skeletal guide that will allow you to realize your desired activities and planned functions. You can strengthen your basic plan of action with the help of additional researches and credible resources.

3. Assess your skills in technical and research writing. It will be best if you will use references like downloadable examples or the existing documents that have the same functions, objectives, and/or content direction when compared to the final year project proposal that you would like to develop. Having these references will allow you to know the best way on how you can present your proposal discussion. You may also check out research proposal examples .

4. Whether it is a community project plan or a scientific project proposal that you will incorporate in your final year project document, make sure that you will present the objective of the study and make sure that you will use it as the core of your final year project proposal. It is essential for you to provide a discussion that can showcase how necessary it is for your project to push through so that you can positively impact communities and other entities.

7. Simple Final Year Project Proposal For Students Example

Simple Final Year Project Proposal Example 01

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8. Senior Year Project Proposal Design Example

Senior Year Project Proposal Design Example 01

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Things to Look into When Developing a Final Year Project Proposal

Aside from the preparation guidelines that can help you draft a complete, detailed, and well-formulated final year project proposal, there are also elements and factors that you have to consider so you can ensure the effectiveness of the final year project proposal that you will come up with at the end of the undertaking. You may also see investment proposal examples .

A few of the things that you have to look into during the procedures of developing a final year project proposal are as follows:

1. During the initial discussion of developing a final year project proposal, it will be best if you will take note of all the instructions and guides that your professor or project adviser will present you with. It is important for you to be aware of these details as there are limitations, scopes, regulations, and rules that you need to follow so that your final year project proposal can have the chance to get approved. You may also like freelance proposal examples .

2. Depending on the university where you are studying, a final year project proposal can be created either in groups or by individuals. You have to measure the ability of your group mates to provide the deliverable required by your final year project proposal so that misunderstandings and lackluster performance will not exist within the entirety of the document’s development. You may also check out budget proposal examples .

If you are working alone, you have to be organized on how you can perform the tasks that you need to accomplish so that you can effectively create your own final year project proposal.

3. Just like the steps that you can follow on  how to write a successful thesis proposal , you should map the procedures that you will immerse yourself into when creating your final year project proposal. Outlines and checklists can help you a lot to maintain the organization of your activities. If all information are well-arranged and if you have prepared the layout of your proposal presentation, then you can come up with a concise and direct to the point version of the proposal that you would like to achieve.

4. Be prepared to get involved in immense research processes, critical thinking, and thoughtful studies. You need to develop your final year project proposal based on facts and credible informative sources, which is why you have to be careful with all the details that you will list down and discuss in the specified document. You might be interested in security proposal examples .

9. Comprehensive Final Year Project Proposal Example

Comprehensive Final Year Project Proposal Example 1

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10. Final Year Project Proposal Guidelines Example

Final Year Project Proposal Guidelines Example 1

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11. Final Year Project Proposal Example

Final Year Project Proposal Example 01

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What Should You Include in a Final Year Project Proposal?

The structure and content development requirements of a final year project proposal vary from one academic institution to another. Hence, do not compare the overall final year project proposal that you need to make from those that are presented in templates and examples. You may also see fundraising proposal examples.

However, it will be helpful if you will use the specified references to polish the format of your final year project proposal and to ensure that its content is presentable. Here are some of the basic information that you can include in a simple final year project proposal:

1. Present a title for the final year project proposal. This will help you present an overview of what the proposal is all about or the subject that you would like to discuss and further look into.

2. Just like when developing a business proposal where there is a need for a business proposal cover letter , you may also write a cover letter for your final year project proposal. Develop a headline and an executive summary that can give an idea of the flow of the final year project execution based on the proposal that you will submit. Allow the executive summary to be brief, so only include necessary and relevant information when doing this part of the proposal.

3. Present project details that can get the attention of your target audience and those that can make the proposal appealing. An introduction may be necessary which should be composed of one to two pages. However, there are some academic institutions that uses an executive summary and an introduction interchangeably.

4. Come up with a concise discussion of your methodology. You have to present the steps that can help you achieve the vision that you have in mind. It will be best if you can include the incorporation of strategies and tactics within all the steps that you need to follow. You may also check out conference proposal examples.

5. One of the most important parts of the final year project proposal is the literature review. If there are existing works and other papers that have already dealt with an area of the project that you would like to execute, make sure that you will specify them in your general proposal so that your claims and your proposal can be stronger.

Aside from the items listed above, you can also include the benefits of your project, the community that you need to work with, the requirements of the project, and other elements that you may be required by your school or organization. Again, feel free to alter any of the information specified above based on the nature of your simple project proposal , the needs and instructions of your academic institution as well as the format and discussion that you will use for developing the document.

12. Guidelines for Final Year Project Proposal Example

Guidelines For Final Year Project Proposal Example 01

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13. 4th Year Project Proposal Overview Example

4th Year Project Proposal Overview Example 1

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14. Detailed Final Year Project Proposal Example

Detailed Final Year Project Proposal Example 01

Useful Tips That You Can Refer to for Final Year Project Proposal Development

Your project proposal during your final year is an essential document that can serve as one of the culmination of your undergraduate life. Hence, you have to exert your full effort and time when making this academic document. You might be interested on learning  how to write a proposal .

Here are some of the useful tips that you can use as references and guides if you want to develop an efficient final year project proposal:

1. Know the general schedule that you need to adhere to when developing the document. You have to know the actual deadline that you must consider as well as the entire duration in which you will be tasked to complete the content and presentation of your own final year project. It will be easier for you to develop a proposal if you know the time frames in which work functions are needed to be completed.

2. If there are particular topics, subject areas, or specifications that your final year project proposal must adhere to, ensure that you will not veer away from them. Even if you have the best proposal, if it is not related to the subject or key points that are expected for every professional proposal to have, then your final year project proposal may still be rejected and wasted.

3. Once you already have an idea of what you will present, it is important for you to know the structure that you will use for simple proposal presentation and discussion. You have to know the layout that will work best for the development of your final year project proposal format.

Know the font sizes, spacing, heading and subheading usage, and even the margins that will be used for the document. Take note that these formatting requirements may sometimes be given by your adviser or professor, so you have to be aware of the specific instructions that you need to follow. You may also like sponsorship proposal examples.

Maximize the usage of our final year project proposal examples in PDF as well as the discussion available in this post. We hope that these references are already enough for you to create a functional and highly effective final year project proposal of your own.

How do you write a final year project proposal?

  • Title: Choose a clear, descriptive title for your project.
  • Introduction: Provide an overview of the project’s background, significance, and objectives.
  • Literature Review: Summarize existing research related to your topic to establish its context.
  • Research Question/Hypothesis: Clearly state your research question or hypothesis.
  • Methodology: Describe the research methods you’ll use, such as data collection, data analysis, and any tools or instruments.
  • Data Collection: Explain how you plan to collect data, including sources, participants, and ethical considerations.
  • Data Analysis: Outline the techniques and software you’ll use for data analysis.
  • Expected Outcomes: Describe what you anticipate discovering or achieving.
  • Timeline: Provide a detailed schedule for your project, including milestones and deadlines.
  • References: List all the sources you’ve cited in your proposal.
  • Budget: If applicable, detail the budget for your project, including funding sources and expenses.
  • Conclusion: Summarize your proposal and emphasize its importance.
  • Appendices: Include any additional materials, such as questionnaires or surveys.

How does a project proposal look like?

1. Title Page:

  • Title of the Project
  • Contact Information

2. Table of Contents (if applicable)

3. Executive Summary:

A concise overview of the project, including its significance, objectives, and expected outcomes.

4. Introduction:

  • Background and context of the project.
  • Problem statement or need the project addresses.
  • Purpose and objectives of the project.

5. Literature Review:

Summary of relevant research and existing knowledge related to the project.

6. Project Description:

  • Detailed explanation of the project, its scope, and methodology.
  • Justification for the project.

7. Methodology:

  • Description of the research methods, data collection, and analysis techniques.
  • Ethical considerations (if applicable).

8. Timeline:

A proposed schedule for project activities, including milestones and deadlines.

  • Detailed breakdown of the project’s financial requirements.
  • Funding sources (if applicable).

10. Expected Outcomes:

What you anticipate achieving or discovering through the project.

11. Conclusion:

A summary of the proposal’s key points and its significance.

What is the standard format for project proposal with example?

[Your Name] [Your Department] [Your University or Organization] [Date]

Title: Exploring the Impact of Climate Change on Local Ecosystems

Introduction: In recent years, the effects of climate change on local ecosystems have become a growing concern. This project aims to investigate the impact of climate change on our region’s biodiversity.

Problem Statement: The rise in global temperatures and shifts in weather patterns pose a significant threat to the ecological balance of our region. Understanding these impacts is crucial for developing strategies to mitigate and adapt to climate change.


  • To assess changes in local flora and fauna due to climate change.
  • To identify vulnerable species and ecosystems.
  • To propose conservation measures to protect local biodiversity.

Literature Review: A review of relevant studies and reports reveals a consensus on the increasing risks of climate change to ecosystems. Research indicates that shifts in temperature and precipitation patterns can lead to habitat loss and disruptions in food chains.

Methodology: This project will involve field surveys, data collection, and analysis of temperature and precipitation data over the past decade. We will also conduct interviews with local experts and community members.

Data Collection and Analysis: We will gather data from weather stations, conduct biodiversity surveys, and use statistical tools to analyze trends. Ethical considerations will guide our interactions with local ecosystems and communities.

Expected Outcomes: This research will provide valuable insights into the ecological consequences of climate change in our region. It will inform local conservation efforts and promote awareness.

  • Literature review and research design: Months 1-2
  • Data collection: Months 3-6
  • Data analysis: Months 7-9
  • Report writing and dissemination: Months 10-12
  • Field equipment: $5,000
  • Travel expenses: $2,500
  • Research assistants: $10,000
  • Data analysis software: $1,500

Risks and Mitigations: Potential risks include adverse weather conditions and difficulties in data collection. Mitigations involve backup data sources and flexible timelines.

Conclusion: This project addresses a critical environmental issue and contributes to our understanding of the local impact of climate change. It is both feasible and vital for the conservation of our region’s ecosystems.

General FAQ’s

What is a project proposal.

A project proposal is a formal document that presents a detailed plan for a specific project, outlining its objectives, scope, methodology, expected outcomes, and budget to secure approval or funding.

How many pages should a final year project proposal be?

The length of a final year project proposal can vary, but it typically ranges from 10 to 20 pages. However, it should be as long as necessary to fully convey the project’s details and rationale.

How do you write a short project proposal?

To write a short project proposal, focus on a concise format. Include sections for introduction, problem statement, objectives, methodology, budget, timeline, and expected outcomes, keeping it clear and to the point.


Text prompt

  • Instructive
  • Professional

Generate a proposal for a new school recycling program

Compose a proposal for a school field trip to a science museum.

Final Year Project Proposal Format (+PDF Sample, Free Download)

Cover Image for Final Year Project Proposal Format (+PDF Sample, Free Download)

Free project proposal template: In this post is a sample project proposal for final year undergraduate students. This will give you a solid idea of the elements of a project proposal and the essential information contained in them.

One thing you have to note is that format for a project proposal can sometimes vary depending on what your supervisor, department or school prefer. For example, this sample project proposal is derived from a format used at the University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN). So check if there is any specific format recommended by your school, else you can derive from this example.

Sample project proposal for undergraduate/final year students





There is a need to develop mechanical systems applicable for converting the small hydro potentials that exist in Nigeria to small-scale hydroelectricity.

Inspired by the need for Nigeria to explore energy sources that are more environmentally friendly than fossil fuel, suitable for industrial applications, and yet economical, this project work is on constructing a Pelton turbine suitable for small-scale hydroelectricity generation.

The method of getting this work done involves studying and analyzing the design of already existing Pelton turbines and then constructing such a turbine from locally available materials.

Although the scope of this work doesn’t go beyond the construction of a Pelton turbine, a number of other systems that will help in demonstrating the end result will be incorporated into the work.


Title page i

Approval Abstract

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Statement of the problem
  • Purpose of the study

Chapter Two: Literature Review

  • Review of Pelton turbine design
  • Justification of the study

Chapter Three: Methodology

  • Pelton wheel design
  • Choice of Materials
  • Cost analysis


Over the years, much effort has been put into developing alternative energy sources free from the negative consequences of fossil fuels. Hydroelectricity has remained among the top alternative to fossil fuels because of its numerous advantages.

In many countries, including China, India, and Brazil, attention has been paid not only to large-scale hydropower plants but also to small-scale hydroelectricity. But in Nigeria, it is not so. Small-scale hydro has not been given much attention in the country, and there is a need to have locally manufactured systems that will help the country utilize the hydro potentials that exist.

1.1 Background of Study

In 1866, Samuel Knight develops a bucketed wheel that captures the energy of a free jet, which converted a high head of water to kinetic energy. Knight’s invention was inspired by the high-pressure jet systems used in hydraulic mining in the gold fields.

Lester Allan Pelton in 1879 develops a double bucket design, exhausting the water to the side, eliminating some energy loss of the Knight wheel which exhausted some water back against the center of the wheel. This Pelton’s invention, today known as the Pelton wheel or Pelton turbine, marked the first time energy from the water was converted most efficiently.

Inspired by the invention of the earlier water wheels, the Pelton turbine is being used in engineering applications today, especially in hydroelectric systems where it is used to convert water energy into mechanical energy.

1.2 Statement of the problem

Fossil fuel has been associated with a lot more negative environmental implications than hydroelectricity and other energy renewable energy sources. The negative impacts of fossil fuel for power generation include the increase of greenhouse effect, health implications, global warming, climate change, acidic pollution, oil spills, rise in sea levels, and a shift in the ecological balance and land impacts.

Nigeria is a tropical region country that experiences a long rainy season every year. The rainfall water can be channelled to drive a turbine to produce small-scale electricity. There are also various streams and rivers in the country with small-scale hydro potential. But these sources have gotten little or no attention in the country. Therefore, the need arises to construct turbines that can be used to utilize the small-scale hydro potential in Nigeria to produce more economically and environmentally friendly energy.

1.3 Purpose of study

The aim of this project work is to construct a Pelton turbine suitable for small-scale hydroelectricity generation.

This aim will be achieved through the following objectives:

  • studying the design of already existing Pelton turbines
  • constructing a Pelton turbine using locally available materials

This work will not go into the complexity of modelling or constructing a complete hydroelectric power plant. Instead, this work will focus on constructing a Pelton turbine for small-scale hydro. Other necessary components that will be used to demonstrate the working of the turbine, examples are the water source, alternator, and other electrical components, which are not the mainstay of this work.

Chapter Two

Literature review, 2.1 review of pelton turbine design.

Several works have been done and several studies carried out on Pelton turbines, using both analytical and numerical methods. Most of the advanced studies focused on determining and predicting the performances of the machine. Others have studied the service life, and rupture threshold of the machine due to fatigue or corrosion. A number of past studies have tried to improve the design and construction of a Pelton turbine.

  • Alexandre PERRIG (2007) work tries to fully understand the physical phenomena involved in the Pelton turbine bucket flow.
  • Binaya K.C. and Bhola Thapa (2009) carried out a study mainly focused on finding the pressure distribution inside the Pelton bucket.
  • Bryan Patrick Ho-Yan's (2012) Design of a Low Head Pico Hydro Turbine for Rural Electrification in Cameroon considered, among other things, the general principles and the system components for Pico Hydro.

2.2 Justification of the Study

This work is mainly due to the perceived need for Nigeria to adopt, in a much larger number, small-scale hydroelectric generation. The need for this country to do so includes, but is not limited to the following reasons summarized below:

  • Low power costs: since small-scale hydro plants don’t require any form of fuel to run. In addition to this, it doesn’t require much resources or money to construct micro or Pico hydroelectric plants.
  • Reduced CO2 emissions.
  • Suitability for industrial applications.

Chapter three


In accomplishing this project work, the following methods will be used:

Design : an important and initial part of this work will be the studying of already existing designs of the Pelton turbine so as to be able to construct a high enough Pelton turbine for this project work.

Construction : construction of the turbines will be done with locally available materials. This will involve making a pattern and using a casting process to make construct the buckets, and then sourcing locally available materials for other components of the turbine system.

3.1 Pelton wheel design

The figure below shows the typical geometry of a Pelton type turbine.

The turbine will consist of buckets mounted on a flange. The buckets will be fastened on the flange with a pin. The flange will be mounted on a wheel necessitating the transfer of energy from water to the shaft horsepower.

Water emanating from a nozzle will be used to drive the runner, and the energy extracted from the water will be converted into mechanical energy. The shaft power will be used to drive an alternator to produce electricity.

3.2 Choice of Materials

In constructing the Pelton turbine buckets a heavy metal that will increase the torque obtainable, will be sought. But in the event whereby finding and using such materials for casting the buckets becomes too difficult, aluminium or plastic or any other available and suitable material will be used in the casting work.

The flange, where the buckets will be mounted will be fabricated from mild steel for easier machinability. The shaft will also be made of mild steel.

3.3 Cost analysis

The major cost that will be incurred from this project work will come from constructing the buckets for the Pelton wheel. The reason for this is that such parts are not manufactured in the country, and finding a workshop with a good level of expertise where such a furnace for casting work is available won’t be easy.

Another component that will add significantly to the cost will be a pump, piping, and nozzles that are necessary for demonstrating the working of the turbine. Having considered these and other components that will be needed in this work, the estimated cost for this work is as summarized below:

  • Alexandre PERRIG. (2007) Hydrodynamics of the free surface flow in Pelton turbine buckets . Lausanne, EPFL
  • Binaya K.C., and Bhola Thapa. (2009). Pressure distribution at inner surface of selected pelton bucket for micro hydro . Kathmandu university journal of science, engineering and technology. vol. 5, no. Ii, September, pp 42-50.
  • Bryan Patrick Ho-Yan. (2012). Design of a Low Head Pico Hydro Turbine for Rural Electrification in Cameroon . Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
  • Anonymous (2016). “Hydroelectricity.” Wikipedia [online]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydroelectricity. Accessed [full date].

Download sample project proposal PDF

Note: To see the formatting and proper arrangement of this example, I advise that you download a project proposal PDF . Also, there are images in the PDF document which I did not include in this sample.

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Hello sir/ ma, please can you show me the sample of project proposal on the topic, "the right of women to properity inheritances in Nigeria.

Complete project proposal.

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How To Write Your Final Year Project Chapter One  | ResearchWap Blog

  • Posted: Wednesday, 03 June 2020
  • By: ResearchWap Admin

How To Write Your Final Year Project Chapter One (Introduction To A Research Project)

Before embarking on the journey to write your final year project, you should have this at the back of your mind that the introduction or the very first chapter should be written to aim at getting your readers interested and excited about the project, to encourage them to read the whole research work.

A good introduction of the final year project should tell the reader what the project is all about without assuming special knowledge and without introducing any specific material that might obscure the overview. It should anticipate and combine the main points described in more detail in the rest of the project report.

What is the Final Year Project?

The Final Year Project (FYP) consists of an individual piece of work of 9,000-11,000 words in length, on a subject of the student’s own choosing providing that it is within the area of course of studies, broadly defined.  A working title and a brief description of your intended Project should be submitted when requested so that an allocation can be made to the most appropriate supervisor.  After your first consultation with your supervisor, you may need to refine or to redefine your chosen project topics to ensure that you are manageable and feasible for undergraduate students.  The supervisor who is allocated to you will have supervised many undergraduate projects before and is therefore in a good position to give you good general academic advice regarding the shape and general direction of your project.  She or he may be well known to some of the specialist literature base that you intend to access and  may  be able to give you some advice and guidance along the way.  However, it is not uncommon that students at times pick a project topic that accesses a wide range of literature with which the supervisor is not familiar - but this does not mean that your tutor is not able to offer sound, general advice on project planning and writing.  It is not always a good idea to pick a project topic of which you feel passionately about, as there is a danger that the project can become polemical rather than analytical.

How To Choose A Good Project Topic?

You can choose a project topic which is drawn primarily from one of your contributing field of studies or from a combination of disciplines.  Many students choose Project topics that are topical in nature and in which the literature is drawn from a wide range of sources.  Whatever project topic that is chosen, the Project should reflect the fact that you have acquired a particular knowledge base and academic skills and should be a showcase of the ways in which you can demonstrate such skills.  The Project is an independent piece of work that allows the student the opportunity to apply theoretical perspectives to his or her field of study’s problems or to undertake work in real depth on his or her field of study’s problem in which they are interested.  Many students take the opportunity to undertake some empirical work in their Project by undertaking a small-scale survey and in this case, it is particularly important to receive the advice of the supervisors to ensure that what you intend to undertake is feasible and methodologically sound.

Also Read - Step By Step Instructions To Design And Develop A Questionnaire For A Final Year Project

How Do I Get Started?

The golden rule for an undergraduate Project is that  it must be located in a literature base.   This means that if the literature does not exist (as the emergent problem may be extremely topical) then it will be difficult to conduct a Project in this area.  So it is important to read quite widely around the area to locate a starting point for the project.  Often you will find that a good starting point is a relevant chapter for a comprehensive and up-to-date textbook that is highly recommendable in every academic discipline.  You should also undertake more specialized literature searches using the resources of libraries, particularly CD-ROMS and the entire resources of the Internet.  However, you do need to exercise a degree of care when using the Internet as there is no ‘quality control’ mechanism for material published on the Internet as there is for more conventional academic journals and the information you access may be inaccurate or not particularly relevant (if it applies to an American rather than an African audience, for example).

The outline below covers the primary components of a final year project, there may be some variation in how the sections are named or divided, but the overall goals are always the same. Here, this will article takes you through a basic final year project template and explains what you need to include in each part.

Give the introduction and the  background information about the topic

Refer to the important findings of other researchers

Identify the need for further investigation

Indicate your plans for further investigation

State your hypothesis/research questions

State your aim

State your objectives

Indicate the scope of your study, i.e. the width versus the depth of your research

Refer to any limitations of your study

Give a definition of key terms

Outline the content of each chapter

It is not all the final year projects that would need to include all these eleven components. Some of the information will be covered more fully in other chapters. For example, the findings of other researchers will be dealt with in more detail in the Literature Review chapter.

Please note that every research project is different and it varies between the fields of studies and you, therefore, need to consider carefully what you should include. Use the above points as a menu from which to choose what is most appropriate for your own research work.

If you need to include a number of these topics in your final year project, the use of sub-headings would make the structure of your introduction much clearer for the readers.

Also, Read - How To Write Effective Research Project Abstract

Primary Components Of A Final Year Project

Introduction/Background of the study

This is an overall introduction to your topic of interest that provides an in-depth background to the topic.  You must be precise and state the purpose of your research.  This is the most detailed part of your chapter one; and here you would give a historical development of your project topics. State the different overlapping views in this area and significant investigations that researchers have been done.

Also, you should talk about the present state of your research work. Have there been any changes?  You can cite a few paragraphs from your literature review but it must be a summary of the conflicts in your area of the project that has not been addressed.

Statement of the Problem

This is where you state the specific problem that you intend to address. It usually will begin with: This project addresses the problem of…”  When writing your problem, make sure you address the problems that existed before that you intend to proffer solution to in your research.

Objective/Purpose of the study

This is the section where you give the overall purpose of your project.  It must be related to your literature review and must also answer the questions raised in your problem statement.  Ensure that your hypothesis is clearly stated and testable.

The significance of the study

This states the importance of addressing the problem that you are set to work on. You should link your work to any area that you think the study will help. Is it going to improve the human condition or state of education? Whatsoever it is, this is where you have to state the relevance of your research.

Theoretical Framework

This is the basic theory that is used to provide an insight upon which your research work is built.  There lots of theories depending on the topic you are working on.  For example, research materials on evolution would be working with Charles Darwin’s theory.

Research Questions

These are guiding lights to your research and it provides insight into your objective/purpose of the study. Your questions should be structured in a way that it will provide answers to the researcher. Avoid Yes/No questions and try using the WH-questions.

When you ask a YES/NO question you cannot make headway in your project work because you will not have information to work. Stay away from closed-ended questions rather than use open-ended.

Also, Read - How To Develop A Literature Review For A Research Work

Research Hypothesis

Your hypothesis must be tentative to the problem under study and should relate to the questions you have raised in your research questions


There may be constraints that may influence the outcome of your research; they are beyond your control so you must state them.


Some topics are broad and because of the time you have, you might have to deliberately chop off some areas; clearly define the length to which your project will cover.

Definition of terms

Make sure you define important terms and concepts in your projects such as variables, acronyms, and keywords.

Also, Read - Trending Project Topics For Final Year Students At A Glance

 In this section, we said that you should relate your work to that of other people. Other work explicitly cited should be listed in the Reference section and referred to in the text using some kind of key. It is important that you give proper credit to all work that is not strictly your own, and that you do not violate copyright restrictions. It may be desirable to provide a Bibliography section separately from the reference section. In general, references are those documents/sources cited within the text. The bibliography lists documents that have informed the text or are otherwise relevant but have not been explicitly cited. References should be listed in alphabetical order of author‟s surname(s) and should give sufficient and accurate publication details.

For example, Chikofsky, EJ, Cross, JH. 1990. Reverse Engineering and Design Recovery: A Taxonomy. IEEE Software, 7(1):13-17. Date, CJ. 2000. An Introduction to Database Systems, the 7th Edition. Addison-Wesley. are acceptable references.

There are various conventions for quoting references. For example, you can quote the name of the author and the year of publication, e.g. For more information see [Chikofsky et al, 1990]. A more detailed description is given by Date [2000].

There are several other variations. For example, some authors prefer to use only the first three or four letters of the name, e.g. [Chi1990] or just to number the references sequentially, e.g. [3].

It can be helpful to the reader if, for books and other long publications, you specify the page number too, e.g. [Date 2000, p. 23].

Whatever convention you choose, be consistent. Information Services provide a number of leaflets which describe in detail accepted ways of presenting references.

For example, guidance on the Harvard Style of citing and referencing may be viewed at. Whatever style of referencing you adopt, it is critical that you are assiduous in acknowledging the sources you have used; failure to do so may lead to suspicions of unfair practice and an investigation into whether or not your work reflects the standards expected of academic research.

Guidance on plagiarism and how to avoid it is available at

Note that it is seldom sufficient to simply “cut and paste” material from other sources.

Also, Read - How To Develop Effective And Unique Project Topics

When you take material from someone else‟s work, you are doing so because it helps support your argument, or justify decisions you are making. It is therefore essential to make it clear why - 15 - you have included material from other sources; in other words, you need to critically assess the work of others, whether it is supporting your position or not:  If the material you are citing from another source supports your position, you must · explain why it should be trusted. For example, research materials from a published journal will, normally, have been peer-reviewed and can, therefore, be considered to have some validity, according to subject matter experts. Much of what is published on the Internet cannot be regarded in the same way, however.  You will often find that there are conflicting views in the published material; in such · cases, you must explain which view you favor and why, before relying on the material to support your position.  If other writers have taken a different position to the one you support, you must · explain why the reader should accept your ideas rather than those proposed elsewhere. In summary, you need to ensure that you have clearly assessed the relevance of referenced material to the development of your position, or your argument, and demonstrated that you are justified in taking this material to be authoritative.

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How to write a final year project proposal: simple steps.

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How to Write a Final Year Project Proposal

It’s your final year in college and as usual the faculty would require that you conduct a research project. But before you begin the research, you would need to write a project proposal.

Note that a project proposal is not same as a research project. While a research project is a document that is written by a student at the end of an academic degree; in this case, an undergraduate degree, a project proposal is a type of work that represents the basic plan of how the student hopes to accomplish the research goals of his final year project. The project proposal would contain a surface study on the research project.

A good research proposal is very useful in organizing time and resources to complete your final project in a way that ensures your objectives are realized.

Writing a project proposal is not as difficult as most people think. The difficult part is usually knowing what topic you want to base your final year research on. Once you have done this, the other things become easier. The Key to picking an awesome project topic is concentrating on the current problems in the society and trying to find a topic in your field of study that would solve those problems.

After you have picked a topic, the next thing you should do is research that topic and understand what the topic entails. It is advisable that you publish papers centered on your topic. This will enable you understand what path your research work should follow based on its format. Now, you can begin the process of writing your research proposal.

Steps to follow to write a proposal for your final year project.

This is the first part of any final year research project proposal. It should be brief, clear, and easy to understand. The abstract explains what you will be doing, how you will do it, and why you are doing it.


The introduction contains the background of your research proposal. It explains the problems your research would be solving. It also describes the practical approaches you’d be using to solve these problems. Your introduction should also be able to explain how the problems relate to your field of study. Your introduction should be easy to understand and should be backed up with facts. Try to make it an engaging research. Don’t be boring.

Purpose of the study

The goals of your project topic should be clearly defined in this section. You should be able to provide practical reasons why you think this project is important. This section will state hypothesis that need to be tested and questions that are to be answered by your research. You should begin this section with the statement ‘the purpose of this study is…’

In this section, you would provide a detailed explanation of your intended research approach. You would need to state whether it would be a quantitative or qualitative research. Basically, these are the methods you will use in order to prove your hypothesis. This section will also discuss the important variables that you will test in order to prove the validity of your hypothesis.


This section will describe the type of research instruments you would be using to conduct your research. The research instruments may be interview, questionnaire or experiment. In some cases, a research may require more than one research instrument. The key to choosing a research instrument for your research is understanding your research topic and the questions your research poses. Your research instrument must enable you to gather the data needed to answer your research questions appropriately. Most undergraduate projects in the science department use experiments while the humanities and arts use questionnaires more often than not.

This is the last part of your research proposal. All academic writings require references and citations. This shows the readers that you value the work done by others that has helped you formulate the research proposal. It also shows the readers that you understand your project topic. Citations should include the names of authors, title of publication, date of publication and depending on your referencing style and any other necessary information.

I advise against writing the limitations of your research project in your proposal because you have not actually done the research, so you may have no backings to show that it is an actual limitation. So, unless your faculty says otherwise, do not include it in your project proposal. I will also recommend that you consult the guidelines for writing a research proposal in your faculty before you begin. Some faculties have specific criteria they look out for in a research proposal.

When you are done writing your research proposal, proofread it and ensure that it is free from grammar, punctuation and spelling errors. You can proofread by using a grammar or spelling checker. Such checkers are available online.

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» A final year project is a research exercise which students in their final year undertake to demonstration their level of understanding in the course that they have studied so far in the tertiary institution. » However, this exercise requires students to choose these final year projects based on their areas of specialization i.e. the part of your discipline you find interesting and will likely pursue further in your career either in your academic career as in masters’ degree, doctorate degree or your pursuit for greener pastures. » It is also important to point out that not all final year projects are written, some are constructed and exhibited just like fine arts students will make a sculpture, theatre arts students would act drama, computer science students will preferably programme computer source codes for the implementation of their project designs, so also would engineering students and sometime agricultural science students in the best ways they would prefer. » Whichever be the case, final year students are expected to document whatever it is they are researching and exhibiting. The reason is that it does a lot of good to them and others during their final year project exhibition to narrate the steps taken to arrive at the results they are presenting. In most cases moreover, students are required to write a final year project proposal which serves as a guide on what they plan to research on and why.

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Published May 22, 2024

Navigating the Final Project for Your Major

Sade Collier

Class of 2024

April is a bittersweet month for seniors. From academics to social life, seniors prepare for graduation and juggle regular college activities. The final weeks of my undergraduate experience were filled with complicated emotions and cumulative deadlines that marked the end of my college career. So I primarily used April to complete my final projects for the College of Arts and Science (CAS) Department of Social and Cultural Analysis and the Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute. 

As a graduating student, your final project can take on a variety of shapes depending on your major. Nonetheless, it is always a project that reflects the skills and knowledge you have learned over time. As a Social and Cultural Analysis and Journalism double major, I completed a 40-to-60 page thesis and a 3,000-word journalistic capstone. Here is how I managed to complete these projects. 

Planning Ahead

It is no surprise that you have to complete a senior thesis or final project for your major. So consider brainstorming ideas ahead of your research seminar. If you do so, then you can spend more time during your seminar or independent study crafting a scalable project. 

To learn more about the process of completing an undergraduate research project and pursuing honors at CAS, check out the UG Research and Honors web page.

Note: The requirements for your final project(s) may vary based on your school or department.

Establishing Contacts

Do you know what a peer review is ? If not, peer review is giving your work to other researchers and academics who share a similar expertise for their review. This is an excellent opportunity to discover additional scholarship from your peers and receive intentional critique. You should review the editorial policy of your department before conducting a peer review. 

In addition to the adviser who will oversee your final project, NYU offers many workshops to help students with their research and writing. What’s more, you can book an appointment with the Writing Center at any point in your college career for assistance with non-exam written assignments.

A photo of a computer, coffee, pastries and a notebook

Get in the Zone

To be my most productive, I need to work outside of the space that I live in. But I didn’t always know this about myself—it took me awhile to realize it. Now I spend a considerable amount of time outlining and writing sketches in cafes or university and public libraries.

Build a Consistent Schedule

While your department and adviser(s) will help you name deadlines, you have to do a lot of the planning for your project on your own time. So I do not advise tackling papers longer than 20 pages in one week. Even that can be a stretch! Establishing parameters for your final project will help you manage your stress and promote self-guided accountability.

photo of pencils with a lightbulb on top

Use Institutional Resources

Along with the Writing Center, NYU Libraries is an excellent resource. You can regularly turn to it while crafting your final project. You will have access to millions of digital and print resources that can help you save money on books and other scholarly materials. NYU also has more than 30 research librarians who have varying concentrations in the field of research. 

In addition, NYU offers research grants (similar to the Wasserman Center Internship Grant ). CAS students who are pursuing grand-scale final projects may consider applying for the Dean’s Undergraduate Research Fund .

Be Kind to Yourself

Finally, your final project is the pinnacle of everything you have done at NYU. Even getting started is worthy of a treat! Take necessary breaks and divide the work into digestible chunks. What’s more, remember to lean on your peers and adviser(s) for support along the way.

Sade Collier Headshot

Hiya! I’m Sade (she/they) and I’m a senior pursuing an interdisciplinary study of Social and Cultural Analysis, Journalism, and Creative Writing in CAS. I’m currently researching Black erotics, family dynamics, and community practices. I was raised as a southern peach from Perry, Georgia, but NYC has increasingly become home to me. On campus, I’ve worked as a College Leader in CAS and as a Marketing and Communications Assistant in the Center for Faculty Advancement. I’ve also been a Contributing Writer at Washington Square News and I’m a Martin Luther King Jr. Scholar. When I’m not writing, you can find me tickling my kitties (Clementine and Carrot Cake, for the cat-world initiates), biking with my partner, or crisping up some tofu in my kitchen.

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9 Undergraduate Research Projects That Wowed Us This Year

The telegraph. The polio vaccine. The bar code. Light beer. Throughout its history, NYU has been known for innovation, with faculty and alumni in every generation contributing to some of the most notable inventions and scientific breakthroughs of their time. But you don’t wind up in the history books—or peer-reviewed journals—by accident; academic research, like any specialized discipline, takes hard work and lots of practice. 

And at NYU, for students who are interested, that training can start early—including during an undergraduate's first years on campus. Whether through assistantships in faculty labs, summer internships, senior capstones, or independent projects inspired by coursework, undergrad students have many opportunities to take what they’re learning in the classroom and apply it to create original scholarship throughout their time at NYU. Many present their work at research conferences, and some even co-author work with faculty and graduate students that leads to publication. 

As 2023-2024 drew to a close, the NYU News team coordinated with the Office of the Provost to pull together a snapshot of the research efforts that students undertook during this school year. The nine featured here represent just a small fraction of the impressive work we encountered in fields ranging from biology, chemistry, and engineering to the social sciences, humanities, and the arts. 

These projects were presented at NYU research conferences for undergrads, including Migration and Im/Mobility , Pathways for Discovery: Undergraduate Research and Writing Symposium , Social Impact: NYU’s Applied Undergraduate Research Conference , Arts-Based Undergraduate Research Conference , Gallatin Student Research Conference ,  Dreammaker’s Summit , Tandon’s Research Excellence Exhibit , and Global Engagement Symposium . Learn more about these undergrad research opportunities and others.

Jordan Janowski (CAS '24)

Sade Chaffatt (NYU Abu Dhabi '24)

Elsa Nyongesa (GPH, CAS ’24 )

Anthony Offiah (Gallatin ’26)

Kimberly Sinchi (Tandon ’24) and Sarah Moughal (Tandon ’25)

Rohan Bajaj (Stern '24)

Lizette Saucedo (Liberal Studies ’24)

Eva Fuentes (CAS '24)

Andrea Durham (Tandon ’26)

Jordan Janowski (CAS ’24) Major: Biochemistry Thesis title: “Engineering Chirality for Functionality in Crystalline DNA”

Jordan Janowski (CAS '24). Photo by Tracey Friedman

I work in the Structural DNA Nanotechnology Lab, which was founded by the late NYU professor Ned Seeman, who is known as the father of the field. My current projects are manipulating DNA sequences to self-assemble into high order structures.

Essentially, we’re using DNA as a building material, instead of just analyzing it for its biological functions. It constantly amazes me that this is possible.

I came in as a pre-med student, but when I started working in the lab I realized that I was really interested in continuing my research there. I co-wrote a paper with postdoc Dr. Simon Vecchioni who has been a mentor to me and helped me navigate applying to grad school. I’m headed to Scripps Research in the fall. This research experience has led me to explore some of the molecules that make up life and how they could be engineered into truly unnatural curiosities and technologies.

My PI, Prof. Yoel Ohayon , has been super supportive of my place on the  NYU women’s basketball team, which I’m a  member of. He’s been coming to my games since sophomore year, and he’ll text me with the score and “great game!”— it’s been so nice to have that support for my interests beyond the lab.

Anthony Offiah (Gallatin ’26) Concentration: Fashion design and business administration MLK Scholars research project title: “project: DREAMER”

Anthony Offiah (Gallatin '26). Photo by Tracey Friedman

In “project: DREAMER,” I explored how much a person’s sense of fashion is a result of their environment or societal pressures based on their identity. Certain groups are pressured or engineered to present a certain way, and I wanted to see how much of the opposing force—their character, their personality—affected their sense of style. 

This was a summer research project through the MLK Scholars Program . I did ethnographic interviews with a few people, and asked them to co-design their ideal garments with me. They told me who they are, how they identify, and what they like in fashion, and we synthesized that into their dream garments. And then we had a photo shoot where they were empowered to make artistic choices. 

Some people told me they had a hard time conveying their sense of style because they were apprehensive about being the center of attention or of being dissimilar to the people around them. So they chose to conform to protect themselves. And then others spoke about wanting to safeguard the artistic or vulnerable—or one person used the word “feminine”—side of them so they consciously didn’t dress how they ideally would. 

We ended the interviews by stating an objective about how this co-designing process didn’t end with them just getting new clothes—it was about approaching fashion differently than how they started and unlearning how society might put them in a certain box without their approval.  

My concentration in Gallatin is fashion design and business administration. In the industry some clothing is critiqued and some clothing is praised—and navigating that is challenging, because what you like might not be well received. So doing bespoke fashion for just one person is freeing in a sense because you don’t have to worry about all that extra stuff. It’s just the art. And I like being an artist first and thinking about the business second.

Lizette Saucedo (Global Liberal Studies ’24) Major: Politics, rights, and development Thesis title: “Acknowledging and Remembering Deceased Migrants Crossing the U.S.-Mexican Border”

Lizette Saucedo (Global Liberal Studies '24). Photo by Tracey Friedman

My thesis project is on commemorating migrants who are dying on their journey north to cross the U.S.–Mexican border. I look at it through different theoretical lenses, and one of the terms is necropolitics—how politics shapes the way the State governs life and especially death. And then of the main issues aside from the deaths is that a lot of people in the U.S. don’t know about them, due to the government trying to eschew responsibility for migrant suffering. In the final portion of the thesis, I argue for presenting what some researchers call “migrant artifacts”—the personal belongings left behind by people trying to cross over—to the public, so that people can become aware and have more of a human understanding of what’s going on. 

This is my senior thesis for Liberal Studies, but the idea for it started in an International Human Rights course I took with professor Joyce Apsel . We read a book by Jason De León called The Land of the Open Graves , which I kept in the back of my mind. And then when I studied abroad in Germany during my junior year, I noticed all the different memorials and museums, and wondered why we didn’t have the equivalent in the U.S. My family comes from Mexico—my parents migrated—and ultimately all of these interests came together.

I came into NYU through the Liberal Studies program and I loved it. It’s transdisciplinary, which shaped how I view my studies. My major is politics, rights, and development and my minor is social work, but I’ve also studied museum studies, and I’ve always loved the arts. The experience of getting to work one-on-one on this thesis has really fortified my belief that I can combine all those things.

Sade Chaffatt (Abu Dhabi ’24) Major: Biology Thesis title: “The Polycomb repressive component, EED in mouse hepatocytes regulates liver homeostasis and survival following partial hepatectomy.”

Sade Chaffatt (NYU Abu Dhabi '24). Photo courtesy of NYUAD

Imagine your liver as a room. Within the liver there are epigenetic mechanisms that control gene expression. Imagine these epigenetic mechanisms as a dimmer switch, so that you could adjust the light in the room. If we remove a protein that is involved in regulating these mechanisms, there might be dysregulation—as though the light is too bright or too dim. One such protein, EED, plays a crucial role in regulating gene expression. And so my project focuses on investigating whether EED is required in mouse hepatocytes to regulate liver homeostasis and to regulate survival following surgical resection.

Stepping into the field of research is very intimidating when you’re an undergraduate student and know nothing. But my capstone mentor, Dr. Kirsten Sadler , encourages students to present their data at lab meetings and to speak with scientists. Even though this is nerve-wracking, it helps to promote your confidence in communicating science to others in the field.

If you’d asked 16-year-old me, I never would’ve imagined that I’d be doing research at this point. Representation matters a lot, and you often don't see women—especially not Black women—in research. Being at NYUAD has really allowed me to see more women in these spaces. Having had some experience in the medical field through internships, I can now say I’m more interested in research and hope to pursue a PhD in the future.

Kimberly Sinchi (Tandon ’24) Major: Computer Science Sarah Moughal (Tandon ’25) Major: Computer Science Project: Robotic Design Team's TITAN

Sarah Moughal (Tandon '25, left) and Kimberly Sinchi (Tandon '24). Photo by Tracey Friedman

Kimberly: The Robotic Design Team has been active at NYU for at least five years. We’re 60-plus undergrad and grad students majoring in electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, computer science, and integrated design. We’ve named our current project TITAN because of how huge it is. TITAN stands for “Tandon’s innovation in terraforming and autonomous navigation.”

Sarah: We compete in NASA’s lunatics competition every year, which means we build a robot from scratch to be able to compete in lunar excavation and construction. We make pretty much everything in house in the Tandon MakerSpace, and everyone gets a little experience with machining, even if you're not mechanical. A lot of it is about learning how to work with other people—communicating across majors and disciplines and learning how to explain our needs to someone who may not be as well versed in particular technologies as we are. 

Kimberly: With NYU’s Vertically Integrated Project I’ve been able to take what I was interested in and actually have a real world impact with it. NASA takes notes on every Rover that enters this competition. What worked and what didn’t actually influences their designs for rovers they send to the moon and to Mars.

Eva Fuentes (CAS ’24) Major: Anthropology Thesis title: “Examining the relationship between pelvic shape and numbers of lumbar vertebrae in primates”

Eva Fuentes (CAS '24). Photo by Tracey Friedman

I came into NYU thinking I wanted to be an art history major with maybe an archeology minor. To do the archeology minor, you have to take the core classes in anthropology, and so I had to take an intro to human evolution course. I was like, this is the coolest thing I’ve learned—ever. So I emailed people in the department to see if I could get involved. 

Since my sophomore year, I’ve been working in the Evolutionary Morphology Lab with Scott Williams, who is primarily interested in the vertebral column of primates in the fossil record because of how it can inform the evolution of posture and locomotion in humans.

For my senior thesis, I’m looking at the number of lumbar vertebrae—the vertebrae that are in the lower back specifically—and aspects of pelvic shape to see if it is possible to make inferences about the number of lumbar vertebrae a fossil may have had. The bones of the lower back are important because they tell us about posture and locomotion.

I committed to a PhD program at Washington University in St. Louis a few weeks ago to study biological anthropology. I never anticipated being super immersed in the academic world. I don’t come from an academic family. I had no idea what I was doing when I started, but Scott Williams, and everyone in the lab, is extremely welcoming and easy to talk to. It wasn't intimidating to come into this lab at all.

Elsa Nyongesa (GPH, CAS ’24 ) Major: Global Public Health and Biology Project: “Diversity in Breast Oncological Studies: Impacts on Black Women’s Health Outcomes”

Elsa Nyongesa (GPH, CAS '24). Photo by Tracey Friedman

I interned at Weill Cornell Medicine through their Travelers Summer Research Fellowship Program where I worked with my mentor, Dr. Lisa Newman, who is the head of the International Center for the Study of Breast Cancer Subtypes. I analyzed data on the frequency of different types of breast cancer across racial and ethnic groups in New York. At the same time, I was also working with Dr. Rachel Kowolsky to study minority underrepresentation in clinical research. 

In an experiential learning course taught by Professor Joyce Moon Howard in the GPH department, I created a research question based on my internship experience. I thought about how I could combine my experiences from the program which led to my exploration of the correlation between minority underrepresentation in breast oncological studies, and how it affects the health outcomes of Black women with breast cancer.

In my major, we learn about the large scope of health disparities across different groups. This opportunity allowed me to learn more about these disparities in the context of breast cancer research. As a premedical student, this experience broadened my perspective on health. I learned more about the social, economic, and environmental factors influencing health outcomes. It also encouraged me to examine literature more critically to find gaps in knowledge and to think about potential solutions to health problems. Overall, this experience deepened my philosophy of service, emphasizing the importance of health equity and advocacy at the research and clinical level.

Rohan Bajaj (Stern ’24) Major: Finance and statistics Thesis title: “Measuring Socioeconomic Changes and Investor Attitude in Chicago’s Post-Covid Economic Recovery”

Rohan Bajaj (Stern '24). Photo by Tracey Friedman

My thesis is focused on understanding the effects of community-proposed infrastructure on both the socioeconomic demographics of cities and on fiscal health. I’m originally from Chicago, so it made a lot of sense to pay tribute back to the place that raised me. I’m compiling a list of characteristics of infrastructure that has been developed since 2021 as a part of the Chicago Recovery Plan and then assessing how neighborhoods have changed geographically and economically. 

I’m looking at municipal bond yields in Chicago as a way of evaluating the fiscal health of the city. Turns out a lot of community-proposed infrastructure is focused in lower income areas within Chicago rather than higher income areas. So that makes the research question interesting, to see if there’s a correlation between the proposed and developed infrastructure projects, and if these neighborhoods are being gentrified alongside development.

I kind of stumbled into the impact investing industry accidentally from an internship I had during my time at NYU. I started working at a renewable energies brokerage in midtown, where my main job was collecting a lot of market research trends and delivering insights on how these different energy markets would come into play. I then worked with the New York State Insurance Fund, where I helped construct and execute their sustainable investment strategy from the ground up. 

I also took a class called “Design with Climate Change” with Peter Anker in Gallatin during my junior year, and a lot of that class was focused on how to have climate resilient and publicly developed infrastructure, and understanding the effects it has on society. It made me start thinking about the vital role that physical surroundings play in steering communities.

In the short term I want to continue diving into impact-focused investing and help identify urban planners and city government to develop their communities responsibly and effectively.

Andrea Durham (Tandon, ’26)  Major: Biomolecular science Research essay title: “The Rise and Fall of Aduhelm”

Andrea Durham (Tandon '26). Photo by Tracey Friedman

This is an essay I wrote last year in an advanced college essay writing class with Professor Lorraine Doran on the approval of a drug for Alzheimer’s disease called Aduhelm—a monoclonal antibody therapy developed by Biogen in 2021, which was described as being momentous and groundbreaking. But there were irregularities ranging from the design of its clinical trials to government involvement that led to the resignation of three scientists on an advisory panel, because not everybody in the scientific community agreed that it should be approved.

When I was six years old, my grandmother was diagnosed. Seeing the impact that it had over the years broke my heart and ignited a passion in me to pursue research. 

When I started at NYU, I wasn’t really sure what I was going to do in the future, or what opportunities I would go after. This writing class really gave me an opportunity to reflect on the things that were important to me in my life. The September after I wrote this paper, I started volunteering in a lab at Mount Sinai for Alzheimer's disease research, and that’s what I’m doing now—working as a volunteer at the Center for Molecular Integrative Neuroresilience under Dr. Giulio Pasinetti. I have this opportunity to be at the forefront, and because of the work I did in my writing class I feel prepared going into these settings with an understanding of the importance of conducting ethical research and working with integrity.


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  1. (PDF) Student's Guide For Final Year Project Thesis: BSc ...

    Abstract. A final year project represents a demonstration of a student's ability to integrate the knowledge they acquired from more than one course and subject, to produce a final work that ...

  2. Final Year Project Proposal

    To write a short project proposal, focus on a concise format. Include sections for introduction, problem statement, objectives, methodology, budget, timeline, and expected outcomes, keeping it clear and to the point. Create a well-formatted and complete final year project proposal. Use our downloadable examples in PDF available in this post for ...

  3. Final Year Project Proposal Format (+PDF Sample, Free Download)

    Final Year Project Proposal Format (+PDF Sample, Free Download) Free project proposal template: In this post is a sample project proposal for final year undergraduate students. This will give you a solid idea of the elements of a project proposal and the essential information contained in them.

  4. How to Write a Final Year Project Proposal: Simple Steps

    While a research project is a document that is written by a student at the end of an academic degree; in this case, an undergraduate degree, a project proposal is a type of work that represents the basic plan of how the student hopes to accomplish the research goals of his final year project. The project proposal would contain a surface study ...

  5. How to Write a Research Proposal

    Writing a research proposal can be quite challenging, but a good starting point could be to look at some examples. We've included a few for you below. Example research proposal #1: "A Conceptual Framework for Scheduling Constraint Management" Example research proposal #2: "Medical Students as Mediators of Change in Tobacco Use" Title page


    The scope of the research and the methodology tools employed should be discussed, while the connection with your project objectives should be clear. The Research methods module should have already provided you with the variety of the different quantitative and qualitative tools that can be used to conduct an actual research. In specific, the

  7. How to Choose a Final Year Research Topic?

    Most of the time, research project work is a difficult nut to crack for final-year students in higher education. It frequently comes with a high credit unit load when compared to other standard…


    STEP 2: UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH •Well, this step will not deliberate on the specific/detailed operation of research. But, it will only briefly segregates the common research operations -in order to enhance the understanding of the beginners. •Given a topic/problem to be solve/research; there are two (2) major undertakings: 1.

  9. How to Write a Final Year Research Project Proposal: Simple Guidelines

    A final year research project proposal is a persuasive document required in your final year of study. Its objectives are to: 1. Identify the work that is to be done. 2. Explain why the work needs to be done. 3. Persuade the reader that the you are competent for the work, have a plausible management plan and approach, and have the appropriate ...

  10. PDF Final Year Project Report

    Final Year Project Report. Report Writing Guide 2 ... Methodology 9. Execution of the research (data collection, if necessary) 10. Presentation & analysis of results 11. Discussion of the findings 12. Conclusion 13. References (and Bibliography) 14. Appendices. ... Table 4-2 Collection of the sample data. Insert table/figure as near as possible ...

  11. Step-by-Step Guide to Building and Presenting Your Final Year Project

    As you work on building out the platform, don't forget to continue testing and refining your algorithm. This will ensure that the platform is providing accurate and relevant job recommendations to users. By the time you've completed this step, you'll have a fully functional job posting platform that's accessible to all.

  12. How to Write a Final Year Research Project: A Step by Step Guide

    A standard final year project should have the following: Introduction: This comes with different sub-titles/heading. Abstract: An overview of the entire project. Serving as a summary of your entire project, it states the background, purpose, and result of your project. Research methodology: This usually explains what data gathering method was ...

  13. How To Write Your Final Year Project Chapter One

    The outline below covers the primary components of a final year project, there may be some variation in how the sections are named or divided, but the overall goals are always the same. Here, this will article takes you through a basic final year project template and explains what you need to include in each part. 1.

  14. PDF Research Project Manual and Format of Writing and Presenting a Research

    research project. The primary aim of the Manual is to provide a description of the various components of writing a research project. It has two parts. Part one presents the full details of the component parts of a research report, starting from the preliminary pages, the major

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    David Hortigüela-Alcalá. This paper analyses the students' use rubrics for the assessment of final year projects (FYP) in teacher education and the lecturers' perceptions, using a case study ...

  16. How to Write a Final Year Project Proposal: Simple Steps

    While a research project is a document that is written by a student at the end of an academic degree; in this case, an undergraduate degree, a project proposal is a type of work that represents the basic plan of how the student hopes to accomplish the research goals of his final year project. The project proposal would contain a surface study ...


    This final year project used three major steps to implement project starting from planning, implementing and testing. All the methods used for finding and analyzing data regarding the project related. Planning Implementing Identify the conclusion Analyze the performance Implement the project Testing point Hardware and software requirement


    The project was hence done in the following manner. 1. Completing of the fabrication. 2. Research on ways of minimizing fouling . 3. Incorporating the ways arrived at in 1 above into the system design. 4. Testing of the model under forced convection condition. The gases from a furnace were used to simulate industrial flue gases. The performance ...

  19. Final Year Research Project Topics

    20,067 Published Final Year Project Research Topics and Free Project Topics with Relevant Research Materials and References. Computer Science Source Code Projects; Source Codes , VB/.NET , JQuery , PHP , Python , Java , C# , C++ , Node JS , MatLab , Project Ideas , and more. Helpdesk - WhatsApp: (+234) 707-129-0139 Email: [email protected].


    FINAL YEAR PROJECT Campus Event Web-Based System By Hazirah Bt Mohd Abdul Raushin 16250 Dissertation report submitted in partial fulfillment of ... This report elaborates on the chosen research, Campus Event Web-Based System. It is a system that can update, shares and register information on local events ...

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    7 CONTENTS CHAPTERS TITLE PAGE Bonafide 2 Declaration 3 Acknowledgement 4 Certificate 5 Abstract 6 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Basics 8 1.2 Python3 8 1.3 Python Modules 9-11 1.4 Deep Learning and Types 12-13 1.5 OpenCV 14 1.6 Tensorflow 15 2 Literature Survey 2.1 Civil airline fare prediction with a multi-attribute dual- stage attention mechanism

  22. Navigating the Final Project for Your Major

    As a graduating student, your final project can take on a variety of shapes depending on your major. Nonetheless, it is always a project that reflects the skills and knowledge you have learned over time. As a Social and Cultural Analysis and Journalism double major, I completed a 40-to-60 page thesis and a 3,000-word journalistic capstone.

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  25. 9 Undergraduate Research Projects That Wowed Us This Year

    Many present their work at research conferences, and some even co-author work with faculty and graduate students that leads to publication. As 2023-2024 drew to a close, the NYU News team coordinated with the Office of the Provost to pull together a snapshot of the research efforts that students undertook during this school year.